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IGCSE Physical Education 3.3. Global Events
Transcript of IGCSE Physical Education 3.3. Global Events
3.3. Global Events
What do we mean by Global Events?
Name the biggest global events that you can think of.
Football World Cup
Rugby World Cup
Rugby League World Cup
Cricket T20 World Cup
The Summer Olympics
Athletics World Championships
The Winter Olympics
Being the hosts...
Where were the last major global events that you can think of?
You have 5 minutes to think about the possible advantages and disadvantages for a host nation when staging a global event.
The impact on future participation.
Being a host nation: Advantages
Building better sporting facilities.
Increased income for local businesses.
Better transport systems.
Good publicity and tourism.
Sportspeople = role models = increased participation.
Sports a country excels in:
Guess which sport each nation excels in and why!
New facilities cost a lot.
- £7.25b to build the Olympic 2012 park.
- Montreal: 30 years to pay £1.5b of debt!
Being a host nation:
Buildings may be unused ('white elephant')
Less jobs after the event
Personal cost (e.g. Taxes)
- £33.33 a household for Londoners (2008).
Displacement of people
- Rio 2016: slums vs Olympic park
£4.4m RUNNING COSTS
Where are the next major global events
that you can think of?
Think about these people:
Eastern bloc athletes (1970/80s)
Tennis players (excluded from 1924-1988)
The 'Dream Team' (Barcelona 1992)
Olympics: Amateur vs Professional!
What is the difference between the two?
Olympic Games were meant to be for amateurs
Winning = medals and recognition.
But the difference between amateur and pro became blurred.
Sportspeople were rewarded for their success with more than medals
Get paid for playing
It's their full-time job
Don't get paid for playing
Do it when they are not working
Olympics: Amateur vs Professional!
US Army World Class Athlete Program
Join the Army, train all year and don't do any work!
- the IOC dropped the term "Olympic Amateur", allowing sportspeople to earn appearance fees and prize money.
How much did Usian Bolt earn from Athletics in 2012/13?
Who makes the final decision on participation rules?
International Sports Federations
(IAAF for Athletics, FIBA for Basketball, FIFA for Football etc)
$300,000 in prize money
$23.9m from sponsorship, endorsements, appearance fees etc.
Education supports participation at the highest level
Sporting excellence is rewarded with a free education/accommodation etc.
Further education with dedicated daily training.
Learn from professional coaches
School/University receives prestige for sporting excellence.
Sportspeople get indirect payments through an organisation/appearance/prize money.
This can cover training and living expenses.
WHY DO CERTAIN COUNTRIES DEVELOP
EXCELLENCE IN SPECIFIC SPORTS?
There are 5 main reasons!
Mountains = Winter sports
Altitude = Distance runners
No water = Sailing / Surfing???
Cold (snow/ice) = winter sports
Mild/warm = best for outdoor games
Extreme heat = difficult for most athletes
More money / funding =
Better facilities & more opportunities
Less money / funding =
Substandard facilities & less opportunities
Society passes sport onto the next generation.
Woven into the fabric of society.
Middle / Long distance running
(Won 5 out of 19 World Cups)
W.C. 2x win, 1x RU, 3x semi (8 tournaments)
19,000 out of 99,000 athletes!
(90 out of 94 W.O. medals)
3rd - GB & NI = £264m
16th - New Zealand = £50m
Approx. £4m a medal!
Development of elite squads.
A country hosting the Olympic Games wants to be as successful as possible.
But how can a Governing Body increase the possibility of success?
With each point, think about why!
Identification of potential medallists.
Increase the number of coaching sessions/camps.
- More access to top coaches
Give young performers access additional support / medical support / diet advice / equipment etc.
Provide funding for full time training.
Support performers so they can live near top facilities.
Increase the number of top quality events that squads can enter before the Olympics.
Access to Olympics venues.
Improve training facilities.
Develop minor sports.
Use technology to enhance performance.
e.g. clothing, boats, sports science.