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the war at sea

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Shelby Cash

on 3 April 2013

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Transcript of the war at sea

The War Begins/The War at Sea When James Madison takes office in 1809, there is much hostility between the U.S. and England. The states were enraged because England had been enforcing the Native Americans in southern Canada, helping them to prevent America from expanding. In addition, England had been impressing U.S. ships, or seizing them and forcing the sailors to serve in the British Navy. The War Begins Reasons For War U.S. Debates War There was much conflict within the American Government regarding whether or not they should go to war with Britain. On one hand, there were people who were all for war. These people were nicknamed "War Hawks" and were led by two members of the House of Representatives: Henry Clay and John Calhoun. They felt that the country's honor was at stake, and that England could not be allowed to supply Native Americans and impress ships; no matter the cost. They had a very strong sense of nationalism, or pide for their country. On the other hand,
there were the New England states. Because so much trade was done with England in these states, they felt that a war with England would severely hurt the economy. Therefore, they greatly opposed war. Eventually, the "War Hawks" win the debate. In June of 1812, Congress declares war on England. With the start of the war of 1812, America is
feeling very confident. After all, Britain was at
war with France in Europe. This would make
it much harder for them to defeat America,
having spent so many resources in Europe.
However, despite the war with France, England
still outnumbered America in almost all aspects.
This was in part due to Jeffersons spending cuts,
which reduced the army and navy.
In addition, one of the first things England did
at the start of the war was blockade American ports.
They sent huge amount of war ships to block off the ports, making it extremely difficult for America to trade,
or send off war ships of their own. This blockade would continue for the majority of the war. England Naval Strengths Americans 34 Frigates
7 Ships of the Line
Dozens of smaller ships
Excellent Officers and Sailors 7 frigates
Privateers
Excellent sailors and an abundance of trained seamen Frigates Frigates are three-masted war ships which carry fifty-six to sixty 24-pound long guns and 32 to 42-pound cannon on two decks. Although England had more Frigates, American Frigates were generally larger and more maneuverable. Privateer- a private person or ship authorized by a government to attack foreign shipping during wartime. American Privateers helped capture over 1300 British ships total. Privateers American Privateer Ships of the Line Between America and England, only England had Ships of the Line. These ships were larger than Frigates, carrying up to 70 cannon. They were, however, less maneuverable. Throughout the war of 1812, the U.S. won the vast majority of the naval battles. This is due to superior, faster ships that although outnumbered, could beat virtually any British ship one on one. Also, the British were overconfident at first which caught them off gaurd. In addition, the American privateers played a vital role in victory. In fact, the privateer ship True-Blooded Yankee captured 27 British merchant ships off the coast of Ireland in one month! In all, privateers captured about 1,300
ships over the course of the war. Reasons for Success "Old Ironsides" An American and British vessel during a naval battle This is a comparison between sizes of navies. Clearly, the Americans are outnumbered. England Americans Prezi by: Shelby Cash and Will Carson Thanks y'all for watching this long and agonizing prezi!

p.s. This is burnie
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