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Transcript of Uruguay Presentation
GDP per Capita: $15,300 Chief Imports: refined oil, crude oil,
passenger and other transportation vehicles, vehicles parts, cellular phones Chief Exports beef, soybeans, cellulose, rice, wheat, wood, dairy products, wool Geography Maps Geography Climate:
Uniform nationwide due to it all being in one temperate zone.
Seasons are pronounced but not drastically different. Geography Topography:
Mostly consists of rolling plains.
A smooth transition from Argentine Pampas to hilly uplands of Southern Brazil
Remarkably featureless, but does have lots of water sources. Unique Geography Rio de la Plata:
A muddy runoff of the Parana and Uruguay River
Supports the capital of Argentina and Uruguay (Buenos Aires and Montevideo) Geography Uruguay Population: 3,368,595
Montevideo Population: 1,319,108 A Brief History of Uruguay Discovery (16th and 17th Century):
First founded in 1516 by Spanish explorers
Quickly abandoned due to fierce native resistance and lack of any precious metals.
Development and Colonization (18th Century):
Spanish inhabit Uruguay to stop the spread of the Portuguese in Brazil
Set up Montevideo as a military stronghold in the beginning of the 18th century, competes heavily with Buenos Aires in Argentina.
The Struggle for Independence (19th Century)
Beginning of the century shaped by British/Spanish/Portuguese Conflict
Uruguay sides with Argentina in 1811 to revolt against Spain
Annexed to Brazil in 1821
With Argentine aid, declare independence from Brazil in 1825
Officially granted independence in 1828 at the Treaty of Montevideo
The remainder of the 19th saw to conflicts with neighboring states, political and economic fluctuations, and large inflows of immigrants.
Political Maturity and Socio-Economic Development (20th Century)
Jose Batlle y Ordoñez, president from 1903-1907 & 1911-1915, set the pattern for Uruguay's modern political development.
Establishes a welfare program and government participation in the economy.
New constitution adopted in 1967
In 1973, armed forces close the Congress and establish a civilian-military regime
National elections held in 1984; Julio Maria Sanguinetti won the presidency
Sanguinetti enforces democracy and improves economy with foreign trading. Montevideo Anthropology Religions:
58% Christian (47% Roman Catholic, 11% Protestant), 40% None (23% "believe in God but without religion", 17% Atheist or Agnostic), 2% Other (Jewish, Ubanda, etc.)