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American Welfare

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Dylan Hathaway

on 14 April 2010

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Transcript of American Welfare

American Welfare Welfare in recent news The Healthcare bill It was signed into law on March 23rd by Obama and will:
Expand coverage to an additional 30 million people
Regulate private insurance companies banning practices such as discrimination based on pre-existing conditions and terminating coverage based on costs.
add 16 million people to the medicare roll.
cost and estimated 938 billion dollars and reduce the national debt by an estimated 138 billion dollars over the next decade.

Where is the budget going? What current polices are in affect? Programs created after the Great Depression are still in effect now
The Great Depression caused a change in policy and ideology of the government.
The Great Society legislation of the 1960s, for the first time a person who was not elderly or disabled could receive a living from the American government
This could include general welfare payments, health care through Medicaid, food stamps, special payments for pregnant women and young mothers, and federal and state housing benefits

The Welfare Reform Act of 1996, was built to provide short-term cash assistance and steer people quickly into jobs.
Medicare prescription drug benefits for seniors.
All persons 65 years of age or older who have been legal residents of the United States for at least 5 years are eligible for Medicare. However, if neither they nor their spouse have paid Medicare taxes for a minimum of 10 years, then they must pay a monthly premium to be enrolled in Medicare

What are some welfare court cases? Twenty individuals who had been denied welfare sued in a case that went to the United States Supreme Court, Goldberg v. Kelly. The Court ruled that those suspected of committing welfare fraud must receive individual hearings before being denied welfare.
How different parties feel about welfare? Liberal views:
Support Welfare Programs in the long-term
Welfare is necessary for equality
Some people need help and cannot make ends meet
Broaden the range of welfare programs
Strengthen the degree at which these programs operate.
Reform current programs to better benefit the public.

Conservative Veiws
Oppose Welfare Programs in the long-term
People need to become more self-reliant rather than rely on Government aid.
Oppose new legislation for new long-term programs.
Privatize current welfare programs, such as Social security.

What affects Policy making decisions? The year of which the policy is being debated.
The media
Public opinion
The constitution and Supreme Court
Miscellaneous Who do these policies affect? They affect:
the sick
the disabled
elderly What general principles exist within this sector of policymaking? Think big picture theoretical concepts. Social Welfare is backed by the concept that the federal government should take an interest in the well-being of its citizens, and has on obligation, however big, to its people to redistribute funds accordingly. The extent of such intervention is the topic of much debate, but social welfare currently encompasses social security benefits for the elderly, medical insurance for the elderly and extremely sick as well as unemployment benefits. What actions can the following governmental groups take regarding this policy area? Executive branch:
Presidential administration: Sets the national agenda and prioritizes social welfare.Federal bureaucratic agencies: Carry out social welfare programs and allow them to continue to exist.
Legislative branch: Can pass bills in Congress to change the institution through funding, creation or alteration of specific social welfare programs.
Judicial branch: Could theoretically rule on the constitutionality of certain social welfare programs. However, this has not occurred in the past because individuals cannot sue on grounds of unfair taxation, and so the case would probably be more focused around a specific detail of social welfare legislation
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