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Transcript of Hodgkin's Disease
The latest technology for Hodgkin's disease included lymph node biopsy, X-Rays, computed axial tomography scans (CAT), positron emission tomography scans (PET), magnetic resonance imaging scans (MRI), bone marrow aspiration, immunophenotyping, and pulmonary function test.
All of those can be used to diagnose and check up on Hodgkin's disease.
The most common symptom is enlargement of one or more lymph nodes, causing a lump or bump under the skin which is usually painless. Lymph nodes are all over the body, so it can start and be found anywhere, but the most common places are the chest, neck, and arms.
Other symptoms include a fever that won't go away, night sweats, unexplained weight loss, and severe or constant itching.
Treatment options depend on the extent of cancer, results of blood test, general health, age, and medical history.
If there is only one lymph node infected and it is not bulky, the disease is favorable. Patients will most likely be treated with chemotherapy, followed by field radiation to the site of the disease, or chemotherapy can be used on it's own. If neither of those work, different drugs or high doses of chemotherapy may be used, followed by a stem cell transplant.
If there are multiple infected lymph nodes and all or some are bulky, the disease is unfavorable. Treatment is the same as a favorable, except the chemotherapy is more intense and field radiation is given to the sites of the bulky tumors.
Hodgkin's Disease Cancer Center
HIV infection is known to increase risk of Hodgkin's disease, so limit your risk by avoiding known risk factors of HIV.
Since that is the only major risk factor, it is not possible to prevent most causes of Hodgkin's disease. There are no standardized screening tests that have been shown to detect Hodgkin's disease.
The 5 year survival rate of Hodgkin's disease depends on what stage the cancer is first diagnosed.
Stage I and II is around 90%.
Stage III is around 80%.
Stage IV is around 65%.
Other factors include bulkiness, age older than 45, high white blood cell count, and low red blood cell count.
What is Hodgkin's Disease?
Hodgkin's disease, also known as Hodgkin lymphoma, is a cancer originating from white blood cells. It was named after Thomas Hodgkin, who first discovered the abnormalities.
It is characterized by the spread of the disease from one lymph node to another and the development of symptoms. A lymph node is an organ of the lymphatic system that holds immunity cells, and filters and traps foreign particles.
Thank you for visiting Gerin's Hodgkin's Disease Cancer Center!