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Transcript of John Brown
John Brown's Timeline
In 1858, Brown liberated a group of enslaved people from a Missouri homestead and helped guide them to freedom in Canada. It was also in Canada that Brown spoke of plans to form a free black community in the mountains of Maryland and Virginia.
On the evening of October 16, 1859, Brown led a party of 21 men on a raid of the federal armory of Harpers Ferry in Virginia (now West Virginia), holding dozens of men hostage with the plan of inspiring a slave insurrection. Brown's forces held out for two days; they were eventually defeated by military forces led by Robert E. Lee. Many of Brown's men were killed, including two of his sons, and he was captured. Brown's case went to trial quickly, and on November 2 he was sentenced to death.
John Brown was a civil rights activist. He was born on May 9, 1800 in Torrington, Connecticut in a calvinist household. His nickname was "Old Osawatomie Brown". He died on December 2, 1859 in Charles Town, West Virginia. He died at the age of 59.
John Brown was born on May 9, 1800, in Torrington, Connecticut, to Ruth Mills and Owen Brown. Owen, who was a Calvinist and worked as a tanner, ardently believed that slavery was wrong. As a 12-year-old boy traveling through Michigan, John would witness an enslaved African-American boy be beaten, haunting him for years to come and informing his own abolitionism.
Though the younger Brown initially studied to work in the ministry, he instead decided to take up his father's trade. Brown wed Dianthe Lusk in 1820, and the couple had several children before her death in the early 1830s. He remarried in 1833, and he and wife Mary Ann Day would have many more children.
John Brown Timeline
1820 John Brown is born in Connecticut.
1846 Started helping slaves escape in Massachusetts
1849 Started helping slaves escape in New York
1851 Worked for the Underground Railroad
1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act opens two new states up as possible slave states
1856 Pottawatomie Massacre
1859 Harpers Ferry Raid
1859 John Brown is hanged
Civil Rights Activist: John Brown
"...I believe to have interfered as I have done...in behalf of His despised poor, was not wrong, but right."
- John Brown