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Italian Renaissance Theatre
Transcript of Italian Renaissance Theatre
Theatre II Pre-DP
Period: 6 Perspective Perspective Senary The Stage Floor The famous Teatro Olimpico in Vicenza, Italy, the oldest existing theatre in Europe. This theatre was designed by the Italian architect Andrea Palladio. (Opened in 1585) pairs of rectangular panels connected in the shape of an L (angled wings) were being arranged at uniform intervals along each side of the stage -was angled upward toward the vanishing point of the backdrop
The Renaissance Italianate staging in the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries: Italian Renaissance Theatre The first known use of perspective in a theatre setting, dates back to the early Italian Renaissance. (1508) Three-dimensional:
-greater depth -allowed the wing units to serve the same function as medieval mansions 1) single-point perspective, calculated from the back of the house
2) scenery – consisted of a series of wings / flats image in text
3) scenery was behind the proscenium arch – a background for action
4) "raked" stage – higher in back (UP-stage), tilting down to the front (DOWN-stage) – to increase the sense of depth – although sometimes the acting area was level
5) overhead rigging and machinery – hidden by border flats
6) proscenium arch, or several, made for a framed picture.
-candles and oil lamps
-chandeliers over the house and stage
-candles behind proscenium arch and as footlights and behind wings
-little effective control, though "dimmers" were used (link to Old Lighting instruments) Artificial lighting: (hence the modern designation of “upstage,” meaning away from the audience, and “downstage,” meaning toward the audience). Ballet Ballet originates from the Italian Renaissance courts. Classic Ballet Around 1300 (had beginnings in 1200’s) the Renaissance, founded primarily in Italy.
Renaissance = rebirth.
There were new ideas, based on classical teachings.
By the 16th century, the Renaissance had permeated most of European thought. The Major Renaissance contributions to the Theatre: -Neoclassical ideal in playwriting and criticism
-Italianate staging and architecture
-Commedia dell’Arte Commedia dell'Arte Bibiliography http://novaonline.nvcc.edu/eli/spd130et/neocitaly.htm http://nsatheatreclass14.blogspot.com/2012/03/renaissance-in-italian-theatre.html https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1Qo39IDQli8ZHxQU_zLirlAbrt_1eV4qnZ1Tzw4BBq_k/embed?hl=en&size=l#slide=id.p14 www.youtube.com/watch?v=U0kpViJDLK8 italianrenaissancetheatre.weebly.com