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Babylonia Portfolio

World Geography (Sampson 4B)
by

Antonia Asher

on 28 April 2013

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Transcript of Babylonia Portfolio

Babylonian Civilization Antonia Asher Physical Geography Location Ancient Babylonia was located in Mesopotamia, or modern Iraq. Its capital, Babylon, was located near the Euphrates River at approximately 32.5° N, 44.4° E. Landforms Euphrates River
Tigris River
Zargos Mountains
Persian Gulf
Mediterranean Sea Euphrates River Climate Hot, dry summers
Cold, wet winters
Fertile soil from the rivers
Abundant in agricultural products
Irregular flooding Natural Resources Clay, gold, sulfur, barley, fish, oil History History Timeline 627 BC- Babylonia gains its independence from the Assyrian Empire. 612 BC- Babylonians conquer the Assyrian capital of Nineveh. 605 BC- The Battle of Meggido destroys the Assyrian Civilization and the Babylonian Empire extends to the Mediterranean Sea. 597 BC- Babylon captures Jerusalem, exiling many Jews into other areas of Mesopotamia. 585-572 BC- Babylon wanted control of the large trading center Tyre. After a 13 year long siege Babylonia gains control. OCTOBER 539 BC- Persians capture Babylon, destroying the Babylonian Civilization. Link to Cultural Hearth Babylonia was located in the cultural hearth of Mesopotamia, also called The Fertile Crescent, between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Historical Contributions The Baylonians contibuted many ideas in the studies of astronomy, math, architecture, commercial banking, government, and medicine. Hammurabi's Code became a basis for many modern laws. Inventions/Discoveries Leo zodiac sign, the Morning Star, Saros Cycle, 360 degree circle, 60 second minute, 60 minute hour, medical diagnosis and treatment with pills, creams, and bandages. Interesting Facts The Hanging Gardens of Babylon is one of the seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
The Hanging Gardens were created for King Nebuchadnezzar II's homesick wife.
Hammurabi's Code had 282 detailed laws.
Babylon means "the gate of the god."
Alexander the Great died in the palace of Nubuchadnezzar II.
Babylon was also called Babel. 1728 BC- Hammurabi takes control of Assyria, initiating the first Babylonian rule. Hammurabi 1531 BC- Babylonia falls to the Kassites, ending the first Babylonian rule. 732 BC- The Assyrians, who gained their independence from the Kassites, capture Babylonia. Settlers When Babylonia was on its peak it covered most of Mesopotamia and stretched from the Mediterreaean Sea to the Persian Gulf. The first settlement in this area was Jamaro. Cultural Geography Region Babylonia is in an area known as the Mesopotamia cultural hearth.
It is also located in what we call the Middle East today. Language They spoke and wrote with the Akkadian language. Customs During festivals the king would shake the hand of the statues of important gods.
A groom's father would have to pay for his son's bride.
If a woman is widowed she would marry her husband's brother.
A groom would present his bride with gifts before marriage, but if they chose to separate then he would receive them back, along with the money his father paid for her. Traditions At Akitu, the Babylonian New Year, it is a tradition to recite the Enuma Elish (the story of the creation of the world and humans).
Also, on one day of Akitu the king is put through a humiliation ritual that includes being slapped by the priest. Religion The Babylonians had a religion of their own, but it was heavily based off of the Sumerian's practices with a twist of Babylonia's culture. Marduk is the king of the gods and patron of Babylon for his part in our creation. They believed in the Enuma Elish, which says that Tiamat (a goddess) sought revenge for her husband's murder so she created an army of monsters that no god could defeat, except Marduk. He defeats Tiamat and rips her body in half to create the Earth and the Sky. He then decides to make humans so he kills Kingsu (leader of Tiamat's army) and uses the blood of Kingsu to create us. They worshiped Marduk in his ziggurat, The Tower of Babel. Tiamat Marduk Economy Imports Vs. Exports Imports: timber, wine, copper, tin, stone
Exports: barley, sesame, textiles, oil, pottery Government Babylonia had a market economy system that relied heavily on agricultural products with a small industry in foreign trade and manufatured goods. Trade was handled by bartering. They didn't actually use money, but they did create the shekel which was equal to about 180 grains of barley, or a fixed weight of silver. Trade was done by using both barley and silver as payment. Babylonia experienced an absolute monarchy that was led by a king. The title of king was passed down through the generations of the family to male heirs. The king is bound by no regulations except to respect the customs and traditions and follow the Babylonian religious beliefs. Ruined Treasures In Babylon http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=F20C12F93C5B0C7B8DDDAD0894DE404482&pagewanted=1 Ruined Treasures in Babylon Await an Iraq Without Fighting BY: JEFFREY GETTLEMAN This article talks about how the ruins of Babylon's legendary buildings- including the Tower of Babel, Ishtar Gate, and the Hanging Gardens- have been disturbed by looters and US military. Plans to revive Babylon's ruins have been made along with tourist attractions and discovering the secrets of the ancient civilization that lie in what is left of the ruins. Tower of Babel Then: Now: Location is a specific place on Earth. In the article relative location was demonstrated by stating that the ruins of Babylon are about 60 miles south of Baghdad. Place is what an area is like regarding culture and physical features. Since the city of Babylon was built with mud bricks because of the lack of stone we, can assume that Babylonia wasn't rich in many minerals. Region is an area united by common characteristics or a goal. The article demonstrates a functional region because all of the people that are working hard to restore the ancient civilization are united by a common purpose. Movement is the transfer of goods, services, people, and ideas from one place to another. An example from the reading is that looters took priceless artifacts from countless historic sites and were selling them on eBay, so they ended up all over the world. Human-environmental interaction is the study of how people depend, rely, and adapt to their environment. In the article they mention that oil is the leading industry of Iraq. This shows that they depend on their environment to give them oil, so they can provide for themselves.
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