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Juliana Ivanova

on 3 December 2014

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Transcript of Leukemia

Juliana Ivanova, Kirsten Gorski, and Hallie Mosteller

Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia
Abnormal white blood cells accumulate in bone marrow.
Rapidly spreads to other organs
B and T cells
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Blood stem cells become abnormal lymphocytes
Spreads to lymph nodes, spleen, and liver
Can take years to develop
What Causes It?
Artificial Radiation
Hair Dye
Who Is Most Affected?
Commonly affects between 3,500 children yearly as well as those of 65 years and older.
What It Is
Leukemia is a disease where the bone marrow and other blood-forming organs produce increased numbers of immature or abnormal white blood cells.
Types of Leukemia
Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL)
Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML)
Common treatments of Leukemia include Chemotherapy, Stem Cell transplant, and in severe cases, radiation.
Works Cited
Stages of CLL
National Cancer Institute
. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Treatment
National Cancer Institute at the National Institute of Health, 11 Nov. 2014. Web. 29 Nov. 2014.
What is Leukemia? What Causes Leukemia?
. MNT since 2003, 4 Sept.
2014. Web. 29 Nov. 2014.
Researchers Morning Glory.
Word Press, 1 March. 2014. Web. 29 Nov.2014
A New Way to Inherit Environmental Harm.
OhMy News, 13 June. 2005. Web.
29 Nov. 2014.
Cancer Treatment Centers of America.
Leukemia Types
. Cancer Treatment
Centers of America, 26 Nov. 2014. Web. 29 Nov. 2014.
National Cancer Institute.
Philadelphia Chromosome.
National Cancer
Insitute at the National Institute of Health, 11 Nov. 2014. Web. 29 Nov. 2014.

Stage O: Lymphocytes increase in blood
Stage I: Lymph nodes enlarge
Stage II: Spleen and/or liver enlarge
Stage III: Red blood cells
Stage IV: To few platelets in blood
Acute Myelogenous/ Lymphocytic Leukemia Treatment
chemotherapy to bring remission
stronger chemo treatment to eliminate hiding cells
CNS Prophylaxis-
Stops leukemia from spreading to brain
Chemotherapeutic drugs to prevent recurrence after remission
How Does It Start?
Blood cells divide rapidly and accumulate space of normal cells.
Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Bone marrow forms blast cells that can't mature
Produces abnormal red blood cells and platelets
Eight subtypes (M0-M7)

Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
Bone marrow forms unhealthy white blood cells that spread to the blood and organs
Chromosome: Philadelpia, 22, and 9

Chronic Myelogenous/Lymphocytic Leukemia Treatment
peripheral blood stem cell transplant before any other treatment
Determines a compatible Donor
Interferon-alpha therapy
normalize blood count
Full transcript