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Magic Lens: Level 3, Phrases

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Holly Barnes

on 6 February 2013

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Transcript of Magic Lens: Level 3, Phrases

A phrase is a group of words that does not contain a subject and its predicate and that acts as a SINGLE part of speech. Level 3: Phrases The prepositional phrase is a group of words beginning with a preposition and acting as a modifier. Prepositions have objects but no subject. Prepositional Phrase An appositive phrase is an interrupting definition. The appositive phrase is put beside what it describes in the sentence. Appositive Phrase A verbal is a verb form used as a different part of speech. A verbal is not a verb; it is a former verb doing a different job. There are three types of verbals: gerunds, participles, and infinitives. Verbal Phrase A gerund is an-ing verb form used as a noun or made into a noun. A gerund can stand alone or be in a group of words to make a phrase. Gerund Phrase A participle is any verb form used as an adjective. All gerunds end in -ing, but participles can end in -ing, -ed, -en, or any verb form. Participle Phrase An infinitive is a noun or modifier (adj. or adv.) made from the "to" form of the verb (to think or to dream). Infinitive Phrase Examples:
1. This letter is for him and me.
2. She and I went with you and him.
3. On the beach the dog saw the dog in the boat.
4. The collection of rare artifacts was stolen. Examples:
1. Botticelli, the Renaissance painter, painted angles.
2. Athens, Greece, is the site of the Parthenon.
3. My friend Hamlet is a woodworking artist.
4. Robert, my spotted retriever, slept all night long.
Right: Meeting you and me was his purpose.
Wrong: Meeting you and I was his purpose. Examples:
1. Thinking is fun.
2. Thinking quickly is fun.
3. I quit joking.
4. Expanding the empire was Alexander's dream. Examples:
1. Approaching the camp, Eugene moved quietly.
2. Below he saw the mob waiting patiently.
3. Malcolm, climbing rapidly, ascended the cliff.
4. Leaving them behind, Crockett trudged up the path. Examples:
1. To read is always a pleasure.
2. The book to read is Moby Dick.
3. I live to read.
4. Glork learned never to gobble his gruel.
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