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7 Elements of Culture
Transcript of 7 Elements of Culture
In Japan, they have a set of social classes that basically rank their people. Starting from the bottom going up is: Merchants, Artisans, Peasants, Ronin, Samurai, Daimyo, Shogun and finally at the very top is the Emperor.
Customs and Traditions
Compared to America, the Japanese acts very differently. It is a custom that when you enter the household to immediately remove your shoes. Sometimes Japanese homes will actually have slippers that they put on once you are in the house. In Japan it is not rare for a citizen to be walking around with a face mask on. They do this because there are times where the air is very polluted and it can very easily make them sick. Japanese citizens are expected to act sophisticated, and nothing how americans act. Apparently America has set a bad reputation for americans act, and the Japanese tend to be more courteous.
In Japan it is important to be literate in their language. Their writing systems consists of thre different character sets, Kanji, Hirangana and Katakana. The official language of Japan is of course Japanese. Even though their official language is Japanese, most of the citizens are able to understand English to a high extent since English is the language that they have to learn in school.
Arts and Literature
In Japan they share many different types of literature from the past. A lot of the stories they share have to do with their emperors, or somebody who is going to the fields. Japanese art paintings are beautiful and some of their most famous paintings are focused around water or trees. Then for their music, it uses a lot of drums.
Japan has two major religions, Shinto and Buddhism. Shinto dates all the way back to the beginning of Japanese culture, and Buddhism was imported from the mainland in the 6th century.
Forms of Government
Depending on the type of household in Japan, they have different families. In an agricultural family it was usually an extended family, which means there are several generations living and working together on the land. Then if it is an industrial family they are normally a nuclear family, which is a father who works, a stay at home mother and approximately two children. Lastly if they were an information age family, they would include multiple family patterns, which is what many different people fit into.
Japan has a parliamentary system of government, just as Britain and Canada do. They do not elect a president directly, the members of the Diet which is Japan's national parliament, elect a prime minister from among themselves. The prime minister forms and then will lead the cabinet of ministers of state. Citizens can vote when they are 20 years of age. The judicial power lies with the Supreme Court and lower courts.
Recently Japan has been doing well with opening the markets more freely. Currently they have an 82.6% for trade freedom, 70% investment freedom, and 50% financial freedom. Next for their regulatory efficiency, there is a 84.1% business freedom, 90.2% labor freedome and 86.7% monetary freedom. Japan's economy is now the 20th freest in the 2015 index.