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5.01 Biology

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Savannah Miller

on 8 February 2016

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Transcript of 5.01 Biology

Stephen Gould
The country in which the scientist lived:
New York, United States of America.


Dates when the scientist lived:
September 10th, 1941 - May 20th, 2002.
Stephen Gould
Explanations of how these findings impacted the developing theory of evolution and relate to the modern theory of evolution:
The findings mentioned before impacted the developing theory of evolution, and relate to the modern theory of evolution by contrasting the popular idea that evolutionary change is marked by a pattern of smooth and continuous change in the fossil record.

Information on how these findings and publications relate to the commonly held beliefs of the day:
These findings and publications related to the commonly had held beliefs of the day, and Gould proposed that science and religion should be considered two distinct fields, whose authorities don't overlap eachother around the same time he campaigned against creationism.
Herbert Spencer
The scientist’s main findings, publications, and contributions, with corresponding dates:
Spencer's main finding was developing an all embracing conception of evolution. He wrote books about evolution seven years before Darwin did. Spencer published his first book, Social Statics, in 1851; his second in 1855. Spencer also established a hypothesis, "that society is like a biological organism and then proceeded to defend it against all objectives with great logical force.", from a website called preservearticles.com. This observation was around 1884.
Thomas Huxley
The country in which the scientist lived:
London, United Kingdom

Dates when the scientist lived:
May 4th, 1825 - June 29th, 1895
5.01 Biology
By: Savannah Miller

Stephen Gould
The scientist's main findings, publications, and contribuations, with corresponding dates:
Gould's most significant contribution in 1972 is known as the theory of punctuated equilibrium. This theory presents that most of evolution is marked by long periods of evolutionary stability, which is punctuated by rare instances of branching evolution. He had also campaigned against creationism around 1997-1998. This same proposal is still used to this day. He also contributed to evolutionary developmental biology. In the evolutionary theory, he opposed strict selectionism, sociobiology as applied to humans, and evolutionary psychology.







Herbert Spencer
The country in which the scientist lived:
Derby, United Kingdom

Dates when the scientist lived:
April 27th, 1820 - December 8th, 1903
Herbert Spencer
Explanations of how these findings impacted the developing theory of evolution and relate to the modern theory of evolution:
The findings of how they impacted the developing theory of evolution and relate to the modern theory of evolution by comparing to Darwins work. You can see the differences and both their own opinions.
Information on how these findings and publications relate to the commonly held beliefs of the day:
The findings and publications relate to the comunity held beliefs of today's world tries to show everyone how things could have started, without religion playing a role. It also gives other scientist new theories, and add on new ideas.
Thomas Huxley
The scientist's main findings, publications, and contributions, with corresponding dates:
Huxley was a major supporter of Darwins theory of evolution. He helped get acceptance among everyone, even though he pointed out problems in Darwins theory. Huxley also did his own research in zoology and paleontology. His debate in 1860 made him known. It was about evolution, and gained more acceptance for the theory of evolution. Huxley created his first novel in 1845, but published it in 1849.
Thomas Huxley
Explanations of how these findings impacted the developing theory of evolution and relate to the modern theory of evolution:
These findings impacted the developing theory of evolution by helping people study more on evolution, and gained major acceptance. It relates to the modern theory by showing how what we know now and what we can create.

Information on how these findings and publications relate to the commonly held beliefs of the day:
With the findings and many publications, science plays a major role in our lives. We learn from an early age how things are made and where they come from. We are creating many more theories about everything. Outer space, our planet, other living creatures.
Ronald Fisher
The country in which the scientist lived:
Born- London, United Kingdom. Moved to- Adelaide, Australia.

Dates when the scientist lived:
February 17th, 1890 - July 29th, 1962
Ronald Fisher
The scientist’s main findings, publications, and contributions, with corresponding dates:
Fisher was a mathematician and biologist. He made very important discoveries, such as revolutionary techniques for applying statistics to natural sciences. He was also one of the founders of the neo-Darwinian modern evolutionary synthesis. Fisher published many novels, such as The Evolution of Sexual Preference and Statistical Methods for Research Workers.
Ronald Fisher
Explanations of how these findings impacted the developing theory of evolution and relate to the modern theory of evolution:
These findings help Fisher add his own work and opinions to the theory of evolution. It helped us get to where we are today in the scientific and medical fields.

Information on how these findings and publications relate to the commonly held beliefs of the day:
These findings and publications relate to the commonly held beliefs of the day by showing other scientist how things were made, and create their own theories, or add on Darwins.
Citations
http://www.notablebiographies.com/Gi-He/Gould-Stephen-Jay.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephen_Jay_Gould
http://creation.com/herbert-spencer
http://www.iep.utm.edu/spencer/
http://www.preservearticles.com/201104306125/what-are-the-major-contributions-of-herbert-spencer-to-sociology.html
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/history/thuxley.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Henry_Huxley
http://www.britannica.com/biography/Ronald-Aylmer-Fisher
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ronald_Fisher

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