Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Metaphor

What is metaphor? Everyday metaphors and Personification.
by

Curve Learn.com

on 4 February 2018

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Metaphor

it's a
metaphor

Have you ever
had a
day
when
you
were
really
ON FIRE?

Did you
end up in hospital?

Or was it one of those AMAZING days where everything you did turned
out
PERFECTLY
?
maybe you
n't
really
people use
metaphors
a lot
often without thinking about it
A way of
putting a
picture or
an idea in
someone
else's head
('putting a picture in
someone's head' is
also a metaphor)
...not literally.
Don't panic!
I'm not really
on fire!
He's very switched on
skyscrapers
bright student
dimwit
prices are rising
a dirty trick
here are some more
metaphors
...
These are called
'
dead metaphors
' or '
conventional metaphors
'
she's a
doll
...a dog
...a pig
...an angel
We call these
conventional metaphors
: the
meaning is obvious and it's
old
. No one knows
who first used it.
pig = greedy, rolls around in dirt, gross
NOT 'lovely pink skin' or 'clever'
sloth = lazy or slow
NOT 'cute and fluffy'
you might have
noticed that a lot
of insults are
metaphors
which compare
people to animals

old goat
pig
sloth
snake
beast
loanshark
cow
bullish
weasel
mouse
louse
rat
bird
whale
like a lightbulb?
so light you can see her
from outer space?
brains dull, need brightening?
Like a hot air balloon?
buildings so big they put holes in the sky
covered in mud?
personification
is a type of metaphor
where animals or objects
are given human qualities
table legs
armchair
head of the table
foot of the bed
sunlight
danced
on the water
night
crept
over the earth
the wind
whistled
through the trees
body parts
actions
emotions
the storm
raged, furiously
the trees
clustered fearfully together
soft, inviting
sands
Personification
is very similar to
Anthropomorphism
In this, animals are given human qualities, usually in children's cartoons or stories
oh, and those people who think their pets are people
Think Beatrix Potter, Walt Disney, Aesop (Aesop's Fables, the hare and the tortoise, etc) and the child having a screaming fit because someone
pulled the arm off their teddy bear.
'The world is grown so bad that wrens make prey where eagles dare not perch' (Richard III)
'the smallest worm will turn,
being trodden on' (Henry III)
this gives us the phrase
the worm has turned
Shakespeare
had a go at using
personification...
and
some
metaphors
are very old

'I'm
on fire
'

comes from a time when
fire was very important, starting one was difficult and
AMAZING
when you managed it
you might have heard
'he's a pawn in my plan'
This comes from CHESS,
a
pawn
is a small piece,
which the player can afford
to lose or sacrifice for a
bigger reward
Cannon fodder
(fodder= animal feed, large numbers of tiny grains)
cannon fodder = low-ranking soldiers, 'fed' to cannons (i.e. killed by cannon fire) in large numbers.
This
metaphor
continued to be used long after cannons were scrapped. In World War I, low-ranking soldiers were used as
cannon fodder
for machine guns. Like
the pawns
, they were treated like small, worthless pieces in a larger game.
you might have heard of
the Grim Reaper
, but have
no idea of what
reaping
is
reaping
= cutting down or harvesting wheat
(not with scissors), but with a
scythe
...
this is a scythe
(the
blade
, attached to the biro is VERY sharp... trust me).
The
Grim Reaper
does not
harvest wheat, he harvests
people. The Grim Reaper =
the
personification
of
Death.
Reaping = harvesting
Other abstract ideas are
personified in a similar way
Time
waits for no man
Fortune
favours the bold
A worshipper of
Beauty
old
metaphor
led on
leading up to
leading in
new
metaphor
bright lights
glittering cast
in the driving seat
new(ish)
metaphor
the driver controls where to go in a horse and carriage or a CAR
this comes from leading a horse on a rope
not candlelight but the glamour and
brilliance of electric light
in control, in charge
a moth to a flame
This
metaphor
describes a
dangerous fascination
.
is from a time where candlelight was common. Moths were drawn to the light
getting so close many were burned.
remember me?
and these other examples of
personification
?
well, there's more...
Both of Shakespeare's
metaphors
:
wrens taking the place of eagles
and the lowly worm that turns
and fights, describe something
turned upside down...

if you want to learn
more about
the MAGICAL
world of
metaphors
, see
like this!
Metaphor II
let's recap what
we've learned

a
metaphor
is

for example...
a lot of insults are
metaphors
his girlfriend
is such
describing
people
as
dogs
is the opposite of

and
the END
Full transcript