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fungi, plants, and animals

virtual zoo

danielle simmons

on 12 May 2010

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Transcript of fungi, plants, and animals

Double click anywhere & add an idea KINGDOM FUNGI PHYLUM ZYGOMYCOTA PHYLUM ASCOMYCOTA PHYLUM BASIDIOMYCOTA common mold live in soil, and
decaying plant or
animal material it spreads over the surface
of bread or other foods
sending hyphae in to absorb
nutrients. the zygomycota is usually placed
near the base of the
fungal phylogenic tree, having diverged
from other fungi after chytrids. some disperse their spores in a more percise
manner than simply allowing them
to drift aimlessly in air currents. fungi lives everywhere! some are microscopic, and some are so
big that they extend thousand of acres fungi is so important that the type of fungi in the soil determine the type of plant that will grow there. largest phyla includes yeast accounts for 75% of all fungi it is within the ascus that nuclear fusion and meiosis take place. It includes most of the fungi that
combine with algae to form lichens contains about 30,000 described species the most familiar Basidiomycota
are the ones that produce mushrooms,
which are sexual reproductive structures. it has a huge impact on human affairs and
ecosystem functioning. Many obtain nutrition by
decaying dead organic matter, including wood and leaf litter plants mosses bryophytes ferns cone-bearing plants
Gymnosperms flowering plants
angiosperms multicellular eukaryotes cell wall made of cellulose autotrophic Plants provide nourishment for
our bodies. they give us fresh air one of the early plants one of the early plants plants need sun, water, minerals,
and gas exchange depend on water no seeds, and not vascular sphagnum moss is an example three phylums:
anthocerophyta main three kinds are
mosses, liverworts, and
hornworts seedless vascular plants have water transport, so they are tall low to the
ground have tracheids, which are what
pulls the water up tp the top club moss is an example the first plant to develop
vascular tissue three phylums:
pterophyta most sucessful does not need a lot of water
to live the naked seed most common in phylum coniferophyta most common type is evergreen SEED PLANT seed plants all members of anthophyta develop unigue reproduction organs enclosed seeds flowers animal kingdom phylum porifera phylum cnidarian phylum platyhelminthes phylum nematoda phylum annelida phylum mollusca phylum arthropoda phylum echinodermata phylum chordata simplest phylum animals carry out life function invertebrates and vertebrates all animals poop multicellular eukaryotes heterotrophs lack a cell wall has holes sponge no head filter feeders no symmetry sexual and asexual jelly fish radial symmetry live in water sexual and asexual stinging cells soft bodied simple tapeworms bilaterial symmetry flat and thin head has a group of nerve cells that control hermaphrodites have eyespots round worms some are free living no internal transport system exchange gas through skin can detect chemicals given off by prey reproduce sexually leeches closed circulatory system breathe through skin reproduce sexually some are hermaphrodites vessels to carry blood through body snails, slugs soft-bodied hard teeth and jaws to eat with nervous system varies reproduce sexually some are hermaphrodites mammals veterbrates active animals bilateral symmetry have nerve cords spiders bilateral symmetry more than two cell layers Nervous system includes a brain and ganglia. sexual reproduction star fish 5 rayed symmetry more than two celll layers has an anus no head sexual reproduction humans
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