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Transcript of Road Safety
and Young People
Thank you for your attention!
How does a driver's speed affect their risk of becoming involved in a road accident?
Do you know you’re four times more likely to have a fatal fatigue crash if you’re driving between 10pm and dawn?
That’s because your body’s circadian rhythms are programming you to sleep. (www.rta.nsw.gov.au)
Other human factors
HUMAN FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO ROAD TRAUMA
ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO ROAD TRAUMA
VEHICULAR FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO ROAD TRAUMA
Nearly 18 million views! Why?
How are gender
Distractions (passengers, music, mobile phone, )
4 I's (impunity, impatience, improvisation, impulsivity)
(airbags, crumple zones, traction control, rear sensors, speed limiters, etc)
Did you know:-
* One in every three drivers under 25 will be involved in a car accident
* During the 12 months ended April 2012 there were 1,287 deaths in Australia?
* A 17 year old driver with a P1 licence is four times more likely to be involved in a fatal crash than a driver over 26 years?
* Driving at night (after 10pm) and carrying passengers also increases the crash risk significantly for young drivers?
* The biggest killer of young drivers is speeding and around 80 per cent of those killed are male?
* Young drivers are over represented in all fatal crashes, including drink driving and fatigue. Despite making up only 15 per cent of drivers, young drivers represent around 36 per cent of annual road fatalities?
Source: VicRoads Discussion Paper on Young Driver Safety and Graduated Licensing, 2005
What is a standard drink?
Young drivers at at risk, so.....
What are the main differences between the two previous clips?
0.02 to 0.05 BAC – your ability to see or locate motving lights correctly is reduced, as is your abiliy to judge distances. Your tendency to take risks is increased, and your ability to respond to several stimuli is decreased. (drinkwise.org.au)
At 0.05 BAC drivers are twice as likely to have a crash as before they started drinking.
0.05 to 0.08 BAC – your ability to judge distances reduces further, sensitivity to red lights is impaired, reactions are slower, and concentration span is shorter.
At 0.08 BAC drivers are five (5) times more likely to have a crash than before they started drinking. At 0.08 to 0.12 BAC – “euphoria” sets in – you overestimate your abilities, which leads you to drive recklessly, your peripheral vision is impaired (resulting in accidents due to hitting vehicles while passing), and your perception of obstacles is impaired. Drivers are up to ten (10) times more likely to have a crash. (drinkwise.org.au)
The danger increases the more you drink
Drink driving is a factor in about 18 per cent of all fatal crashes in NSW.
The figure is even higher (27 per cent) in country areas. In fact, 70 per cent of all fatal drink drive crashes happen in the country (www.rta.gov.org.au)
* The majority (90 per cent) of drink drivers in fatal crashes are men.
* One third of all drink drivers in fatal crashes are aged 17-24 years (despite making up only about one-seventh of all licensed drivers).
* One quarter of all drink drivers in fatal crashes are aged 30-39 years.
* 30 per cent of all fatal drink drive crashes occur between 9 pm and 3 am on Thursday, Friday and Saturday nights. (www.rta.gov.org.au)
The risk of a death or injury crash in an urban 60km/h speed zone increases rapidly even with relatively small increases in speed. The casualty crash risk at 65km/h is about twice the risk at 60km/h. At 70km/h, the casualty crash risk is more than four times the risk at 60km/h.
Speed – km/h Risk relative to 60 km/h
70 4 times
75 11 times
80 32 times
For pedestrians, the risks are even greater. A person hit by a car travelling at 40km/h has a 25 per cent chance of being killed. Increase the speed to 60km/h and the crash becomes barely survivable with the pedestrian having an 85 per cent chance of being killed (Monash University Accident Research Centre Report 229. Figure3.5).
Speeding also increases stopping distances. A car travelling at 60km/h in dry conditions takes about 38 metres to stop. A car travelling at 80km/h takes the length of more than half a football field to come to a stop.
Don't drink and drive!
Add three more of your own
The introduction of seat belts saw a substantial drop in road fatalities. Not wearing a seat belt significantly increases the risk of serious injury in the event of an accident.