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The Transitional Family
Transcript of The Transitional Family
By: Subaanki Srikanthan
In this assignment, I will share the experiences that the family I have made faced during the 1920s and 1930s. I will also exhibit how it was very different depending on many factors compared to the society we live in today by portraying social, economic, and political events during the 1920s and 1930s.
Family Name: The Andersons
Mother: Jamie Anderson
Career: Housewife and farmer, but is looking for a better job with reasonable wage
Wage: $50/acre of land
Hobbies: listening to the news on the radio, dancing in jazz clubs, tending the house, socializing and planting new crops for havesting season to make money
Father: Derek Anderson
Occupation (job): Previously a war veteran, coming back home looking for a job & now working in a low paying job within a factory
Wage: average annual salary is $1236
Hobbies: horse racing, dancing in jazz clubs with Jamie (wife) and working at the factory for minimum wage daily
Residing In: Winnipeg, Manitoba in a farmhouse
Background (originally from): Great Britain
Son: Jake Anderson
Job: Working with father in the factory to help support the family
Wage: average annual salary is $1236
Hobbies: fishing, farming crops with mother and going to the cinema
Daughter: Sharlene Anderson
Education: father sends her to schooling in the city to do household duties
Hobbies: doing chores around the house, helping mother do culinary arts (cooking) and going to the cinema with Jake
Son: Thomas Anderson
Education: schooling with older sister, Sharlene
Hobbies: harvesting newly grown crops that are ready, fishing with Jake, playing games outside with kids his age and going to the cinema with siblings
Daughter: Amy Anderson
Education: none, not much money available to spend for her schooling
Hobbies: playing with older brother Thomas, listening to the radio (music, comedy and mystery readings), watching cartoon movies with family every so often
October 15, 1920 (Economic Event)
The Winnipeg General Strike (Political Event)
The strike was called on May 15, 1919 in Winnipeg.
All workers in Winnipeg stopped work for 40 days.
Workers formed unions in order to strike, being influenced by radical union views.
It was a bloody clash between strikers and the North-West Mounted Police.
One man was killed by police bullets while others were injured.
Strike leaders were arrested and seven of them were taken to jail.
Immigrants were expelled and sent back to their homelands.
The workers wanted a better pay and to also have a better working environment.
Winnipeg Trades and Labour Council declared this as Canada's first general strike.
Contract talks between employers and metal and building trades workers cause for them to call a strike.
The Central Strike Committee was opposed to the strike.
This strike ended up as a defeat for the workers considering that the government set penalties, a maximum of 20-year jail sentence.
Communist revolution was proved false.
October 29, 1929 (Economic Event)
The Stock Market Crash ("Black Tuesday")
Consumerism & Ford's Assembly Line (Economic Event)
Henry Ford created the assembly line to make work easy and efficient
Each worker on the assembly line had a separate job
It ran from one end of the building to the other
This was officially made on October 15, 1920
Made in Detroit, Michigan
The assembly line was a big push for mass production
The cars made travelling more comfortable for families and farmers
Consumerism is when Canadians learned to "buy now, pay later"
Retailers encouraged them to buy now, paying only a deposit, then pay the remaining over the next few years with interest
Spending rose rapidly like wild-fire
1920s seemed to be a period of endless prosperity
My husband and son are working in a factory for minimum wage, but it isn't enough to feed the entire family. My husband, Derek, is a returning war veteran that was in search of a job and conveniently came by this opportunity in need. Both Derek and Jake, work in Winnipeg. Once the Winnipeg General Strike occurred, they have eagerly participated considering the fact that the cost of living was rising due to inflation. Because of their participation, our family income has diminished. This has happened, ever since the strike took place and lasted for 40 days. My family has dealt with this issue considerably, saving as much as we can to support our children. We need intuition for our children's education and for school funding.
Invention of Radios (Social Event)
Greatest communication invention in the 1920s
In 1919, Guglielmo Marconi, invented the first wireless radio and set the first commercial radio station in Montreal
Edward "Ted" S. Rogers found a way of plugging the radio directly into household electricity
First battery-less radio; sold for $150
Helped to shrink Canada's vast size
It was made to enhance communication levels between people in several locations
My family and I think that the radio is a great invention. It is portable now and accessible. We bought our first one once we sold about 4 acres of crops. We are all very different and have unique taste in radio stations. Only my mother and I listen to the radio every so often. It has let my mother be able to catch up with the daily news updates. For entertainment, I listen to music, comedy, and mystery readings. Mystery readings catch my eye because many people here find it odd that a girl like me does not do housework with her mother.
My father and I have came to the conclusion that Henry Ford is a genius for creating the assembly line. Each of the workers have a separate job and a range of the same pay. We had more money than what we thought we would be receiving. Consumerism is a new word that I have recently heard. On propagandas, they show various photographs persuading people to spend money. There is now what is called a "buy now, pay later" concept. My family has started doing this. The thing is, we do not know what is yet to come.
Early April, 1935
On-to-Ottawa Trek (Political Event)
1500 residents of federal unemployment relief camps in British Columbia went on strike, moving by train & truck to Vancouver
Organized by the radical Workers' Unity League and led by WUL officer Arthur "Slim" Evans
Programs of support for people who are poor, sick or unemployed did not exist and there was opposition to help any kind from the government
R.B. Bennett passed two relief acts, one being public works and the other was relief/relief camps
Relief payment from the government were usually less than could be earned at the worst paying job
Relief inspectors would often give families preferential treatment
The government was worried about the number of unemployed men roaming the country for work, they set up work camps for these men to make money
The people were hoping to present the Prime Minister with their demans for better living conditions
I have been sent to a relief camp. The depression that is going on costed me my job. I was roaming around the country with a few other men I knew from war. They were also unhappy knowing they didn't have enough to help raise their family. This nonsense has to end once and for all. Luckily, R.B. Bennett had gave us simple tasks to do to earn some money. I have been doing this since 1930 and I am fed up now. The make-work projects are pointless, the place is overcrowded, and the camps have a military style to them. I took part in this protest to present to R.B. Bennett with my demands for better living conditions. Soon, we got paid more and ended up being provided transportation back to the camps.
"Talkies" Movies (Social Event)
In the 1930s Talkies replaced the silent films of the 1920s
Going to the movies was an afternoon event that included seeing a newsreel, cartoon, B-Movie (short film), and feature film
Mary Pickford was a famous actress in the 1930s and even though she was known as "America's Sweetheart" she was actually born in Toronto
"The Front Page" invented the Talkies in the 1930s
They were considered moving pictures with sound
It was made to fascinate people with the ability to comprehend what the actors and actresses are saying
I am exhilarated that movies finally have sound. Now I can understand what the people in the movie are trying to say. It isn't another one of those silent movies, these are called "Talkies". This is pretty new to me, I am wondering how they thought of this. It is a benefit for the family when we have some loose change we want to spend. We go to the movies every so often. There are special afternoon events at the cinema to go see various genres of movies. It is intense and I want this to continue on for a very long time.
Black Tuesday was the day the stock market crashed on October 29, 1929
The was one of the most dramatic evnts signaling the Depression
Many people who invested in the stock market lost everything in the crash
You can buy and sell 'shares', also known as 'stocks' to potential business partners on the stock market
Also, you may keep the stock and be paid part of the company's profits, this payment is called a dividend
'On margin' is when you borrow the money from a stock brokers firm, buy the stocks, and pay the firm a small monthly fee until all money is paid back
Decreased sales meant decreased profit for stock owners
Prices dropped as more and more investors tried to sell their shares
New York Stock Exchange had lost four billion dollars
Stock values had dropped by fifteen billion dollars
All the money I had invested for my family to be wealthy is all gone, not even a penny left. This is such a terrible tragedy. I should have sold our stocks as soon as possible. I bought 100 shares within the lowest price range for that particular stock. I didn't have time to think over when I should sell out to get my profits in cash from the bank. I should've sold the items when the prices were at its peak point. How am I ever going to get 10 million dollars back? I guess I have to earn money the hard way. Note to self: do not invest in stocks at any specific moment in life.
The "Roaring" 1920s
To Live In The 1920s
Canada in the 1930s
The Dirty Thirties
The Great Depression in Canada 1/2
Great Depression in Canada 2/2