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Copy of The Celts
Transcript of Copy of The Celts
Who were the Celts?
Where did they come from?
Celtic Social Order
Celtic Religon: Paganism
The Celts were polytheistic pagans, believing in many gods and selectively choosing whom to worship at any given time. They saw the Gods as ancestors not creators. Their creation legend involved the mother goddess "Danu" who fell to the Earth and transformed into a river.
The Romans said that the Celts were deeply religious and had a strict moral code regarding right vs wrong.
They believed that the world was separated into three categories: Earth, Air, and Water.They also believed that a human was divided into: Body, Soul, and Spirit.
Celtic Battle Methods
They had long and short fighting spears and large leather-covered shields with complex designs.
They wore their typical clothing (tartan trousers, simple shirts etc.) There are some Roman texts that suggest that they went into war naked but there is a lot of skepticism that statement's validity.
were the most powerful people in central and northern Europe from around 750 BC to 12 BC .The word "
comes from the Greek word, "
, which means barbarians and is properly pronounced as "Kelt".
They were a group of people who were united by a common language, religion, and culture while living in warring tribes. At the height of their power, the Celtic culture stretched across most Western and Central Europe.
They gradually infiltrated Britain over the course of the centuries between about 500 and 100 B.C. There was probably never an organized Celtic invasion; the Celts were so devoted to fighting, and the spirit was the same among all soldiers.The idea of losing a battle was stupid, and they did not even consider it.
There were three social classes:
The Warrior Upper Class
Headed by an elected King
Priests, Judges, Educators, Wise-Men
The King is elected through a process called the
when the old King is unfit to rule (or dead). The requirements for a candidate is to be old, have posessions, property, and to be in full control of his mind and body.
Little is known about the Druids save for a few, brief mentions in Roman texts. They left no written record of themselves but they were the educated . They were also poets, doctors and teachers.
The Celts formed huge trading networks with other tribes all across Europe. They also traded practical goods (metalwork, salt, horses) for luxury goods (wine, jewelry).
When the tribes didn't have a common enemy to fight against, there were often small inter-tribal wars and skirmish over land.
Intertribal wars were generally small skirmishes and rarely resulted in a lot of bloodshed. The fights were generally over territory or resources.
The Romans often fought with Celts while they were trying to expand their empire. Even if they thought of the Celts to be savages, wild people, they also considered them dangerous and fearless fighters.
The Celts believed the head is the source of a person's spirit. As such,it was considered a symbol of greater ability as a warrior to have a collection of your enemies heads embalmed in cedar oil.
The Celts believed that the Souls of the dead could return to Earth, visit their friends, and haunt their enemies. This day was called "Samhain", "All Soul's Day" or "Halloween".
After death, the Celts would bury their dead with all their worldly possessions in order to give them a good start in the after life.