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IGCSE Physical Education 3.3. Global Events

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Rob Myatt

on 9 January 2015

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Transcript of IGCSE Physical Education 3.3. Global Events

IGCSE Physical Education
3.3. Global Events
What do we mean by Global Events?
Name the biggest global events that you can think of.
Football World Cup

Rugby World Cup

Rugby League World Cup

Cricket T20 World Cup

The Summer Olympics
Commonwealth Games
Athletics World Championships

The Winter Olympics
Being the hosts...
Where were the last major global events that you can think of?
You have 5 minutes to think about the possible advantages and disadvantages for a host nation when staging a global event.

Think about:
Facilities.
Jobs.
Transportation.
The impact on future participation.
Being a host nation: Advantages
Building better sporting facilities.
More jobs.
Increased income for local businesses.
Better transport systems.
Good publicity and tourism.
Sportspeople = role models = increased participation.
Possible profit!
Regeneration.
Sports a country excels in:

Guess which sport each nation excels in and why!
New facilities cost a lot.
- £7.25b to build the Olympic 2012 park.
- Montreal: 30 years to pay £1.5b of debt!
Being a host nation:
Disadvantages

Buildings may be unused ('white elephant')
Less jobs after the event
Personal cost (e.g. Taxes)
- £33.33 a household for Londoners (2008).
Displacement of people
- Rio 2016: slums vs Olympic park
Political reasons/demonstrations
£4.4m RUNNING COSTS
Where are the next major global events
that you can think of?
Think about these people:
Eastern bloc athletes (1970/80s)

Tennis players (excluded from 1924-1988)

The 'Dream Team' (Barcelona 1992)
Olympics: Amateur vs Professional!
What is the difference between the two?
Olympic Games were meant to be for amateurs
BUT WHY???
TRADITION!!!

Winning = medals and recognition.
But the difference between amateur and pro became blurred.

Sportspeople were rewarded for their success with more than medals
Professionals:
Get paid for playing
It's their full-time job

Amateurs:
Don't get paid for playing
Do it when they are not working
For enjoyment
Olympics: Amateur vs Professional!
US Army World Class Athlete Program
Join the Army, train all year and don't do any work!
1981
- the IOC dropped the term "Olympic Amateur", allowing sportspeople to earn appearance fees and prize money.
How much did Usian Bolt earn from Athletics in 2012/13?
Who makes the final decision on participation rules?
International Sports Federations
(IAAF for Athletics, FIBA for Basketball, FIFA for Football etc)
$24.2m
$300,000 in prize money
$23.9m from sponsorship, endorsements, appearance fees etc.
Education supports participation at the highest level
SCHOLARSHIPS
Sporting excellence is rewarded with a free education/accommodation etc.
SPORTS COLLEGES
Further education with dedicated daily training.
Learn from professional coaches
.
School/University receives prestige for sporting excellence.
TWO-WAY STREET.
TRUST FUNDS
Sportspeople get indirect payments through an organisation/appearance/prize money.
This can cover training and living expenses.
WHY DO CERTAIN COUNTRIES DEVELOP
EXCELLENCE IN SPECIFIC SPORTS?

There are 5 main reasons!
Geographical location

Climate
Finance
Tradition
Culture
Mountains = Winter sports
Altitude = Distance runners
No water = Sailing / Surfing???
Cold (snow/ice) = winter sports
Mild/warm = best for outdoor games
Extreme heat = difficult for most athletes
More money / funding =
Better facilities & more opportunities
Less money / funding =
Substandard facilities & less opportunities
Ethnicity
Social background
Economic status
Society passes sport onto the next generation.
Woven into the fabric of society.
Middle / Long distance running
Football
(Won 5 out of 19 World Cups)
Skiing
Rugby Sevens
Rugby
W.C. 2x win, 1x RU, 3x semi (8 tournaments)
Sumo
Boxing
19,000 out of 99,000 athletes!
Kenya/Ethiopia

Brazil


Nordic/Alpine countries

Fiji

New Zealand


Japan

Cuba


Holland
Speed Skating
(90 out of 94 W.O. medals)
3rd - GB & NI = £264m
16th - New Zealand = £50m

Approx. £4m a medal!
Development of elite squads.
A country hosting the Olympic Games wants to be as successful as possible.

But how can a Governing Body increase the possibility of success?

With each point, think about why!
Identification of potential medallists.
Increase the number of coaching sessions/camps.
- More access to top coaches
Give young performers access additional support / medical support / diet advice / equipment etc.
Provide funding for full time training.
Support performers so they can live near top facilities.
Increase the number of top quality events that squads can enter before the Olympics.
Access to Olympics venues.
Improve training facilities.
Develop minor sports.
Use technology to enhance performance.
e.g. clothing, boats, sports science.
Full transcript