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Module 2: Public Private Partnerships - PPPs Models

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Transcript of Module 2: Public Private Partnerships - PPPs Models

Port Terminal
PPP Models
escap-ttd@un.org

http://www.unescap.org/our-work/transport/financing-and-private-sector-participation

Thank you
Performance based remuneration
Only existing infrastructure
Limited transfer of risk (e.g. commercial risk)
Low complexity
Quick implementation
Improved efficiency
Operation Maintenance
O&M risks transferred
Leasing
Higher cost of financing
Underlying fiscal cost / liabilities
Complex / Long negotiation
Efficiency gains in all phases of the project
Private financing
... but critical role for the public sector
Risks, Obligations & Investment
Duration
Ownership
Building Rehabilitation
Public Sector
Private Sector
No asset transfer back to public authorities
Water Sector
Example 1
bonuses for exceeding targets
Water tariff
Private sector remuneration
Efficiency gains
Less challenging
Government
fees
Build
Operate
Transfer
Toll road Project
(e.g. Off-take agreement)
Regulatory role
Key characteristics
Different models for involving the private sector
Objectives
Public-Private Partnership (PPP) Models
PPP models
BOT
Leasing
BLT
PFI
BOOT
TOT
Concession
...
Example 2
Road Maintenance
What are you trying to achieve ?
Responsibilities shifted to the private sector ?
Cost certainty
fixed fee per pothole filled in a road
Unit Price
All potholes bigger than a certain dimension must be filled within x days
Performance based
Adequate maintenance
Paying on a per-input basis
Monitoring against performance indicators
Government Role
Hospital
example
example
Right to collect fees from users
DBFM0
BTO
Regular payments from the government if infrastructure is available
Monitoring against performance indicators
Regulatory oversight
BOO
Main "client" of the infrastructure built
(e.g. ensuring sufficient competition)
Capital Expenditures ?
No
Yes
Port infrastructure
User
Port authorities
Private
Operator
handling equipment
Private
Operator
capital investment
revenues
Public Asset
operating
Example
Medium Term (10+ years)
Asset condition
"User fees" model
"Availability" model
Long Term (20+ years)
Private sector responsible of building and financing a new public asset that it will have to operate / maintain
Revenue generation
Increased efficiency
short term
long term
Significant risk transfer
"leakage reduction"
Commercial risk
Targets
Risk transfer (maintenance)
(e.g. tariff arrangements)
Full transcript