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maya aztec compare and contrast

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ben ringrose

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of maya aztec compare and contrast

Compare and contrast the social, political and economic patterns of the Mayans and Aztecs. By Ben Ringrose and Alissa He Historical Background Aztecs
- Formed in 1100 CE.
- Located in present day Mexico City
-"Aztec" refers to the seven indigenous tribes who shared the Nahuatl language and settled in the Valley of Mexico.
- The last tribe was the Mexica, whose city was Tenochtitlan, which eventually became the capital of the Aztec Empire.
- Triple alliance among Tenochtitlan, Texcoco, and Tlacopan.
- Eventually conquered by the Spaniards in 1521. Mayans
- 250- 900 AD.
- Settled in Central America, Southern Mexico, and the Yucatan Peninsula.
-Classic Period was the height of Mayan civilization.
- Became less centralized with the arrival of the Spaniards.
- As a result, they became more commercially oriented. Aztecs Mayans Political Never united under a single empire
Individual political states were linked together through trade, alliances and tribute
States were originally chiefdoms but transformed into having powerful centralized leaders by the classic period
Spanish conquest caused Yucatan to divide into 18 separate states
Rulers were succeeded by sons, brothers or suitable candidates
Halach unic: name for the single ruler
Nacom: supreme military commander, served a 3 year term Economic Communal lands were owned by nobles and the ruling class worked on by commoners
Commoners required to pay tribute to ruler as well as working on annual construction projects of building temples and palaces
Produced: cacao, cotton, salt, honey, dye and other exotic goods
Little known about traveling merchants
Sea trade across Maya region and Central Mexico
Markets sold surplus crops
Currency: cacao beans, gold, copper bells, jade, oyster, and shell beads
Business was conducted with barter system
No interest on loans, used contracts instead
If debt could not be paid, one would become slaves of the people they owed money to Social Nobles: passed through elite lineages
served as rulers, gov't officials, military leaders, priests, tribute collectors
wealthy and literate
lived in central areas of Mayan cities Commoners: farmers, laborers, servants
some became wealthy with upward mobility obtained through military service
lived outside central areas working individual and communal plots of land Serfs: worked lands belonging to the ruler or town leader Slaves: active slave trade, could be owned my commoners and elites
sacrificed when owners died; slave status not passed to children Map of the Aztec and Mayan Civilizations Aztecs: 1100-1521 CE
Mayans: 250-900 AD Sources: Tarlton Law Library Rare Books and Special Collections. Aztec and Maya Law. The University of Texas at Austin. Web.2009. <http://tarlton.law.utexas.edu/exhibits/aztec/index.html>
Luis Dumois. The Mayan Civilization Time Line. 1. January. 2008. Web. <http://www.mexconnect.com/articles/3191-the-mayan-civilization-time-line>
Ancient Worlds LLC.Timeline for the Aztec Empire. 2011-2012. Web. <http://www.ancientworlds.net/aw/Post/241662> Aztec Images Economic Goods Political Social Mayan Images Political Social Political Economic Social Cacao Beans (Economic Good) -Empire was made up of city states
-supreme leader as well as leading military forces
-Tlatoani of Teotihuacan was ruler of Aztec Empire
-received tribute
-believed to have been a representation of the gods
-Supreme Judge for court system
-Came after the Tlatoani -Tribute and taxation were the main sources of income for the Empire.
-Merchants were of great importance (pochtecah)
- Most trade was carried out in markets called tianquztli.
- No official currency, used a barter system for trade. -Individuals were identified as nobles, commoners, serfs, or slaves
- Noble class
-high level priests
-military leaders
- Merchants
-Serfs worked the land of nobles
- Slavery was a form of punishment
-All Aztec children went to school Similarities: Both ancient American civilizations
Located in Central America.
Built elaborate road systems.
Encountered the Spaniards.
Same social classes of nobles, commoners, serfs, and slaves.
Spoke their own language
Merchants and trade
Had tribute and taxes
Barter system
Had religion and culture

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