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First Aid: Accidental Amputations
Transcript of First Aid: Accidental Amputations
-common amputation injuries
-causes of common amputation injuries
-steps in assisting the amputee (first aid)
-amputation background/general knowledge
Auto accidents — Motorcycle, truck and car accidents can vary in severity. But when two or more vehicles moving at excessive speeds collide; arms, legs, feet and hands may be severed.
Construction and workplace accidents — Many occupations require the use of heavy and/or hazardous machinery. Some equipment can sever fingers or toes and result in nonlife-threatening injuries. However, if a piece of construction equipment or other type of work machinery malfunctions, it can maim or kill workers or pedestrians.
First Aid Procedure (continued)
2. Check for and Treat Shock
-With the person still lying flat, raise feet 12 inches.
-Cover with coat or blanket.
-Calm the person as much as possible until medical help arrives.
3. Clean and Protect Wound
-Wrap or cover the injured area with sterile dressing or clean cloth.
4. Save Amputated Part
-In some cases, the amputated part can be reattached.
-If possible, rinse with clean water to remove dirt or debris. Do not use soap or scrub.
-Place in a clean, plastic bag.
-Pack the bag in ice. Take it with you to the hospital.
Amputations- Topic Overview
Amputation is the removal of a body part. This can be achieved by a doctor in a hospital setting, such as when a foot must be amputated because of diabetes complications. But amputation may also happen during an accident.
An amputation may be complete (the body part is completely removed or cut off) or partial (much of the body part is cut off, but it remains attached to the rest of the body).
In some cases amputated parts can be successfully reattached. The success of the reattachment depends on:
-What body part was amputated.
-The condition of the amputated part.
-The time since the amputation and receiving medical care.
-The general health of the injured person.
First Aid: Accidental Amputation Procedure
1. Stop the Bleeding
-Wash your hands with soap and water, if possible.
-Have the injured person lie down, if possible. Don’t reposition the person if you suspect a head, neck, back, or leg injury.
-Elevate the injured area.
-Apply steady, direct pressure to the wound for 15 minutes. You can do this up to three times. If there’s an object in the wound, apply pressure around it, not directly over it.
-If blood soaks through, apply another covering over the first one. Don’t take the first one off.
-Use a tourniquet or compression bandage only if bleeding is severe and not stopped with direct pressure.
First Aid: Accidental Amputations
Accidental Surgical Amputations
Accidental surgical amputations — Although not recognized as requiring First Aid from bystanders, a surgeon may remove the wrong limb or operate on the wrong patient entirely.
Home/General Accidental Amputations
Home/General Accidental Amputations- potentially hazardous cooking tools such as culinary knifes are often the cause of severed toes, fingers, and hands. power tools and lawn mower blades can cause finger and toe amputations when being cleaned or adjusted. Doors being slammed shut often causes finger home-born amputations.
Maggie Weber and Margaret Akey
Initial Response (First Aid Procedure Overview)
The most important steps to take when a traumatic amputation occurs are:
-Contact the nearest emergency services provider, clearly describe what has happened, and follow any instructions given.
-Make sure the victim can breathe; administer CPR if necessary.
-Control bleeding, using direct pressure but minimizing or avoiding contact with blood and other body fluids.
-Patients should not be moved if back, head, leg, or neck injuries are suspected or if motion causes pain. If none are found by the EMT, lie the victim flat, with the feet raised 12 inches above the surface.
-Cover the victim with a coat or blanket to prevent shock.
The injured site should be cleansed with a sterile solution and wrapped in a clean towel or other thick material that will protect the wound from further injury. Tissue that is still attached to the body should not be forced back into place. If it cannot be gently replaced, it should be held in its normal position and supported until additional care is available.
Saving the patient's life is always more important than recovering the amputated part(s). Transporting the patient to a hospital or emergency center should never be delayed until missing pieces are located.
Traumatic Amputations. (n.d.) Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. (2008). Retrieved November 9 2014 from http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Traumatic+Amputations
Emergency Care for Accidental Amputations. (2012, January 27). Retrieved November 9, 2014, from http://www.webmd.com/first-aid/tc/emergency-care-for-an-accidental-amputation
Emergency Care for an Accidental Amputation - Credits: Healthwise Medical Information on eMedicineHealth. (n.d.). Retrieved November 10, 2014
Amputation - traumatic: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. (n.d.). Retrieved November 10, 2014.http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000006.htm
Accidental Amputation. (n.d.). Retrieved November 10, 2014.http://www.webmd.com/first-aid/accidental-amputation