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Green Stuff

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by

Faizan Sohail

on 20 November 2014

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Transcript of Green Stuff

What is Biomimicry?
Details maybe?
Biomimicry 101
Biomimicry is derived from the Greek words:
Bios ~ Life
Mimesis ~ To imitate
Can you think of some examples?
1903
1960s-1970s
1982
1488
Up Up and Away
If someone else flew first...
Here come the terms
Engineer and Psychiatrist Jack Steele coined the term "Bionics" which essentially meant the science of copying nature
This term was shortly changed to refer to people having electrically operated artificial body parts
All Hail Biomimicry!
The term was first used in an article on proteins and active sites by a Professor from Rice University

Jarvis, you gotta run before you can walk
The Biomimicry Institute was founded in 2005 by Janine Benyus
The Biomimicry Guild Alliance formed in 2008 allowed for the expansion of bio-inspired designs
Robotic Exoskeletons have started to come off the assembly line in mid 2014.

Time line
Leonardo da Vinci was a bird watcher
Observed anatomy and flight patterns of birds for several years
The six million dollar man show in the 1970s redefined the term bionics
Further expanded and popularized in this 1997 book

Emphasized the concept of Nature as a "Model, Measure and Mentor" and how it can help promote sustainability in our daily lives
2000s
Biomimicry and Ecosystems
Nature as Model, Mentor, and Measure
Technology has enabled us to probe to the molecular and mechanistic levels of biology
Nature’s products are produced sustainably
Doing it nature’s way gives the possibility of changing the way we do things
Grow food, make materials, harness energy, heal ourselves
Biomomicry requires innovation and interdisciplinary collaboration
10 Lessons We can learn from nature
Waste as a resource
REGEN Swarm Energy Management
Peak Demand Management (15-25% Reduction)
Consumption Management (10-30% Reduction)
Demand Response (Automates DR participation)
Continuous Commissioning (Isolates inefficiencies and performance issues)
WHALE WHALE WHALE
Flippers increase aerodynamic efficiency
Humpback whales swim in circles to produce nets of bubbles to corral their prey
Bumped edges demonstrate better fluid dynamics than traditionally smooth edges which breaks water up into turbulent vortices
Plane wings and turbines
Over-WHALE-ming Yet?
VELCRO
Medicine
Bullet train
Bullit building
Shark Swimsuit
Opened on Earth Day, 2013 in Seattle
Designed to last 250 years
Net Carbon Neutral
Net Water Neutral
Solar Panels (575)
Mimic leaves:
Absorb energy from sun and distribute.

Mimic Trees:
Canopy to absorb as much energy as possible

Collect enough energy in the summer to power through winter
Connected to grid
Carbon trade within the building
Water
Must use
only the water collected on-site

Underground cistern designed to mimic wetlands:
Collects all the rain-water and purifies it for reuse
currently used for composting toilets, however testing is being conducted for drinking use
¼ of all modern medicines derived directly from plants
Hundreds of thousands other plant species to examine
Chimpanzees protect against pathogens by self-medicating with various plants
Combe National Park, Tanzania
Leaves from any of 3 species of Aspilia
Contains thiarubrine A
Kills harmful bacteria and fungi
Rid intestinal tract of parasitic nematodes
Acts as a stimulant
Applied to industrial antimicrobials and other medications
Travels at 200mph
The Japanese rail system has many tunnels
When a train passes by those tunnels, a cushion of air builds up
As train exists the tunnel, the compressed air expands with a loud sonic boom
Researches studied a bird called Kingfisher. When this bird dives into the water, it makes little or no noise
This diving ability led to a redesign of the train engines which are shaped like the beak of the kingfisher with long, tapered nose
Accidental innovation (1948)
Two sided fastener; one with hooks, the other with soft loops
Multi-million dollar industry
WhalePower wind tunnel tests
Bumped edges had a 32% reduction in drag, and 8% improvement in lift compared to smooth blades
This equates to almost twice the power generated at the same speed of conventional models
Applying this design to wind turbines of all sorts to improve efficiency, safety, and cost effectiveness
Surface of shark skin is covered with tiny teeth called Dermal Denticles
The denticles vary across the shark's body; making the water flow efficient
This reduces the drag and allows the shark to smoothly 'slide' through the sea
By observing the science of their shark skin, Speedo created a swimsuit for their Olympic swimmers
EAST GATE
Economic Benefits
Optimize rather than maximize
Use materials sparingly
Dont draw down resources
Remain in balance with the biosphere
Running on Information
Shop Locally
Don't foul their nests
Built in Harare, Zimbabwe - 1996
Uses 90% less energy
Saved $3.5 million
Tenants pay 20% less rent than surrounding buildings
90% Less Energy
Modeled after termite dens:
Internal temperature constant at 87 degrees Farenheit, regardless of outside temperature
Airways, vents, and chimneys are constantly opened and closed

It wouldn't have been just Wright
Issues with Biomimicry
Humans have long lived with a sense of self entitlement
With deforestation and degradation, losing many opportunities to learn
Lack of finance and resources
Natural and human tech is separated due to differences in fundamental shapes and mechanical aspects
Nature's mechanisms are efficient, reduce waste, and are sustainable
15 years in Biomimicry could represent $300 Billion annually of US GDP
Could provide another $50 billion by mitigating depletion of natural resources and reducing C02
Could account for 1.6 million US jobs in 15 years
Transform different industries: utilities, transportation, chemical manufacturing, engineering and architecture (Femnainan Business & Economic Institute, 2010)

How is Biomimicry relevant?
Solve the world's problems by observing nature
Enhance your brand value
Nature builds according to its needs making the design more efficient and cost effective
Paves the foundation for innovation and growth
Full transcript