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Zoroastrianism

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by

Alreem Alshimmari

on 15 May 2014

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Transcript of Zoroastrianism

Continued
The beginning of Zoroastrianism
Zoroastrianism began approximately 3500 years ago in Persia
Approximately 1480-1500 B.C. (600 B.C.E)
The credited founder is Zoroaster (also known as Zarathustra)
the official God of Zoroastrians is Ahura Mazda
Ahura Mazda
Ahura Mazda (meaning the Wise One) is known for being:
Omniscient (knows everything)
Omnipotent (all powerful)
Omnipresent (is everywhere)
Impossible for humans to conceive
Unchanging
The Creator of life
The Source of all goodness and happiness
Zoroastrians believe that God is pure, and everything shall be treated with love and respect.
Called the "first ecological religion'
FIRE represent's God's love and wisdom; fire is not worshiped.
Founder
The founder is Zoroastern, and is credited of being the 'prophet'.
Although he was considered holy, he was not worshiped; he believed that people can become close to god through asha ('the path of righteousness and truth')
Zoroaster placed less emphasis on ritual worship, instead focusing on the central ethics of 'Good Words, Good Thoughts and Good Deeds'.
There was no specific prayer. He ;et the followers worship how and when they please.
Zoroaster was born in Northern Iran or Southwest Afghanistan (True origins unknown)
He was born during the bronze age with a polytheistic religion in the Spitama clan, where he became a priest.
His earlier religion was considered as the early concepts of Hinduism, and they sacrificed many animals.
Cosmic and Moral dualism
He had a wife, three sons, and three daughters.
He rejected the religion he was born in, with too many Gods and Caste system.
He opposed animal sacrifices and opposed the system of the mighty controlling the weak
Karapans and Karvis (priests and princes)
He obtained a "vision" where he learned about Ahura Mazda.
River Vision
At the age of thirty, he had his first "divine vision" of God and his Amesha Spentas (Holy Immortals) during a ritual purification while bathing in a river.
There, he saw a "radiant being", made of light whom stated he was Vohu Manah (Good mind)
He was led Ahura Mazda and 5 other 'radiant beings'.
He asked many questions, and his questions were answered. This became the basis of the Zoroastrian religion.
Ahura Mazda and Angra Mainyu
In Zoroastrianism; Dualism is the existing, yet complete separation, of God and Evil.
Cosmically (contradicting forces within the Universe
Morally (contradicting forces within the Mind)
Ahura Mazda is considered as the 'Good' and 'Creative Energy' in the universe.
Angra Mainyu is considered as the "Evil" and the "Destructive energy" opposing Amhura's Creative energy.
Angra Mainyu IS NOT God's equal opposite.
Spenta Mainyu is the Creative energy, and is what God sued to create the Pure world, which has been, and continuously is, being attacked by Angra Mainyu, thus making it impure.
Angra Mainyu is the basis of war, hatred, famine, death, and natural disasters.
Language and sacred text
The known sacred text of Zoroastrianism is Avesta. literally translating to "Book of the Law", and is also composed in Avesta.

The language used by Zoroastrians is the origin of the hymn books that Zoroaster wrote in.

He wrote in a combination of Gatha and Avesta. Some parts of the language can be derived from the Indian language, much like how spanish contains many English phrases and words.
The Amesha Spentas
"Holy Immortals"
There are 6 Amesha Spentas in total, and are literally thought of as "light" beings. A common analogy referring to the Amesha Spentas is that just as light rays are emanated from the sun but are not the sun, the Amesha Spentas are emanated by God but are not God. They are the ones whom helped God with the creation, but are not the creationists.
The 6 Amesha Spentas are:
Vohu Manah - Good mind and good purpose.
Asha Vahishta - Truth and righteousness.
Spenta Ameraiti - Holy devotion, serenity and loving kindness.
Khashathra Vairya - Power and just rule.
Hauravatat - Wholeness and health.
Ameretat - Long life and immortality.

Zoroastrianism
By: Alreem Alshimmari
2nd Period

Cosmic Dualism
Cosmic dualism is the on-going battle between Good (Ahura Mazda) and Evil (Angra Mainyu).

Cosmic Dualism has light and death, day and night, Good and evil.
Moral Dualism
Moral Dualism, on the other hand, is the contradiction of Good and Evil in the mind of humankind.
Moral Dualism focuses mainly on God's greatest gift towards his creations; free will.
Man has the choice to follow the path of Evil (druj;deceit) or to follow the path of Righteousness(asha;truth).
Path of evil leads to suffering eventually hell.
Path of Righteousness leads to happiness and eventually heaven.
Polarities: Happiness and sadness, truth and deceit)
10 Quotes from Zoroaster
“Doing good to others is not a duty, it is a joy, for it increases our own health and happiness.”
“Turn yourself not away from three best things: Good Thought, Good Word, and Good Deed.”
“Taking the first footstep with a good thought the second with a good word and the third with a good deed I entered Paradise”
“He who sows the ground with care and diligence acquires a greater stock of religious merit than he could gain by the repetition of ten thousand prayers”
“Do not hold grain waiting for higher prices when people are hungry”
“Form no covetous desire, so that the demon of greediness may not deceive thee, and the treasure of the world may not be tasteless to thee.”
"By Thy perfect Intelligence, O Mazda/Thou didst first create us having bodies and spiritual consciences,/And by Thy Thought gave our selves the power of thought, word, and deed./Thus leaving us free to choose our faith at our own will."
"Satisfaction linked with dishonor or with harm to others is a prison for the seeker."
“Suffer no anxiety, for he who is a sufferer of anxiety becomes regardless of enjoyment of the world and the spirit, and contraction happens to his body and soul.”
“Let us be such as help the life of the future”
~Zoroaster (Uknown times)
Pictures
Continued Pictures
The fire temple of the Zoroastrians:
Fire Temple or Agiary. Used as a place of worship to Ahura Mazda
The symbol of Zoroastrians; The halo we see in the hand can represent the halo of the angels.

The man in the statue is known as The God; Ahura Mazda. Creator and knowing of all.
The statue was made during 640 B.C.E-680 B.C.E, and only one leg and a finger is missing
Continued Pictures Part 3
One of the modern-day prayer rooms where Zoroastrians may come in and meditate and/or pray.
A fire that is lit during each prayer or gathering of Zoroastrians. Due to Zoroastrianism emphasizing purification, fire is maintained at the temples, due to the fire symbolizing Purity and the light of God. These fires are never extinguished, and every ritual must be performed with the presence of these holy fires.
Map of where this religion Began and where it currently is found
Zoroaster (Zarathustra);
Founder of the Zoroastrianism religion. This picture was supposedly after his first vision when he was bathing in the river.
In this image, Zoroaster is sacrificing a goat to one of the many Gods before his first vision. Here, he appears as a priest, thus meaning that he was younger than 30 years old.
In this cartoon image, Zoroaster is telling his followers the basic three rules that will guide them to heaven; Behave Well, Speak Well, Act Well.
Continued Pictures part 4
During the most important festival in the Zoroastrian culture, Khordad Sal, the people would pray then feast. Khordad Sal is considered as the "birthday" of Zoroaster, yet it is celebrated for 9 days, as it is actually unknown when his birthday was.
The man in the statue is known as the third Achaemenid king, Darius The Great (550–486 BCE). Since the first Achaemenid king, they have become very pious Zoroastrians that try to justly rule by the law of Asha.
Videos
Works Cited
http://uncovering-irans-history.wikispaces.com/file/view/Zoroaster.png/335238694/Zoroaster.png
http://www.godlessgirl.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/Ahura-Mazda1.jpg
http://www.ljplus.ru/img4/f/a/farroukh/clip_image006.jpg
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-Z6jpTO8AaYM/UU-XpWTw6aI/AAAAAAAAAkU/M3Dtyw2WWDU/s640/Faravahar_Brushe_by_fizone.jpg
http://iranian.com/main/files/singlepage_images/king_0.jpg
http://www.zarathushtra.com/z/life/images/z4.gif
http://thinkexist.com/quotes/zoroaster/
http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Zoroaster
http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/zoroastrian/
http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/zoroastrian/ataglance/glance.shtml
http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/zoroastrian/worship/worship.shtml
http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/zoroastrian/history/zoroaster_1.shtml
http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/zoroastrian/beliefs/god.shtml
http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/zoroastrian/beliefs/dualism.shtml
http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/zoroastrian/worship/images/prayer_room.jpg
http://www.markville.ss.yrdsb.edu.on.ca/projects/classof2008/chong2/macgillivray/zorohome2_files/zoroceremony.jpg
http://www.cais-soas.com/CAIS/Images2/Celebrations/Sadeh/Sadeh2008-007.jpg
http://www.zoroastrian.ru/files/iran/khordad-sal-parsi-festival.jpg
http://spiralcastle.net/mesopotamia/persia_map.jpg
http://joshuaproject.net/assets/media/profiles/maps/m14322_in.png
hhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6y8BZONPmi
hhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6F6llHQfvB
The traditional cotton shirt (Sudreh) and Kutsi (cord) 'uniform' used while praying. The Kutsi would be tied three times around the Sudreh to be a constant reminder of the three maxims "Good thoughts, Good words, Good deds".
Full transcript