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Point of View
Transcript of Point of View
A sentence in this point of view can be, "We went to the movies last night, and I even got a pass for a free ticket."
Elements of Fiction
Theme is the main idea or the underlying meaning of a story.
For example one theme of
The Fault in Our Stars
was that love triumphs all hardships.
Point of View
Point of View is a specified or stated manner of consideration or a standpoint in a situation.
Irony is the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning.
Second person is the point of view of a person used by a speaker referring to the others to whom he or she is speaking: in English you is a second person pronoun.
An example of this is a sentence such as "You are walking in the forest alone when you hear a loud noise".
Third person is the point of view in which the person is used by the speaker of an utterance by referring to anything or anyone other than the speaker or the ones being addressed.
An example sentence is, "She wanted to go to the amusement park, but no one else was free".
Third Person Omniscient
Third Person Limited
Third person omniscient is a method of storytelling in which the narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of all of the characters in the story.
An example can be, "On the first day of school, she felt awkward in her new clothes, but everyone around her was feeling the same."
Third person limited, as opposed to third person omniscient, adheres closely to one character's perspective, rather than of all of them.
An example sentence is, "The boy walked home, slightly nervous to his test the next day".
Protagonist vs. Antagonist
The protagonist is the leading character or hero of a drama or other literary work, while the antagonist is the person who is opposed to, struggles against, or competes with another; usually the antagonist.
For example, in the new Disney movie
the protagonist is Ana, and the antagonist is Hans.
Plot is the storyline and main events of a written work, for example a movie or a novel.
An example of a plot is the events that take place to Jonas in
Dramatic irony is a form of irony that is inherent in speeches or a situation of a drama and is understood by the audience, but has not yet been grasped by the characters in the play.
An example of dramatic irony is knowing that when watching a horror movie, the character who enters a warehouse is in danger.
An example of irony is the fact that the Titanic was pronounced unsinkable, but in 1912 sank.
Situational irony is irony involving a situation in which actions have an effect that is opposite from what was intended, so that the outcome is contrary to what was expected.
An example of situational irony is a traffic cop getting suspended for unpaid tickets.
Verbal irony is when a person says one thing, but has underlying intentions of meaning another.
An example of verbal irony is "pleasant like surgery".
The narrator is the person who tells a story. They are in all points of view; first person, second person, and third person. For example, in
the story's narrator is Jonas.
Imagery is the formation of mental images, figures, or likenesses of things. An example of imagery is "The ocean waves kissed the sandy shore."
Symbolism is representing a meaning through the use of symbols, or something regarded as meaning something else.
An example is the color blue standing for sadness.
Utopia vs. Dystopia
Utopias are ideally perfect places with hopeful outlooks to the future. Dystopias on the other had represent a pessimistic view of the future in a utopia that has gone wrong.
An example of a utopia is the biblical representation of Heaven. A dystopia could be Panem in
The Hunger Games.
Science fiction is a sub-genre of fiction based on advances in future science and technology with many social changes.
An example of science fiction is the movie
Mood is a state of quality or feeling at a certain moment or period of time.
An example of mood is upset.
Tone is a certain quality of sounding, or emphasis of the voice that is expressive of some meaning, feeling, and/or spirit. Tone usually sets the mood and attitude of a work.
One example of tone is from the work
The Catcher in the Rye;
"People will never believe you." This sets the tone as slightly barbaric; with a brutal outlook towards life.
Novel vs. Novella
A novel is a fictional piece of writing that is the length of a book, containing complex plots, characters, and conflicts. An example of a novel is
To Kill a Mockingbird
. A novella is also a fictional work that is longer than a short story but shorter than a novel. It usually contains more simplistic characters, less complex plots, and has a more so serious tone. An example of a novella is
The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde.
Parallel structures are used in grammar. To be grammatically correct, someone must use the same verb tense throughout the sentence in a parallel structure.
For example, in the sentence, "Jessica like running, jumping, and skipping," parallel structures are being used correctly
By Hannah Soden, Hailey Strohl, and Natalie Ryba