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HISTORY

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JENNIFER CORONEL

on 11 February 2014

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Transcript of HISTORY

History, Current Practices, and Issues of the American Labor Union
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
HISTORY
1866
- National Labor Union Founded
ISSUES AFFECTING UNIONS TODAY
-One of the most fundamental issues for union leaders and members is long-term
job stability
.

-Unions believe that companies have a duty to retain hard-working employees and fight layoffs and terminations.

-In many cases, they argue for job stability in a community, fighting against company plans to reduce the number of employees, even through attrition.

-Company management often argues that this prevents the organization from keeping pace with technology, which reduces the reliance on certain employees, making them less competitive.

-They also feel that the protection of jobs at all costs prevents the company from getting rid of poor performers.
Nurse’s strike at Connecticut’s Lawrence + Memorial hospital
Background Information
:
November 28, 2013
Nurses and technicians at Lawrence + Memorial Hospital walked off the job and on to the picket line early Wednesday, commencing Connecticut's first large-scale hospital strike in 27 years.

The nearly 800 employees went on strike after their AFT union and hospital management failed to reach a compromise on the major sticking point: whether current employees may transfer with their departments if those services move off-campus. Contract negotiations broke down Tuesday afternoon.

The union estimated that there were 200 temps hired, and although a hospital spokesman declined to give a number, he said the union's estimate was not far off.
.

Nurse’s strike at Connecticut’s Lawrence + Memorial hospital
Issue in question:
Lisa D'Abrosca, president of AFT Local 5049, the nurses union at the hospital, said the main issue is not about money or economics, but about patient care. She said that the hospital has shifted services off campus twice in the past year and has "laid off our people, laid off nurses and brought in medical assistants who are less qualified for lesser pay."
Controversy with Unions Today
Interview with HR Director -
1869
-Noble and Holy Order of the Knights of Labor and Colored National Labor Union formed

Verdict/Outcome:
-Failed negotiations.
-Gov. Dannel P. Malloy weighed in with a strongly worded statement released by his office. "I am extremely disappointed that negotiations between L+M and the AFT have fallen apart," Malloy said. "While it certainly takes two to negotiate, leadership at L+M have shown no desire to reach consensus, as evidenced by their behavior today. To walk out on the last day with more than 9 hours left shows a blatant disregard for their employees and, equally important, the patients they care for."
http://medcitynews.com/2013/11/heres-caused-nurses-strike-connecticuts-lawrence-memorial-hospital/#ixzz2soQc3SDn
Costco Wholesale Corporation and United Food and Commercial Workers Union

Background Information: September 7, 2012
The employer,
Costco Wholesale Corp., included a number of restrictions on employee activity as part of its employee handbook.
One rule, section 11.9 of the employee handbook stated:
“Any communication transmitted, stored or displayed electronically must comply with the policies outlined in the Costco Employee Agreement. Employees should be aware that statements posted electronically that damage the company, defame any individual or damage any person’s reputation, or violate the policies outlined in the Costco Employee Agreement, may be subject to discipline, up to and including termination of employment.”

The Union representing Costco employees filed an unfair labor practice complaint and a hearing before an Administrative Law Judge.
The ALJ found that the rule did not violate Section 8(a)(1), stating that employees would not reasonably construe this rule as regulating and thereby inhibiting, Section 7 conduct. The NLRB General Counsel then sought review of that decision with the NLRB.
Costco Wholesale Corporation and United Food and Commercial Workers Union

Issue in question:
Does the employer’s restrictions on what employees may post on social media interfere with restrain, or coerce the employees’ exercise of their Section 7 rights?
Verdict/Outcome
:
The Board ruled that an employer’s policy that prohibited employees from
discussing “private matters of members and other employees… including topics such as, but not limited to, sick calls, leaves of absence, FMLA call outs, ADA accommodations, worker’s compensation injuries, personal health information, etc.”
sharing, transmitting, or storing for personal or public use, without prior management approval “sensitive information such as membership, payroll, confidential financial, credit card numbers, social security number or employee personal health information
sharing “confidential” information such as employee’s names, addresses, telephone numbers and email addresses.
was a
violation of Section 8(a)(1) because the broad prohibition clearly encompassed concerted communications protesting working conditions or the employer’s treatment of its employees.
1881
-Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions formed

1886
-American Federation of Labor founded

1903-
Women’s Trade Union League formed at AFL convention

1905-
Industrial Workers of the World founded

1914-
Ludlow Massacre of 13 women and children and seven men in Colorado coal miners’ strike

1919
-One of every five workers walked out in great strike wave, including national clothing coal and steel strikes; a general strike in Seattle; and a police strike in Boston International Labor Organization founded in France

HISTORY
1920
-19th Amendment to the Constitution gives women the right to vote

1924
-Samuel Gompers dies; William Green becomes new AFL president

1932
-Norris-LaGuardia Act prohibits federal injunctions in most labor disputes

1934
-Upsurge in strikes, including national textile strike, which fails

1935
-National Labor Relations Act and Social Security Act passed Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO) formed within AFL

1943
-CIO forms first political action committee to get out the union vote for President Roosevelt

1946
-Largest strike wave in U.S. history

1955
-AFL and CIO merge
1963
-March on Washington for jobs and Justice Equal Pay Act bans wage discrimination based on gender

1965
-AFL-CIO forms A. Philip Randolph Institute César Chávez forms AFL-CIO United Farm Workers Organizing Committee

1974
-Coalition of Labor Union Women founded

1997
-Pride at Work, a national coalition of lesbian, gay bisexual and transgender workers and their supporters, becomes an AFL-CIO constituency group AFL-CIO membership renewed growth

1999
-More than 75,000 human service workers are unionized in Los Angeles County 30,000 to 50,000 working family activists take to Seattle streets
HISTORY
ISSUES AFFECTING UNIONS TODAY
-Unions have become increasingly interested in
protecting the pension
plans offered to its members as part of their compensation plan. Pension plans that were badly managed by employers, to the detriment of the staff, have brought the issue to the forefront.

-Unions fight hard for appropriate oversight of the funds, which they believe are rightfully owned by their members.
-Company executives feel that as the contributors to the funds, they have the right to manage them as part of the corporate portfolio, benefiting from tax reductions and credits. They argue that a few high-profile failures do not constitute a pattern of mismanagement.
-Unions use
collective bargaining
to fight for higher wages, better benefits & safer work conditions.

-Company executives don't always agree with collective bargaining because it treats the entire workforce as equals and does not recognize the difference between workers who excel and thrive and those who perform poorly. They argue that compensating employees on performance is better for the company than compensating the collective.
-The power of trade unions lies in their ability to negotiate with management on behalf of the entire unionized workforce.
Current Scenario
- At the Volkswagen plant nestled in Tennessee’s rolling hills, a unionization drive has drawn national attention as business groups worry about organized labor’s efforts to gain its first foothold at a foreign-owned automobile plant in the South. In a region known as anti-union, many view VW’s response as unusual, if not topsy-turvy.

-The anti-U.A.W. forces are making themselves heard, warning that if the U.A.W. succeeds here, that will lend momentum to unionize two other prestigious German-owned plants: the Mercedes-Benz plant in Alabama and the BMW plant in South Carolina.
-The billion-dollar Volkswagen assembly plant opened in 2011, aided by $577 million in state subsidies, there to great fanfare. It was expected to buoy Chattanooga’s image as a place to do business. There was no whiff of unionization.
- Mr. Cantrell (an assembly line worker) and many workers want a union even though they say Volkswagen treats them well. In their view, a union would give them a greater voice and job security and help ensure that management communicated better and was more sensitive on scheduling. Mr. Cantrell said his pay, $19.50 an hour, is fine, but “it’s not anything exorbitant.”
Tulare County Vs GK Lewis - June 2000
June 2004 -
24 workers developed headaches, nausea, dizziness, swollen eyes and weakness
Working next to almond orchard being spayed with insecticide
Discrimination in hospital
GK (Seven citations in four years)
Outcome -
Fined $1700 for failure to prevent contamination of property/ perform proper pest control in effective manner
Helicopter pilot fined $1000


United Farm Workers
"Originally unions served a very important purpose. They helped establish child labor laws, 8 hour work days etc. However we now see that there are flaws because of the people running them.
Collective Bargaining (Federal Protection - Good. But how does is play out?
Teachers Unions
Nurse Unions

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