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East India Company
Transcript of East India Company
One of the world's first corporations
Queen Elizabeth I granted a charter giving The East India the power to monopolize trade with the East Indies
Established settlements with their own military
Settlements were factories as well as military forts
Brought more power and wealth to England
British East India Company
Short Clip on the East India Co.
Exploiting Indian Diversity
British were able to conquer India by taking advantage of their diversity
Indian ruled by Muslim Maghals
India was/is home to many peoples and cultures which fragmented India and Maghals in power couldn't unite them
Indians not able to unite against colonizing countries such as Portugal and England
Motives and Spread of Imperialism in India
Economic Interest in India
Natural and raw resources such as cotton, tea, spices, and even opium etc.
East India Company wanted wealth
Political and Military Motives
bases to supply merchant ships
Global empire= prestige
added to National Security
Duty to spread western medicine, law, and Christian Religion
European races "superior"
Domination of "weaker" races natures way of improving human race
Motives of Imperialism in India
Indirect Rule: They used local rulers such as Sultans, chiefs or local rulers
This helped groom natives into "Westernized" civilians
Resorted to Military force if control over colony (sphere of influence) was threatened.
East India Co. (indirect rule) improved roads, preserved peace, reduced banditry
Introduced western education, legal system, technology and Christianity
British Imperial Rule of India
Indians have growing resentment for British Rule for many reasons
Disrespect for Indian customs and religions and forced Christian convertions
Gun cartridges greased with cow/pig fat and they had to bite them off to get them to work
Sepoys made to serve overseas
Hindu widows allowed to remarry
Discontent leads to Sepoy Rebellion of 1857
Growing Discontent leads to Direct Rule
Sepoy rise up against British officers
Sepoys brutally massacred British men, women, and children
British crushed the revolt and took terrible revenge for their losses
They torched entire villages and slaughtered thousands of Indians
The Sepoy Rebellion
Impact of Sepoy Rebellion
British and Indians held fear, hatred and mistrust towards each other
1858 British ended the rule of the East India Company on India
Britain put India directly under the British Crown Rule
After 1858 India became an official colony of Britain
10th Grade World History:
Explain British imperialism of India from two perspectives
What were the motives for Imperial expansion? What were the methods?
Historical Thinking Skill
Francis Hayman "Lord Clide meeting with Mir Jafar after the Battle of Plassey 1757
In class Warm- Up
What do you think guys #1 and #2 are saying to each other
(small causes generate larger consquence)
(causes for colonizing)
(Large scale causes)
Lets quickly review what we just learned
Foreshadow the consequences of direct British Rule in India
To be continued "The Raj Era"....
News Report Project
Indians who joined the British Army (East India Company's army)
(major consequence of rebellion)
Imagine that there were televisions in the 1800’s and you were able to witness events occurring as they happen. What would you see on TV if you (pretend you are an Indian) were watching an Indian network chronicle British control on your country? What would you see on the news if you were watching the same event being broadcast, except by a British journalist? In this assignment you will conjure up an illustration that depicts a certain event (big or small) occurring in India at the time when the East India Company was gaining control and how that event led to Britain officially colonizing India.
How to make this poster:
Step 1: Brain Storm: What were some of the actions British took in India? How did Indians react? Did Indians revolt? Did their Revolts provoke British? How did the British react? Use your notes
Step2: Make a rough Draft of your poster. Use the back of this sheet. No illustrations needed, just captions (words) for this step.
1. What is your breaking news?
2 .Who is reacting to what? How are they reacting?
3. What are the consequences to these events?
Step3. Get your rough draft approved by me and begin to work with your assigned group.
Identify how events caused other events