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Greek Goddesses Athena & Hecate
Transcript of Greek Goddesses Athena & Hecate
Athena is known as a warrior. Her birth myth claims that she sprouted from Zeus's head in a full set of armor. Also, being the daughter of Metis, Athena is very wise. The story of her and Poseidon's contest proves these characteristics. She portrays her intelligence in the gift she provides for Athens, and she uses her conflict strategies in the way she defeats Poseidon.
Strength & Independence of Goddesses
Most Greek Goddesses married and had children, but this did not include Hecate and Athena. Virgin Goddesses were unwilling to sacrifice their independent nature for the sake of marriage. They were strong, independent, and powerful.
Goddess of Wisdom & War
Athena and Poseidon's Contest for Athens
They both desired to be the patron of Athens, and their rivalry was very intense.
Athena's Traits & Abilities
Athena is very strong and fights to protect herself, her family, and the rights of others. She is very rational and intelligent and communicates her experience and wisdom.
- She is the daughter of Zeus and Metis, and she sprouted from Zeus's head. Although Zeus did not want her at first, she became his favorite daughter.
- She competed with Poseidon for the patronage of Athens
- Competed with Aphrodite for most beautiful Olympian Goddess, and she lost, and became very hostile towards Aprodite.
Greek Goddesses Athena & Hecate
Athena invented a contest that would grant the patronage of Athens to the god who provided the best gift to the city.
Poseidon struck his trident into the ground of the city,
and produced a sea, but the people were disappointed, for the water was much too salty to drink.
When it was Athena's turn, she knelt down and buried something in the ground. An olive tree soon sprouted, providing the olives, of course, for food, oil for lamps and cooking, and wood for building boats and houses.
Athena's gift to Athens was far better, so she
won the contest and was granted patronage over
Instead of fighting Poseidon in physical combat, Athena used her intelligence in strategy and decided to hold a contest to defeat him.
Athena's decision to plant the olive tree
reflected her wisdom and knowledge because she knew her gift would be plentiful.
Goddess of the Supernatural
Hecate's Traits and Abilities
- Hecate can give humans dreams and visions which, if interpreted wisely, can lead to greater clarity.
- Extremely powerful
- control over birth, life, and death
- Because of her power in the three areas of heaven, earth, and the underworld, she was represented as a triple form
- ability to see in multiple directions
- connected with Goddesses Artemis, Diana, and Persephone
- became Persephone's close friend after reuniting her with Demeter
- has control over the underworld, so she is associated with Hades
- control over the heavens, so she's associated with Helios, God of the Sun
Hecate and the Abduction of Persephone
Because Hecate was so powerful, she had the ability to see in all different directions, including heaven, earth, and the underworld. When she heard Persephone, who had been abducted by Hades, screaming, she could see where Persephone was being taken - the Underworld.
With not only the ability to see heaven, earth, and the underworld, but also the past, present, and future, Hecate helped frantic Demeter, mother of Persephone, find her daughter. Although Hecate's intentions were usually perceived as negative, she occasionally used her farsightedness and attention for detail for good causes.
Athena's Family Tree
How This Story Reflects Hecate's Character
Hecate's main trait is how powerful she is. Zeus himself honors her very highly because he respects that she has as much control as he does or even more. Her ability to see so many different things at once gives her a pretty big advantage, and this story is an example of that.
Greek Goddesses' Contributions to Greek Society
Athena and Hecate were very different goddesses, but one thing they had in common was their power and independence. This might have inspired women in Greek society to be like them and fight for their rights, like Athena and try to maintain more control like Hecate.