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Chapter 3: Interpersonal communication and Perception

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abigail pardo

on 8 September 2015

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Transcript of Chapter 3: Interpersonal communication and Perception

Understanding Interpersonal Perception
Perception:
the process of experiencing your world and then making sense out of what you experience.

Interpersonal
Perception: process by which you decide what people are like and give meaning to their actions.
Exp: Meeting a foreign person.
Stage 2:
Organizing
Superimpose:
using a framework we are familiar with to interpret information that may, at first, look formless.
Punctuation:
making sense out of information received by organizing, grouping, separating and categorizing the information.
Closure:
filling in missing information or gaps in what we perceive.
Stage 3:
Interpreting
The final stage in perception, in which we assign meaning to what we have observed.

Theories
Impression Formation Theory
Predicted Outcome Value Theory
Implicit Personality Theory
Attribution Theory
Casual Attribution Theory
Standpoint Theory
Intercultural Theory
Impression Formation Theory
We form general impressions of others based on general physical qualities, behaviors, and disclosed information.
Stage 1:
Selecting
Selective Perception
: processing the world around us based on our own 'tastes'.
Selective Attention
: paying attention to one thing and drowning out everything around us.
Selective Exposure
: exposing ourselves in values, beliefs, etc.
Selective Recall
: specific things we want to remember and specific things we choose not to remember.
Thin Slicing
: making a generalization on a person from a small sample of their actions.
Chapter 3: Interpersonal communication and Perception
Exp. Someone waving at you from a distance. So you assume that person is trying to gain your attention.
Predicted Outcome Value Theory
We make predictions about the future of a relationship based on early information we learn.
Implicit Personality Theory
We used personal assumption to draw specific conclusions about someone's personality.
Attribution Theory
We develop reasons to explain the behaviors of others.
Casual Attribution Theory
We ascribe a person's actions to circumstance a stimulus, or the person himself or herself.
Standpoint Theory
We interpret the behavior of others through the lens of our own social position, power, or cultural background.
Intercultural Communication Theory
Our cultural experiences and backgrounds influence how we view the world.
IDENTIFYING BARRIERS TO ACCURATE INTERPERSONAL PERCEPTIONS
Each person sees the world from his own unique perspective.
WE STEREOTYPE
Preconceived notions about what they expect to find may keep people from seeing what's before their eyes and ears.
WE IGNORE INFORMATION
People sometimes don't focus on important information, because they give too much weight to information that is obvious and superficial.
WE IMPOSE CONSISTENCY
People overestimate the consistency and constancy of others' behaviors
WE FOCUS ON THE NEGATIVE
People give more weight to negative information than to positive information.
WE BLAME OTHERS, ASSUMING THEY HAVE CONTROL
People are more likely to believe that others are to blame when things go wrong than to believe that the problem was beyond their control.
WE AVOID RESPONSIBILITY
People are more likely to save face by believing that they are not the cause of a problem.
IMPROVING INTERPERSONAL PERCEPTION SKILLS
BE AWARE OF YOUR PERSONAL PERCEPTION BARRIERS
Work to minimize them as you form impressions of and interact with others.
BE MINFUL OF THE BEHAVIORS
Be conscious of what you are doing, thinking, and seeing at any given moment.
LINK DETAILS WITH THE BIG PICTURE
Skilled perceivers keep the big picture in mind as they look for clues about a person
BECOME AWARE OF OTHERS' PERCEPTIONS OF YOU
CHECK YOUR PERCEPTIONS
Indirect perception checking.
Direct perception checking.
BECOME OTHER-ORIENTED
Understand where others are coming from, to get inside their heads, to see things from their perspective.
Empathizing.
Social decentering.
SIDE: social identity model of deindividuation effects
Full transcript