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The Prohibition Era
Transcript of The Prohibition Era
-This started the New Temperance movement
-The New Temperance movement was an attempt to discourage people from getting intoxicated -Organized crime became prominent due to prohibition.
-Gangsters thrived by exploiting the profits that came with the alcohol smuggling business.
-Bootlegging rings became popular due to a societal need for alcohol.
-With a huge demand for alcohol, a new illegal market boomed. -Created disrespect for laws.
-Created corruption in law enforcement, the court system, and politics.
-Created a burden on police, courts, and the penal system.
-Turned people towards hard liquor and created worse drinking habits.
-People turned to smoking and cigarettes became much more popular.
-U.S. lost millions of dollars without the alcohol taxes. -Prohibition was meant to stop crime and poverty in the U.S.
-Prohibition actually just made these things worse.
-Prohibition had the complete opposite effect and reaction that the government was expecting.
-In the end, prohibition just corrupted many things and was repealed.
-President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the repeal of the Prohibition act on December 5, 1933. Rosenberg, Jennifer. "Prohibition." About.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct 2012. <(http://history1900s.about.com/od/1920s/p/prohibition.htm)>.
Suziecat7, . "Bootlegging in America." Hubpages. N.p., 12 2012. Web. 21 Oct 2012. <http://suziecat7.hubpages.com/hub/Bootlegging-In-America>.
"Organized Crime - How it Was Changed by Prohibition." University of Michigan Student Projects. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Oct 2012. <http://www.umich.edu/~eng217/student_projects/nkazmers/organizedcrime2.html>.
"History Files - Al Capone." Chicago Historical Society. Chicago Historical Society, n.d. Web. 24 Oct 2012. <http://www.chicagohs.org/history/capone.html>.
Florien, Daniel. "12 Bad Effects of Prohibition You Should Know." Patheos. N.p., 11 2009. Web. 23 Oct 2012. <http://www.patheos.com/blogs/unreasonablefaith/2009/03/12-bad-effects-of-prohibition-you-should-know/>.
Hanson, Dr. David J.. "Repeal of Prohibition." Alcohol Problems and Solutions. N.p.. Web. 24 Oct 2012. <http://www2.potsdam.edu/hansondj/Controversies/1131637220.html>. -By 1916, over half of the states in the U.S. had banned alcohol.
-In 1919 the 18th amendment (The Volstead Act) was added to the U.S. constitution.
-The 18th amendment prohibited the sale and manufacture of alcohol.
-This went into full effect on January 16th, 1920 -Bootlegging is defined as the illegal trafficking of liquor.
-Prohibition created a huge rise in bootlegging.
-Bootleggers first brought in commercial beer over the borders of Mexico and Canada.
-William McCoy was the most famous bootlegger
-He was a rum runner
-He was a very experienced sea captain
-He was captured on November 23, 1923 by the U.S. Coast Guard. -He was ordered to serve 10 years in federal prison and 1 year in county jail.
-After gaining control of the prison in Atlanta, Capone was moved to Alcatraz.
-Capone's health began to deteriorate in prison and he spent the rest of his term in a hospital. Al Capone is America's most popular gangster
-Al Capone was born on January 17, 1899, in Brooklyn, New York.
-In 1919 Capone moved with his family in Chicago. -Soon after this, Capone became involved in the bootlegging business, becoming the boss of his outfit.
-Capone controlled speakeasies, bookie joints, gambling houses, brothels, horse and race tracks, nightclubs, distilleries and breweries.
-It was reported that their income was around $100,000,000. -Although it was well-known that Capone committed many crimes, he always managed to have an alibi and keep his hands clean.
-Eventually Capone was indicted for income tax evasion.
-The government charged Capone as owing $215,080.48 in taxes.
-He was charged for conspiracy to violate prohibition laws. -Capone was eventually released on November 16, 1939 and ordered to pay $37,617.51.
-After his release his health continued to deteriorate.
-His last years were relaxed and quiet and he died on January 25th, 1947 of cardiac arrest.