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Transcript of Japanese Americans
Persons who became troublesome were sent to a special camp at Tule Lake, California, where dissidents were housed.
Is this similar to what happened to the Native Americans in the 1830s? Relocation Centers All who came from a Japanese background was now the enemy
People were scared and so was the government.
President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 on February 19, 1942
Japanese Americans are now being forced and legally moved to a “relocation camp” Effects of the Attack Sted Sibri Japanese Americans
in WWII Officially, the government declared the forced relocation necessary for Japanese American’s own safety.
Unofficially, they were now the enemy.
“If we were put there for our protection, why were the guns at the guard towers pointed inward, instead of outward?" Injustice or Safety? Japanese Americans were moved to what the government called relocation centers.
Many people considered them as concentration camps.
It affected over120,000 people; two thirds of these people were Americans. Executive Order 9066 After December 7, 1941 American was on full alert. The attack on Pearl Harbor changed the way Americans viewed the people who were behind the attack: Japan. What Occurred? These camps were located in places like California, Arizona, Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho, Utah, Arkansas. Niihau Incident Shigenori Nishikaichi Airman 1st Class
Zero fighter escorting a group of bombers
Fuel tank got hit and he needed to find a place to land
He was given orders to land in Niihau.
On his way down his plan got entangled in a wire fence Niihau Incident (Losing Trust in the Japanese Americans) The plane crashed nose-first to the ground.
A resident, Kaleohano, helped him out of the ruckus and took his papers and gun.
Even though they knew the relationship between American and Japan they still gave him hospitality and even threw him a party Yoshio Harada, a U.S citizen, took care of him.
Nishikaichi told Harada everything; Harada told no one.
Yoshio was now convinced to swear his allegiance to his heritage, Japan.
On December 12, Nishikaichi and Yoshio obtained guns and captured a small group of residents demanding for Kaleohano and Nishikaichi's papers.
A hostage, Ben Kanahele, rushed Harada.
Harada turned his gun to his gut and shot himself.
"likelihood that Japanese residents previously believed loyal to the United States may aid Japan. Actions of One Man Lead to Imprisonment of Over 120,000 Japanese Americans had become public enemy number one. Segregation of all people of Japanese descent had taken place. The president authorized the Executive order and made sure of that. We had our own concentration camps in the U.S. Concentration Camps or Relocation Centers? A concentration camp is a place where people are imprisoned not because of any crimes they have committed, but simply because of who they are. Our camps were not as brutal as Nazi concentartion camps and had no millions of deaths, but we had an everlasting affect. Relocation usually refers to helping people move to a safe and secure location not for them to be locked away filled with security. For example, flood and earthquake victims are evacuated and relocated, but not sent to prisons. Japanese Americans were being forced to "relocate" to a prison. "I'm for catching every Japanese in America, Alaska, and Hawaii now and putting them in concentration camps. . . . Damn them! Let's get rid of them now!"
- CONGRESSMAN JOHN RANKIN, Congressional record, December 15, 1941 "I have made a lot of mistakes in my life. . . . One is my part in the evacuation of the Japanese from California in 1942. . . . I don't think that served any purpose at all. . . . We picked them up and put them in concentration camps. That's the truth of the matter. And as I look back on it--although at the time I argued the case--I am amazed that the Supreme Court ever approved it."
- TOM CLARK, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, San Diego Union, July 10, 1966. No Rights For Japanese Americans Happy Ending? Many people say this was unconstitutional and taking away the rights of Japanese Americans. After The End of the War Segregation of Japanese Americans Right to a speedy and public trial.
Freedom of Speech
Right to assemble
Right to petition (right to make a complaint to, or seek the assistance of, one's government, without fear of punishment or reprisal) End of relocation centers : February 1942-1945 1939 - 1945 In 1988, Congress passed and President Ronald Reagan signed legislation that apologized for the internment on behalf of the U.S. government. The legislation said that government actions were based on "race prejudice, war hysteria, and a failure of political leadership". The U.S. government eventually disbursed more than $1.6 billion in reparations to Japanese Americans who had been interned and their heirs.