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Textual Bias English Presentation

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by

Jip Siebenheller

on 29 November 2013

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Transcript of Textual Bias English Presentation

"Bias is manifest in texts when authors present particular values as if they were universal."

"Textual bias is prejudice toward or unfair characterization of an individual or a particular group"
Forms of Textual Bias
General Bias
 ‘He has had the physical handicap since he was five.’
 (Harder one:) ‘There are many elderly people in our town.’
 'Our neighbor drives like a farmer.'
 'Cho Yung, a Chinese exchange student, is of course good at science.'
Gender Bias
'Jenny is going to school to become a lady doctor.’
 ‘Jeff is a superb secretary, despite the fact that he is a man.’
 ‘Mark, a manager, and Linda, a supervisor and mother of two, are vying for the position.’

Racial Bias
‘A family of Polacks moved into our neighbourhood last month’
 ‘I believe this region was once the primary home of the Eskimos.’
 ‘Many Oriental students study at that university.’

Age Bias
 ‘Mrs. Jensen, that old biddy, sometimes requires too much of her employees.’
 ‘That teacher is too old to handle an average class of students!’

Religious Bias
Euphemisms
"When your hair turns white and your face has more character, talk to us about helping you meet your long-term care needs"
"Those in our country with a darker skin are more respectable to strokes."
Forms of Textual Bias
General Bias
Gender Bias
Racial Bias
Age Bias
 ‘Mrs. Jensen, that old biddy, sometimes requires too much of her employees.’
= Mrs. Jensen sometimes requires too much of her employees.

 ‘That teacher is too old to handle an average class of students!’

= ‘That teacher can’t handle an average class of students!’
Religious Bias
Euphemisms
• ‘He has had the physical handicap since he was five.’
= ‘He has had the physical impairment since he was five.’
• ‘There are many elderly people in our town.’
= ‘There are many senior citizens/seniors in our town.’
• Our neighbor drives like a farmer.
= Our neighbor is a slow driver.
•Cho Yung, a Chinese exchange student, is of course good at science.'
= 'Cho Yung, a hard-working exchange student, does well in science.'

• ‘Jenny is going to school to become a lady doctor.’
= ‘Jenny is going to school to become a doctor.’
• ‘Mark, a manager, and Linda, a supervisor and mother of two, are vying for the position.’
= ‘Mark Mendenhall, a manager, and Linda Decker, a supervisor, are vying for the position.’
• ‘Jeff is a superb secretary, despite the fact that he is a man.’
= 'Jeff Davies is a superb secretary'
• ‘I believe this region was once the primary home of the Eskimos.’
= ‘I believe this region was once the primary home of the Inuit people.’
• ‘A family of Polacks moved into our neighbourhood last month’
= 'A Polish family moved into their neighborhood last month. (Or, better, �A new family moved into their neighborhood last month.)'
• ‘Terrorist attack in Afghanistan. Probably those Muslims again…’
= ‘Terrorist attack in Afghanistan. Probably the (religious) extremists again…’

• ‘Terrorist attack in Afghanistan. Probably those Muslims again…’
= ‘Terrorist attack in Afghanistan. Probably the (religious) extremists again…’

• 'When your hair turns white and your face has more character, talk to us about helping you meet your long-term care needs.'
= 'If you would like more information, talk to us about helping you meet your long-term care needs.'
• 'Those in our country with a darker skin color are more susceptible to strokes.'
= 'African Americans are more susceptible to strokes than other Americans. '
Businessman
Businessperson
Barmaid
Bartender
Chairman
Chair, chairperson, head
Clergyman
Member of the Clergy, minister
Congressman
Member of Congress, legislator
Fireman
Firefighter
Foreman
Supervisor
Mailman
Letter carrier, postal worker
Mankind
Humankind, humans, people
Manpower
Personnel, staff
Policemen
Police officer
Salesman
Salesperson
Stewardess
Flight attendant
Waitress/waiter
Server

Biased
Unbiased
Manipulative Newspapers
Newspapers are often very one-sided and bias. Imagine shortly new elections for the UK's president will take place. The favourite Labour Party's candidate this year is a 60 years old woman, dark-coloured and originally Jewish.
Write a short article in which you will either praise or despise the woman concerned. Consider the ideals of your type of newspaper and make use of all the sorts of bias and stereotyping (gender-, racial-, age- and religious bias)
Full transcript