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Social Networking: Friend or Foe? (T.O.K. Presentation)

By: Salomon Navarro, Cesar Armas, and AIleen Valdovinos

Salomon Navarro

on 11 April 2013

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Transcript of Social Networking: Friend or Foe? (T.O.K. Presentation)

Social Networking: Friend of Foe? Social networking has been serving as a mediator for many political and social interactions for many years now. Many leaders of political organizations use social networking in order to spread their influence of ideas throughout a worldwide audience. Social networking seems to be an essential key in their success due to the efficiency of being able to spread news with instantaneous speeds. Examples of Social Networking Sites Twitter, Facebook, Tumblr, YouTube, Instagram, MySpace, Flickr, Google Plus +, Pinterest, Linked In, Photobucket, Skype, Edmodo, and many more! Background Information To what extent is the tool of Social Networking used responsibly in society? Cyber-Bullying Self-Image Obsession Communications Social Networking is the use of a devoted Web site to communicate with other members of the site by posting messages, photographs, and videos. The History of Social Networking: An Odd Todd Cartoon This video cartoon is from TIME.com and it breaks down popular social networking sites and where they originated from. It touches on subjects from the early 1990's to present day today. Victim Statistics What is Social Networking? Follow Up on "An Odd Todd Cartoon Video": The video broke down popular social networking sites and how some become more dominant and popular than others as time goes by.
Specifics that were touched on are (in chronological order):
Bulletin Board Systems
CompuServe and AOL
theglobe.com (and other small social networking websites)

Basic Background:

With 90 percent of U.S. internet users having signed up for at least one social network, and one out of every eight people on the planet active on Facebook, social media has come a long, long way in a very brief period of time. Since 2007 the amount of people on social channels has doubled; 1:5 minutes is spent in a social channel. The Center for Eating Disorders at Sheppard Pratt – surveyed 600 Facebook users age 16-40
 51% responded that seeing photos of themselves and others on Facebook makes them more conscious of their body weight
 32% feels sad when comparing their Facebook photos to those of their friends
 While many people spend time criticizing, few time is spend on the positives and engaging in life in a meaningful way
 The toxic effects of public body, comparison go beyond the adolescent years.
 A lot of time is spent criticizing their own body & wishing they looked like someone else.
 80% log into Facebook at least once a day; 61% of that group log in several times a day Lynn Grefe, CEO of the National Eating Disorders Association
 For five years now, public health officials, doctors and the media have been alarmed on the nation's obesity epidemic, warning of the health dangers of eating too much and exercising too little. Our problem with weight is well publicized and hard to ignore.
 Lynn Grefe, CEO of the National Eating Disorders Association (NEDA) estimates that 11 million adults and kids have had some kind of eating disorder; the number of treatment centers nationwide is growing; and treatment providers are seeing younger sufferers - more girls and boys alike. • 95% of people who diet instead of following a healthy meal plan will gain back the weight they lose in between one and five years.
• At any given time, one in every three women and one in any four men are on a diet.
• 9/10 of girls who are high school juniors and seniors diet while only 1/10 of high school girls are overweight.
• Individuals who frequently diet often experience depression.
• By 1990 the average age that a girl began dieting had dropped to eight from fourteen in 1970.
• Roughly one half of girls in 4th grade are on diets.
• More than half of nine and ten-year-old girls admitted that they felt better about themselves when dieting. Social networking sites are more than just a channel to communicate but know like many other pages on the internet are surrounded by advertisement. In addition, there are pages to view that are all about fashion.Often this leads people to think of themselves of having a poor body image.
• According to a study from the University of Central Florida:

• A study showed that women experience an average of 13 negative thoughts about their body each day, while 97% of women admit to having at least one “I hate my body” moment each day.
• When asked to choose their ideal body shapes, 30% of women chose one that is 20% underweight while 44% chose an ideal body shape that is 10% underweight.
• One study showed that 75% of women consider themselves overweight when, in reality, only 25% were. Social channels are a popular new form of Internet communication. Previous work has addressed the role of Facebook and the ability to socialize. One recent study found that Facebook can enhance ‘‘social self-esteem,’’ measured as perceptions of one’s physical appearance, close relationships, and romantic appeal, especially when users received positive feedback from
Facebook friends. Individuals with low self-esteem may see particularly positive benefits from the social opportunities provided by Facebook. Social-network sites are designed to share information about the self with others, including likes/dislikes, hobbies, and personal musings via ‘‘wall posts,’’ and ‘‘status updates.’ This information could make people aware of their own limitations

Exposure to one’s Facebook site will have a more negative effect on self-esteem than traditional objective self-awareness
stimuli (e.g., mirror).
Participants who exclusively examine only their own profile will report higher self-esteem than participants who view other profiles in addition to their own profiles.
Participants who make changes to their profile during the experiment will report higher self-esteem than participants who do not. • Blogs are a perfect place to tell your story – they do well in search results and can drive media attention.
•A Facebook page can help volunteers become more deeply connected to your mission. They can add themselves as fans, write on your wall, upload photos, and join other fans in discussion groups. •Social networking can provide a great opportunity for managers to build trust with their team by encouraging them to use the sites for professional communications and for personal communications outside of work.
•Using social networks as an internal tool can dramatically increase the ability for companies to communicate with employees and, if done effectively, can positively impact engagement.
•The majority of companies studied found social platforms such as blogging, social networking, and online video to be successful. • Social networks also increases the communication between friends and family as well as establishes new relationships based on mutual experiences and interests. When an individual joins a social networking site such as Facebook or MySpace they are more than likely looking to connect with friends and family
• Its also a great way to start relationships. Whether it is just a friendship, a romance, or even a partnership, social networking can help us find these relationships. Social Networking Sites can also help with a business or company. It can help with marketing. The sites may also provide a good place for discussion, if it is too hard to meet in person.
• Social networking sites give parents the ability to keep tabs on many of their child's online postings, such as pictures and personal information, but without having to directly invade on their child's privacy
• Social networking sites allow people to instantaneously share information about their lives, including events, photos, videos and more, with their friends and family.
• Keeping in touch with people who live far away is much easier with social networking. Losing touch with old friends or distant family members is less likely to happen when you see their faces and updates every day on your social network.
• Social networks help people stay in close contact when daily life makes it difficult. •Social networking sites make the maintenance of real relationships easier and help people stay in touch with others. In this way people can weave their support networks more tightly and experience new aspects to the communities they have had around them already.
•Without the benefit of social networking, many families and relationships would fail under the burden of long distance phone charges or the long period of waiting you have to suffer when using the regular mail. With the use of social networking people not only get to stay in touch, for free in many cases, but they can get a response in minutes, instead of days, weeks or even months by regular mail.
•This again proves that social networking sites have had a positive effect on society. "Cyberbullying" is when a child, preteen or teen is tormented, threatened, harassed, humiliated, embarrassed or otherwise targeted by another child, preteen or teen using the Internet, interactive and digital technologies or mobile phones. It has to have a minor on both sides, or at least have been instigated by a minor against another minor. Once adults become involved, it is plain and simple cyber-harassment or cyberstalking. Adult cyber-harassment or cyberstalking is NEVER called cyberbullying. • Instant Messaging/Text Messaging Harassment
• Stealing Passwords
• Blogs
• Web Sites
• Sending Pictures through E-mail and Cell Phones
• Internet Polling
• Interactive Gaming
•Sending Malicious Code
•Sending Porn and Other Junk E-Mail and IMs
• Impersonation There are many forms of cyber bulling •Undermining your confidence, self-esteem and sense of security
•Affecting your performance and attendance at school
•Causing stress and affecting your health
•Affecting your professional reputation and career
•Marginalizing certain groups
•Fueling prejudice in areas such as race, religion and sexuality
•Leading to suicidal thoughts
•Affecting you for the rest of your life Politics Sixty percent 2,253 U.S. adults surveyed use social-networking sites including Facebook and Twitter, and of these users, 66 percent have conducted either civil or political activity through this communication channel. STUDY'S SHOW Whether republican or democratic, both parties have been involved in sharing their political content online so that their ideas are shared, liked, re-blogged, and posted on a global scale. Perception implications Social media is presented to youth mainly on these social networking cites. this has both it's positive and negative implications. For one, social networking is a great way to get the youth involved in politics. There is often a lack of involvement from youth, and in this way, it is presented to them in terms that they would understand. However, youth is often more subject to manipulation by clever political organizations. Every minute there are approximately 694,980 Facebook status updates 532,080 tweets

•80 percent of those posts are about themselves.
If there’s one thing social media has revealed very clearly it’s the level of self-obsession that we almost all have. More than one third (35 percent) of users tag themselves in the 250 million photos that are uploaded daily to social platforms. In addition, people with very low self esteem spend more than an hour every day on Facebook.
Facebook makes people self-conscious about there physical appearance. It’s proven that Facebook contributes to the obsession of weight and body. Many people chose to ‘un-tag’ any less than flattering picture of themselves 38 percent on social-networking sites use it to "like" or promote material related to politics or social issues. 52 percent of Democrats have done so, and 42 percent of Republicans agreed.
35 percent use online tools to try and encourage others to vote;
34 percent post their own thoughts or comment on politics online. Democrats who use social media (42 percent) and Republicans (41 percent) are most likely to reveal their political opinions.
33 percent re-post political content, and 31 percent use social networking to "take action on a political or social issue that is important to them." Separating each political party, 36 percent of Democrats, 34 percent of Republicans and 29 percent of independents have re-posted articles or links in the past.
In addition, 28 percent of social media uses post stories and links for others to read; liberal Democrats and conservative Republicans most likely to do so -- coming in at 39 and 34 percent respectively. 21 percent said they belong to a group on social networks that are involved in political or social issues, and 20 percent stated they follow officials and candidates online. Conclusion By: Salomon Navarro, Aileen Valdovinos, and Cesar Armas References - Citations: Bullying has many negative affects Why do children cyberbully?
They are often motivated by anger, revenge or frustration. Sometimes they do it for entertainment or because they are bored and have too much time on their hands and too many tech toys available to them. Many do it for laughs or to get a reaction. Some do it by accident, and either send a message to the wrong recipient or didn't think before they did something. The Power-hungry do it to torment others and for their ego. Revenge of the nerd may start out defending themselves from traditional bullying only to find that they enjoy being the tough guy or gal. Mean girls do it to help bolster or remind people of their own social standing. And some think they are righting wrong and standing up for others. How Cyberbullying can affect you. There is no "one size fits all" when it comes to bullying. Their motives differ from child to child, but the damage on the victim is all the same. The tool of Social Networking in our society is used responsibly on a professional level. It is used responsibly in regards to how some Social Networking sites that are used to the benefit of a political party and or campaign in terms of advertisement and awareness. In other words, "to spread the word".

Although, there is that advantage of politically related benefits that come from Social Networking sites in our society, there is also the downfall of responsbility when it comes to the use of Social Networking. When people in their adolescent stage of life, that being the youth, become involved with Social Networking, problems arise within themselves (Self Image Obsession) and amongst each other on the basis of peer interaction (Cyber-Bullying). The main purpose of these Social Networking sites is lost from these rising problems today in society involving youth. "Are Social Networking Sites Generally Beneficial to Our Way of Life?" – Debate.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Apr. 2013.
"Communicating through Digital and Social Media." N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.
"Facebook Fuels Obssesion with Body Image." N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Apr. 2013.
Gonzales, Amy L. Mirror, Mirror on My Facebook Wall:. Rep. Vol. 14. N.p.: n.p., 2011. Print.
"Media Influence." Eating Disorders and. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Apr. 2013.
"Social Networking: An Engagement and Communication Tool." - Talent Management Magazine. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Apr. 2013.
"${URLMapContent.title}." - Life123. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Apr. 2013.
"Using Social Media as a Communication Tool [Infographic]." Pamorama Social Media Marketing Blog RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Apr. 2013.

Pew Internet. "Social Media and Political Engagement | Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project." Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project. Pew Research Center, n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2013. <http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2012/Political-engagement.aspx>.
Wired Safety. "STOP cyberbullying." STOP cyberbullying: Cyberbullying - what it is, how it works and how to understand and deal with cyberbullies. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2013. <http://www.stopcyberbullying.org/>.

TIME Video. n.d. Video. 6 April 2013. Four out of five women in the U.S. are unhappy with their appearance.
• 81% of ten-year-old girls experience a fear of being fat.
• 42% of 1st through 3rd grade girls say they wish they were thinner.
• Adolescent girls are more afraid of gaining weight than getting cancer, losing their parents or nuclear war.
• More than half of white, adolescent girls who are a normal weight view themselves as fat.
• Seven out of ten women felt angrier and more depressed following the viewing of fashion model images.
• A study that offered pre-schoolers a choice between two dolls that were identical except for weight, the pre-schoolers chose the thinner doll nine out of ten times.
• Children were asked in one study to rate pictures of other children based on attractiveness. The obese child was rated less attractive than a child with a facial deformity, a child in a wheelchair and a child who is missing a limb. http://www.time.com/time/video/player/0_32068_710921182001_2037224_00.html
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