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Charlotte Gilman

U.S. History project

Brooke Lehman

on 8 October 2012

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Transcript of Charlotte Gilman

Writer, lecturer, social critic, & feminist Through the life of Charlottle Gilman Charlotte Perkins Gilman was born on July 3, 1860
She was the youngest child and only daughter
2 of her siblings died so her mother was told to not have children anymore and shortly after her father left them.
They became very poor and moved from family member to family member in Rhode Island.
Her mother became very detached from the family and never showed affection, making life hard for young Charlotte.
To fill the void in her life she was often at the library reading about ancient civilizations, texts about philosophy, and historical development.
She did not have a lot of schooling so she mainly educated herself with reading. Growing up... "She used her energies and her gifts in an effort to understand the world and her place in it and to extend that knowledge and those insights to others. " (Lane, 1990, p. 229) Charlotte in Society She wrote many books to offer to society.
the first being "The Yellow Wallpaper", a fictional story based on her experience with the rest cure in 1892.
Soon after in 1893 she wrote "In This Our World" and "Women and Economics".
She became a journalistic advocate of the radical nationalist party as well as a world renowned lecturer.
in 1909 she began a magazine, The forerunner, in which she was the only writer.
In 1925 she finished her autobiography, "The Living of Charlotte Perkins Gilman", which was published after her death.
she continued to lecture, advocating the release of women from the economic imprisonment that comes from the roles of unpaid wife and mother. Achievements in Society In her work, Gilman dedicated herself to raising the standard of life for women of her time by deconstructing institutions such as the home and the economy through her non-fiction and by creating new worlds for women in her fiction.
Gilman was advocating a revolution of sorts similar to that urged earlier by Marx to workers, but Gilman's focus was on women.
She recognized the inequalities in the structure of the working world for women.
However , she knew that this would only come if women were willing to change the system themselves.
Her concepts continue to intrigue feminists in the social sciences. Her Goal End of Life. Life... In 1878 Charlotte enrolled in the Rhode island school of design , supporting herself as a tutor and artist of trade cards.
In 1884 she married Charles Walter Stetson. He was a handsome aspiring artist.
3 months after they had been married she found out she was pregnant and soon began to suffer symptoms of depression.
after she had her daughter she became overwhelmed with depression and began treatment with Dr. Silas Weir Mitchell.
His treatment to her was to rest by doing nothing.
she followed his instructions but could not stand it.
she later then wrote about it in a book called "The Yellow Wallpaper".
Later she separated form Charles and moved to California. She later remarried her cousin
He was supportive of her goals and willing to accept them.
to Charlotte he was the support and collaborations of a caring companion.
This marriage worked much better than the first and she was very productive during this time.
IN 1934 Charles died and Charlotte found out she had breast cancer.
she ended her life by covering her face with a rag soaked in chloroform.
Charlotte wrote in her suicide note, "I have preferred chloroform to cancer."
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