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Simple, Compound, Complex sentences,
Transcript of Simple, Compound, Complex sentences,
Dependent and Independent Clauses
What is a
-Contains a single or compound subject, and a single or compound verb
-Simple sentences generally express a single idea
-Also known as an independent clause
A compound sentence is a sentence made up of
two independent clauses
held together by a
- A complex sentence is a sentence made up of an
least one dependent clause.
-Only if the sentence begins with the dependent clause, use a
- Always contains a
There are 2 main types of clauses
Answer these questions correctly and you might get a prize!
By Katherine, Ashley, Allen and Marco
Kathy fell down the stairs.
Subject is Kathy
Verb is "to fall"
This sentence expresses a single idea that Kathy fell down the stairs
Kathy and Amy ran away
Compound Subject is Kathy and Amy
Verb is "to run"
Expresses the single idea that Kathy and Amy ran away.
What are relative pronouns and Subordinators?
-Subordinators and relative pronouns are words that
the independent and dependent clauses together.
Jamie bought his dog,
he took it out for a walk.
Although pets are expensive,
Cheryl bought herself a cat
which left her without money
What is a coordinator?
A coordinator is a word that links two sentences, words, or
For, and, nor, but, or, yet, so,
are the 7 coodinators. The first letter of each one spells out
Megan cut the wood.
Ryan stacked the wood.
Megan cut the wood
Ryan stacked the wood.
I tried to speak spanish, but Karen only spoke French.
I tried to speak Spanish
Karen only spoke French.
A dependent clause are made up of a noun and a verb but do not express a complete idea. They are basically a subordinator plus an independent clause.
Which made Carol sad.
Does not express a full idea.
Independent clauses are made up of a subject and a verb
Independent clauses express a complete idea
Aaron ate cheese.
Expresses a complete idea
What is the Difference between a clause and a phrase?
is a bunch of words with a subject is associated with the verb.
is a bunch of words without a subject.
Santa "Clause" is Coming to town
Jumping around with Ben.
I was jumping around with Ben.
No subject, Is a phrase
Subject "I" is jumping. This is an independent Clause
The 7 coordinating conjunctions are: For, And, Not, But, Or, Yet, So.
False! The coordinating conjunctions are: For, And, Not, But, Or, Yet, So.
Example with more than one dependent Clause
Question 2: True or False?
Indefinite Clauses are basically simple sentences.
Question 1: True or False?
clauses are simple sentences.
Question 3: True or False?
Every sentence has an independent Clause.
True! All sentences contain at least one independent clause.
Question 4: Is this sentence correct?
Henry could not concentrate, because he was hungry.
This sentence is INCORRECT because the since this sentence starts with an independent clause, There should not be a comma before the word "because"
What is a subordinator? List 5 examples
Can you start a sentence with "because"? Why or Why not?
Yes, you can start a sentence with "because" because it is a subordinator. You may not start a sentence with a Co-ordinator.
Question 7: Is this sentence a simple, compound, or complex sentence?
Henry went to the mall to eat dinner.
It is a simple sentence because it contains a co-ordinator. it would be a complex sentence if it had a subordinator.
Question 8 Change this sentence into a compound sentence
Henry finished his dinner. Marco forgot his wallet.
Marco finished his dinner +
( , FANBOYS)
he forgot his wallet.
Question 9: How can you turn this sentence into a complex sentence?
Ashley noticed that Henry forgot his wallet, but Ashley did not pay for him.
Ashley noticed that Henry forgot his wallet +(subordinator) Ashley did not pay for him.
Question 10: is this a Clause or a phrase?
Paying for Henry's Dinner.
This is a phrase.
Fill in the song lyrics
A _____ is a ______ of _________ words containing a ________ and a _______.
Answer: Bonus Question