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Shiao Hua Wong

on 20 October 2014

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Transcript of illustration

Style and Technique
Illustration is a important media to tell a story and simplify a complicate text . It have been widely use for business to booth up their sale and attract other people attention .

Beginning of this essay will be briefly go though about the history and evolution about illustration, technique, style of illustration and career that offer by illustration.

There have 4 section in this essay which is introducing illustrator and artist ,briefly explain about their style , technique ,and influence. Following by comparison section. Lastly is comment from other artist about their illustration style .

What is illustration?
Illustration is image or graphic that create or make by artist and illustrator , such as sketch , drawing , photograph or other kind of image.

The word illustration come from Latin word "illustra'tio" which mean enlighten, irradiate.

Marcia Rackow to Beatrix Potter
Lewis Carroll to John Tenniel
Nick Park to Hayao Miyazaki
Wong Shiao Hua
20 october 2014

History and evolution of illustration
Start from Cave painting around 40 000 year ago, follow by modern book illustration that using wood block.

Briefly explain about technique that use in 16-17 century - engraving & etching, the golden age of the illustration which is end of 18 century and beginning of 19 century .

The revolution period of illustration which is in 18 century by thomas bewick and invention of lithography that invented by Alois senefelder.

Technique and style of illustration
In this essay will just go though some technique such as woodblock , pen-and-Ink Illustration,sumi-E, woodcut, digital illustration using software such as Adobe Photoshop and Adobe Illustrator.

Style will be discuss in the essay will be more on line , manga , pop , animation , realistic , natural , conceptual , portrait and cartoon & humour.
Type of illustration
There have few type of illustration that common use in our life

Educational “info graphic ” , such as scientific textbook
Literary , such as picture book for children
Fantasy game and illustration book
Media such as magazines, periodicals, newspapers
commercial such as advertising posters, point of sale, product packaging
Entertainment such as comic book and animation
As supplementary material in teaching foreign language

Even though there have many career that can include illustration , but I will more focus on illustrator , multimedia artist and animator , and comic book artist .

Introduction of illustrator and artist
Arthur Rackham
John Tenniel
Beatrix Potter
Kevin Henkes
John Bolton
John Romita , JR
Hayao Miyazaki
Nick Park

Style and technique that each person use are different , I believe that growing up in different environment is one of the big issue that affect their style.
These is the list of illustrator and artist I have interest in . From Arthur Rackham , one of the leading illustrator of the golden age , follow by the literary illustrator such as Beatrix Potter and Kevin Henkes , and comic book artist John Bolton and John Romita, JR . Lastly is Hayao Miyazaki and Nick Park , these two are my favorite person .
Comparison and sharing
there have 3 subcategories of comparison and sharing .
Compare the style of Marvel comic book and literary illustration book
The similarity style of Hayao Miyazaki and Arthur Rackham
Comparison between John Tenniel and Beatrix Potter
Comment from other people
Lewis Carroll comment about John Tenniel
Marcia Rackow comment about Beatrix Potter
Nick Park comment about Hayao Miyazaki
[It is the] extraordinary mixture of reality and fantasy which is part of the charm of Beatrix Potter's stories ....[Her] approach to fairy tales was a realistic one — yet she never lost her sense of mystery.[4]

"I'm not anti-technology, but he does remind you of the importance of the artist's hand, and a certain charm comes through in his work. His love of the art is there – and it's attractive, not mathematical. He has taken care about every shot and is enjoying the animation. Miyazaki is not afraid of wide-open spaces with nothing happening and wind in the clouds. This is refreshingly different from the Hollywood model and takes you to a different place inside yourself."
"Mr. Tenniel is the only artist, who has drawn for me, who has resolutely refused to use a model, and declared he no more needed one than I should need a multiplication table to work a mathematical problem! I venture to think that he was mistaken and that for want of a model, he drew several pictures of "Alice" entirely out of proportion - head decidedly too large and feet decidedly too small." [3]

Marvel comic and literary illustration book
Marvel comic is more focusing on superhero style , so everything are clear , the contrast the color are very strong and there will have some emphasize on the superhero figure and expression .

For the literary illustration book, the style are more soft and always using animal as character to attract reader attention such as the work from Kevin Henkes and Beatrix Potter.
I've always been a big fan of Rupert the Bear, which frequently had unexpected references to Japanese culture; there is a lot of origami and Japanese towers - pagodas - in the woods where Rupert has his adventures. One character is a little Japanese girl whose father is a magician. I don't know if Miyazaki is aware of Rupert the Bear, but there are strong parallels. The frightening characters of Spirited Away are reminiscent of the kind of creatures Rupert would bump into in the woods, such as Raggady, the stick monster. Arthur Rackham's illustrations have a similar quality. Somehow, children's book illustrations from England and Japanese cartoons have influenced one another.[2]

Nick Park
The Guardian, Friday 1 August 2003
The similarity style of Hayao Miyazaki and Arthur Rackham
Both of them are illustrator , and love to featuring animal . some of the work that done by Beatrix Potter was influence by style of John Tenniel .

The difference between them are john tenniel is more focus on political cartoon(punch magazine) and Beatrix Potter are more on literary field.

Comparison between John Tenniel and Beatrix Potter
The reason I search for the author , and illustrator of the illustration rather than straightly go into the style of illustration is because I can learn much more from their experience on how to use the technique and style .

The much i research about I realize that somehow they are link together , learn from each other, and the fundamental skill of illustration , sketching is very important .

Practice make perfect , gather all the research of different style of artist and illustrator, and start practice.
Arthur Rackham
Robust pen and India ink drawing
Monotone illustration
Color illustration
Silhouette cut
John Tenniel
Sketch with pencil then transfer to woodblock
Beatrix Potter
Aesthetic realism
Good in featuring animal

John Bolton
Realistic style
Good in horror and fantasy work

Hayao Miyazaki
Hand drawing , later transfer into 2D animation
His animation more on literary and fantastic
Nick Park
Stop motion graphic
Clay animation
1) Mitchel Gloria, (1997-2014) "Meet the writer image of Kevin Henkes"

2) Park Nick, The Guardian (2003)"Shinto Daydream"

3) "Lenny Alice in the wonderland site"

4) Judy Taylor, et al., Beatrix Potter 1866-1943, The Artist and Her World (London: Frederick Warne & Co., 1987) pp. 117, 64. 

5) Paul MacInnes , The Guardian (2014)"Hayao Miyazaki : His final bow "
Kevin Henkes
Sensitive Funny and humor

In a review of Chrysanthemum, Kirkus Reviews noted: "Henkes's language and humor are impeccably fresh, his cozy illustrations sensitive and funny, his little asides to adults an unobtrusive delight." [1]

Always use animal character
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