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Francisco Ledesma

on 13 June 2011

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Tania Michaus
Gisela Estrella
Francisco Ledesma Speakers: Teacher: David Huerta Mexico, CU, may 17 2011. and the
Symbolic Interactionism. Erving Goffman Reflections about Stigma. Erving…. who? sociologist and writer well-known
for his analyses of human interaction He based his theories less on formal scientific method than on observation to explain contemporary life. Thank you! :) he was the 73rd president of The American Sociological Association (ASA) It´s the 6th most-cited intellectual in the humanities and social sciences The presentation of self in everydays life
was Goffman’s first and most famous book,
for which he received the ASA
MacIver award in 1961 Society is not homogeneous.
We must act differently in different settings.
The context we have to judge is not society
at large, but the specific context. life is a sort of theater concept of face “as a sociological construct of interaction”,
is not a separable or permanent aspect
of the person Goffman saw connection between the kinds
of acts that people put on in their daily life
and theatrical performances a front region a back region Stigma: The Spoiled Identity Lets develop an idea to show the stigma: Social theory must be understood
and used by the lego pepole or simply senseless! tedious No this kind of legos! people who don’t know
anything about social theory Goffman makes
writings like a tool to
common people Stigma how the first & second
order relationships occur... lets see! 1st order, face to face 2nd order, mediated trought mass media what do we understand as stigma? in terms of Goffman means
"the situation in which an individual is disqualified
from full social acceptance." so...who, then, is not stigmatised?! stigma reduces considerable social life quality Stigma plays a relevant rol in our lives. Let’s think about the battle of ageing!!! NO!!! A battle that we’ve already lost again, Media sells the idea that we can change our look but, what’s the purpose? Social life is not only about what you have
but also about how you show or hide it. think about people who have
signs of physical deformation OR nice-looking people who hasn’t ever given a coin to a beggar? or poor people in the subway. or childrens in the streets or old people they drive their behaviour trying
to make you feel uncomfortable What does this mean? Stigma also limits social interactions
among “common” and “stigmatized” people. common people behaviour is totally ruled by
norms which condition our
ideas about what’s different. our cognitive structures do not allow us
to respond in a “normal” way when
facing a stigmatized people. when we don´t know what to do with this abnormality, it is in that moment that we create intolerance, homophobia, male chauvinism, social subclasses and whatever we can imagine. let’s not forget that everyone of us here no matter what our social condition is, we are all stigmatized, in one way or another we are victims of the judgments of others Looks for unifying intelligent thought and logical method with practical actions The two most significant intellectual roots of symbolic interactionisms are the philosophy of pragmatism and psychological behaviorism. Appeals to experience Introducing Symbolic Interaction Main points that interactionists took from A focus on the interaction between the actor and the world.
A view of both, the actor and the world as dynamic processes and not static structures.
The great importance attributes to the actor’s ability to interpret the social world. INCLUDES Defining objects in the social world
Outlining possible modes of conduct
Imagining the consequences of alternative courses of action eliminating unlikely possibilities
Selecting the optimal mode of action
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