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11 Formation of the Gospels (stages)

Formation of the Gospels
by

April Williams

on 21 May 2014

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Transcript of 11 Formation of the Gospels (stages)

Formation of the Gospels
Stage 2- Oral Tradition
Stage 3- Written Tradition
What was Canon?
They faithfully record the Good News of Jesus Christ. Shaping and editing material that has been kept alive within their particular communities.
The Four gospels were written anonymously. Their authors did not sign their names to them. However tradition holds The titles “According to Mark”, etc, were added to the gospels in the second half of the Century to shows who’s tradition and eyewitness account these were based on.


The Gospels are recorded in written form (60 -100AD)
Tradition holds that Matthew and John were both eyewitnesses to the life of Jesus Mark and Luke were the next generation to the original eyewitnesses. Mark gained his account from the disciple Peter and Luke gained his account from Paul the missionary.




Stage 1- Jesus Life
The Words and Deeds of Jesus (circa 30 to 33 AD)
The historical Jesus who conveyed his teaching to a

handpicked group of disciples known as the apostles
.
Birth
Life
Death and Resurrection
Jesus, himself
, did not leave anything in writing. It is not unlikely that even during Jesus life
others
would have
written down
sermons or sayings of Jesus. Nevertheless culturally it was more common to preserve teaching on a
master to disciple
basis.

It is likely that written collections of these materials began to take shape before the first gospel is composed.



Paul’s letters are also written during this time.
The first preachers were Aramaic speaking, but as the message spread beyond Palestine the traditions had to be translated from Aramaic to Greek.


This is not chinese whispers!!

Oral Tradition was a very accurate way of transmitting information and had been a central and accurate way of transmitting information in most cultures for centuries
Stop and think of a story that you had been told that you were told long ago and that has stuck with you and everyone else tells that story and corrects you if you introduce any new or different information

Fairy tails: Three little pigs, Cinderella...
Why do you think the Gospel began to be written down?
Death of the Apostles and original eyewitnesses to Jesus life death and resurrection

World didn't end


The writings of the New Testament—twenty-seven books—were completed around AD 100.These twenty-seven books were not the only writings about Jesus composed during the first and second centuries.


Many other writings about Jesus, including other gospels, were in circulation at this time.


Early Church leaders, with the guidance of the Holy Spirit, determined which of these writings to include in the canon of the New Testament.


A canon is a list or collection of special, sacred, or authoritative writings.


Those writings which were not included—those writings determined not to have been inspired by the Holy Spirit—are called “noncanonical,” “extracanonical,” or “apocryphal” writings.


The process of definitively forming the New Testament canon took approximately 100 years: it was completed around the year 200.

HW
Make a time line of the different stages and include:



pictures/ stories/ examples of things that happened during the period
dates
what apostles influenced who
what might have been going on in the world at the time( google it) what could christians have been experiencing
be creative add as much as you like
You can make a poster or a digital poster,prezi ppt and hand it in or email it to Miss Williams
Why not write everything down?
Not the norm for any culture of the time
People had other ways of retaining information. ie oral tradition
Everyone lived near each other until evangelists started traveling creating the need for letters
Most people couldn't read or write and didn't have the materials
Full transcript