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Organized Crime and Gangs in the 1920s

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Mary Kent

on 21 January 2015

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Transcript of Organized Crime and Gangs in the 1920s

Prohibition
The ban of alcohol in the 1920s.
One of the most popular organized crimes in the 1920s.
In the 1920s anyone could get illegal alcohol on any street of America.
Prohibition was not enforced well so it was easy to get.
Prohibition
Bathtub gin was the production of alcohol in the bathtub.
Jobs were scarce so many turned to bootlegging or the making of alcohal in their own homes to provide for there families.
The Mafia
The American Mafia is an Italian-American organized-crime network with operations in cities across the United States. Particularly in New York and Chicago they rose to power through their success in the illicit liquor trade during the 1920s Prohibition era. Italian-American gangs (along with other ethnic gangs) entered the booming bootleg liquor business and transformed themselves into sophisticated criminal enterprises.


Why Was Organized Crime so Popular in the 1920s?
Jobs were scarce and people needed to provide for their families, gangsterism was dangerous but provided an easy way to make money.
Recognizing that a fortune could be made in providing illegal alcohol to the public, many criminal gangs began to specialize in importing alcohol from places like Canada or the Caribbean
From 1883-1945, the Sicilian Mafia in Italy, which had flourished since at least the mid-19th century, was under attack from the Fascist regime of Benito Mussolini.
Some Sicilian Mafiosi escaped to the United States, where they got involved in bootlegging and became part of the burgeoning American Mafia.

Effects of Organized Crime
Current gangs are known to commit crimes such as bankruptcy fraud, hijacking cargo trucks, and selling drugs.
Organized crime is crime committed by a group engaged in planned and sustained legal activities.
Organized Crime and Gangs in the 1920s
What is Organized Crime?
Organized Crime in 2015
Prohibition in the 1920's resulted in increased organized crime
Saint Valentine's Day Massacre
Organized crime is usually committed in gangs such as the Italian Mafia.
Lucky Luciano and Al Capone are two well know names in the world of organized crime during the 1920's.
Throughout the 1920s mobsters engaged in street battles over issues of control.
Gang warfare reached its climax in the St. Valentine's Day Massacre.
On February 14, 1929, seven men were killed in a Chicago garage by five unknown men wearing police uniforms.
Witnesses were unable to establish their identity, and the coroner's jury did not find sufficient evidence to prosecute anyone.
Al Capone was blamed for the Massacre, even though he was in Florida at the time. To this day, the perpetrators' identity remains a mystery.
The St. Valentine's Day Massacre shocked the American public more than any previous street violence, because it resembled an execution.
People blamed Prohibition for this violence, and began to favor its repeal.
During the Great Depression jobs were scarce so many people were drawn into organized crime.
Bootlegging alcohol was the main crime committed by gangs in the 1920's during Prohibition.
When Prohibition ended in 1933, gangs moved on to other forms of crime such as drug trafficking.
Al Capone
Organized crime is still all over America today in cities such as N.Y.C. and Chicago.
Many gangs today try to recruit younger children in order to gain larger numbers.
Al Capone was an Italian immigrant who became a successful Amercian ganster. Al Capone was one of the most popular bosses in the 1920s. Capone earned $60 million a year from alcohal and spent $75 million on bribing. Capone is respondsible for many deaths. Capone died at age 48 becasue of cardiac arrest.
Lots of the drugs sold by gangs come from drug cartels in Mexico
Organized crime has come a long way since it became popular in the Roaring 20's.
The presence of mobs and gangs raises the level of violence in many different communities around the United States.
Organized crime also brings more drugs to major U.S. cities.
Gangs con us out of millions each year through various stock frauds and financial scams.
It’s estimated that international organized crime reaps illegal profits of around $1 trillion per year.
Video
Speakeasy
Speakeasies were hidden sections of an establishment that were used to illegally sell alcoholic beverages during Prohibition.
Some speakeasies were similar to today’s clubs, as there was singing and jazz performances.
To enter a speakeasy, one would need to say a password to the doorperson so that the doorperson would know whether or not they were really secret agents.
It has been said that for every legal saloon before Prohibition, at LEAST half a dozen speakeasies were put up AFTER Prohibition. This was most likely because being the manager of a speakeasy was easy money.
The word “speakeasy” came from a bartender’s term: people were supposed to “speak easy” when at a bar, meaning not to draw any suspicion towards buying alcoholic beverages by looking nervous or talking quickly.
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