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Transcript of Logical Consequences
Misbehavior is caused by a motivation to gain attention, achieve power, seek revenge, or avoid failure.
Inappropriate behavior can be stopped by helping students find logical ways to satisfy their needs.
Teachers help students explore why they behave as they do.
Students learn that unpleasant consequences always follow inappropriate behavior.
Giving students a choice between two alternative behaviors offers a basis for the student to take responsibility.
Attention Seeking Student
This student only feels part of the class when they get attention from the teacher or student.
Constantly demands attention from teacher/other students.
Wants to be "Teacher's Pet."
Becomes "Class Clown."
Teacher's reaction to behavior:
Power Seeking Student
Student feels part of the class when they are controlling the teacher/other students.
Contradicts & lies
Has temper tantrums
Questions the teacher's authority/knowledge
Teacher's reaction to the behavior:
Revenge Seeking Student
The student feels left out of the classroom social structure so they strike out at classmates/teacher.
Aggressive toward teacher/classmates
Becomes a bully
Teacher's reaction to the student:
Failure Avoiding Student
The student feels incapable of achieving socially/academically and no longer tries.
Attempts to be invisible
Teacher's reaction to the student:
Feels inadequate to help the student
Logical Consequences vs Punishment
Logical consequences express the reality of what happens in society when a person breaks a law/rule. They represent the rules of living which all human beings must learn to function in society.
Punishment only expresses the personal power of the teacher and the authority
a teacher has over a student.
Give clear expectations of classroom rules & expectations.
Establish a relationship with each student based on trust/mutual respect.
Logical consequences > punishment.Consequence must be a direct relationship to the behavior and must be understood by the students.
Combine kindness and firmness. Student senses and respects that while you're a friend, you will not accept certain kinds of behaviors.
Teachers should NOT...
Find fault in a student. It may hurt their feelings and discourage them.
Use threats. Although some students may be intimidated and conform for the moment, threats have no lasting value.
Work to obtain a promise from a student. Students usually make promises to free themselves of a situation .
Positive way of promoting communication & respect between teacher/student(s).
Promotes a degree of autonomy for students.
Helps students understand why they behave as they do.
Helps students learn correct behavior.
Relies on logical consequences rather than punishment.
Teachers have trouble determining the actual motives of students.
Students may not admit their real motives because either their motives are unacceptable or they don't know what they are.
Teachers sometimes find it difficult to respond to students in a non-controlling way.
Curwin, R. & Mendler, A. & Mendler, B. 2008. Consequences. Discipline with Dignity. 96.
Dreikurs, R. & Loren, G. (1968) A new approach to discipline: Logical consequences. New York: Hawthorn Books.
Frost, R. (2013) The Dreikers' model of discipline (logical consequences). Concept of Classroom Discipline.