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Stereotypes

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by

Kayla Wright

on 13 April 2015

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Transcript of Stereotypes

Stereotypes
By: Emily
Brooke
Vince
Wesley
& Kayla
What is a Stereotype?


- an oversimplification of people/groups widely circulated in society.

- takes a generalization then applies it to every person within that group.



Stereotype vs. Generalization



-Stereotype is a generalization

-generalization is not a stereotype





Types of Stereotypes



- Positive/Negative

- Religious

- Racial

- Gender

- Various types of characteristics of any groups
- body type, occupation, age


- Blondes are dumb

- Christians are homophobic

- Teenagers are rebels

- Middle Eastern are terrorists

- Skinny Girls are anorexic

- Men are more aggressive

- Lawyers are greedy and money hungry

Examples

- refers to someone being at risk of confirming a negative stereotype about their own group.




Stereotype Threat

A father and his son get into a car accident. The father dies and the son is rushed to the hospital. The surgeon says “I can't operate on this patient because he is my son.” How can that be?



Riddle Time
Where Do Stereotypes Come From?


•Influential Teachers: Family, School Teachers, and Peers


“We mirror the ambivalence we see in society”
•Social Media : Internet, News, Entertainment


Psychology of Stereotypes


•Cognitive Miser - naturally categorizes


•Subconscious - undetected bias
◦ex: Yale Researcher




•Category Accentuation Theory


•Illusory Correlation Theory


•Attention Theory


Theories
Even positive stereotypes can have negative effects


- Create problems such as racism and sexism

- Women “take care”, men “take charge”






Loss of individualism

Prejudice and Discrimination



- After 9/11, heavy backlash towards Muslim and Middle-Eastern Americans (Islamophobia)

- Japanese internment camps after Pearl Harbor

- Racial Profiling
◦African Americans tend to be harassed frequently



Stereotypes in Different Cultures


•Common cultural stereotypes
◦All white Americans are obese, lazy, and dim-witted
◦Mexicans are lazy and illegal
◦Arabs and muslims are terrorists
◦People from England have bad teeth

•What are culture stereotypes?
◦Knowing the attitudes and personality of certain groups of people
◦People will apply both evidence and existing beliefs about members of certain cultural group


Projected Stereotyping

- Individual prejudices
◦Many cultures often think highly of themselves, but less of others

- Cultural stereotypes in intercultural communities
◦If eliminated, cultures would have more successful exchange
◦There is more peace within different cultures
◾But can be more detrimental to human cognition


Sources



•http://www.theguardian.com/women-in-leadership/2013/dec/03/gender-stereotypes-men-women-work (gender stereotypes in workplaces)
•http://www.ushistory.org/us/51e.asp (Japanese internment camps)
•http://psychcentral.com/news/2010/08/11/long-term-effects-of-stereotyping/16675.html
•http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/oliver-burkemans-blog/2012/dec/12/stereotypes-bad-even-when-good
•https://www.jyu.fi/viesti/verkkotuotanto/kp/vf/jaakko.shtml (Cultural Stereotypes)
•http://i.guim.co.uk/static/w-620/h--/q-95/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/pictures/2013/12/2/1385996604749/Which-better-at-following-008.jpg
•http://www.healthguidance.org/entry/15910/1/List-of-Gender-Stereotypes.html
•http://www.catalyst.org/media/catalyst-study-exposes-how-gender-based-stereotyping-sabotages-women-workplace
•http://s139.photobucket.com/user/martinstook84/media/israel_palestine.jpg.html
•https://www.reddit.com/r/Stereotypes/
•http://999ktdy.com/be-mindful-of-stereotypes/
•http://shauntee.com/2014/01/24/happen-market-lesson-stereotyping/stereotypes-2/
•http://imgarcade.com/1/common-racial-stereotypes-list/
•http://fos.iloveindia.com/stereotypes-examples.html
•http://racerelations.about.com/od/understandingrac1/a/WhatIsaStereotype.htm





•labels how an individual should act in accordance to their race, sex, religion, etc


•causes people to feel ashamed of wanting to do different things


•people perform poorly in situations where they feel they are being stereotyped


People’s Attention to Stereotypes



•Certain features of groups of people
◦Amplify them in observation
◦Offer interpretations of specific cultures



Cultural Stereotypes are Unique


- They are enduring and changing, and strong and insightful

- Example
◦Israelis and Palestinians


Stereotype Campaigning

“We are all different for a Reason”

How can we stop Stereotyping?


- See people for who they really are rather than how they appear to be

- Understand that “perfection” does not exist

- Eliminate the Misconceptions
◦be open-minded
◦accept diversity

Full transcript