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Grace Eastridge

on 27 January 2015

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Transcript of Chemistry

Analytical Chemistry
Analytical chemistry is the science of obtaining, processing, and communicating information about composition and structure and matter. In other words, it is the art and science of what matter is and how much it exist.
Physical Chemistry
Physical chemistry is the study of how matter behaves on a molecular and atomic level and how chemical reactions occur. Based on their analyses, physical chemists may develop new theories, such as how complex structures are formed. Physical chemists often work closely with materials scientists to research and develop potential uses for new materials.
All the chemicals in average waste are not the cause of the majority of environmental problems the world faces today, such as climate change and water pollution. Humans may be the main cause of that. Chemicals may help more than they hurt. Research in biological sciences and chemistry has revealed that industrial processes in chemistry and petrochemicals could play a role in developing solutions to environmental problems such as climate change, waste management, recycling, and energy efficiency – just to name a few.
The number of medical achievements that the science of chemistry has infulenced is enough to amaze anyone really. Without its help, the horrible disease that was small pox, wouldn't have been eradicated from existence. The genius, Bill Gates belives scientists can obliterate four different dieases at the least in the next fifteen years. For this reason, chemistry is arguably the most important science.
What is it?
The periodic table is a chart that arranges the chemical elements in a useful and logical manner. elements are listed in order of increasing atomic number, lined up so that elements which exhibit similar properties are arranged in the same row or column as each other. The Periodic Table is one of the most useful tools of chemistry and the other sciences.
The Five Main Fields of Chemistry
The Periodic Tables of Elements
Organic Chemistry
Inorganic Chemistry
Biochemistry is the study of the structure, composition, and chemical reactions of subtances in living systems. Biochemistry emerged as a separate discipline when scientists combined biology with organic, inorganic, and physical chemistry and began to study how living things obtain energy from food, the chemical basis of heredity, what fundamental changes occur in disease, and related issues. Biochemistry includes the sciences of molecular biology, immunochemistry, and neurochemistry, as well as bioinorganic, bioorganic, and biophysical chemistry
Organic chemistry is the study of
sturucture, properties, composition,
reactions and preperation of carbon-contaning compounds, which include not only hydrocarbons but also compounds with any number of other elements, including hydrogen (most compounds contain at least one carbon–hydrogen bond), nitrogen, oxygen, halogens, phosphorus, silicon, and sulfur.

Inorganic chemistry is concerned with the properties and behavior of inorganic compounds, which include metals, minerals, and organometallic compounds. While organic chemistry is defined as the study of carbon-containing compounds and inorganic chemistry is the study of the remaining subset of compounds other than organic compounds, there is overlap between the two fields (such as organometallic compounds, which usually contain a metal or metalloid bonded directly to carbon).
The Importance of Chemistry
What is Chemistry?
The dictionary definition of chemistry is; The branch of science that deals with the identification of the substances of which matter is composed; The investigation of their properties and the ways in which they interact, combine, and change; And the use of these processes to form new substances.

41 Niobium Nb
42 Molybdenum Mo
43 Technetium Tc
44 Ruthenium Ru
45 Rhodium Rh
46 Palladium Pd
47 Silver Ag
48 Cadmium Cd
49 Indium In
50 Tin Sn
51 Antimony Sb
52 Tellurium Te
53 Iodine I
54 Xenon Xe
55 Cesium Cs
56 Barium Ba
57 Lanthanum La
58 Cerium Ce
59 Praseodymium Pr
60 Neodymium Nd
61 Promethium Pm
62 Samarium Sm
63 Europium Eu
64 Gadolinium Gd
65 Terbium Tb
66 Dysprosium D
67 Holmium Ho
68 Erbium Er
69 Thulium Tm
70 Ytterbium Yb
71 Lutetium Lu
72 Hafnium Hf
73 Tant
93 Neptunium Np
94 Plutonium Pu
95 Americium Am
96 Curium Cm
97 Berkelium Bk
98 Californium Cf
99 Einsteinium Es
100 Fermium Fm
101 Mendelevium Md
102 Nobelium No
103 Lawrencium Lr
104 Rutherfordium Rf
105 Dubnium Db
106 Seaborgium Sg
107 Bohrium Bh
108 Hassium Hs
109 Meitnerium Mt
110 Darmstadtium Ds
111 Roentgenium Rg
112 Copernicium Cn
113 Ununtrium Uut
114 Flerovium Fl
115 Ununpentium Uup
116 Livermorium Lv
117 Ununseptium Uus
118 Ununoctium Uuo
5 Interesting Facts
1. While Dmitri Mendeleev is cited as the
creator of the modern periodic table, his
table was just the first to recive scientific
credibility, it was not the first to table organized by periodic properties.

2. There are 90 elements on the periodic table that occur in nature. The rest are strictly manmade.

3. The main difference between the modern periodic table and Mendeleev's periodic table is that Mendeleev's table arranged the elements in order of increasing atomic weight while the modern table orders the elements by increasing atomic number.

4. There is room for exactly 118 elements. Elements aren't discovered or created in atomic number. Scientists are working on creating and verifiying element 120, which will change the appearence of the table.

5. Most of the elements on the periodic table are metals. The alkali metals, alkaline earths, basic metals, transition metals, lanthanides and actinides all are groups of metals.
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