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Totalitarianism - Brave New World
Transcript of Totalitarianism - Brave New World
- Old things should not be used or repaired
- Fixing broken things does
not help the economy
- Old things must be destroyed to promote consumerism
"Ending is better than mending.”
“The more stitches, the less riches."
Totalitarianism in Brave New World
World State controlled by:
Banning of information (books)
"the concept that an ever-expanding consumption of goods is advantageous to the economy"
WHAT IS IT?
-"Companies exploiting (utilizing their workers) and the environment in the name of profits"
-Using others for one's own needs
-Big Corporations do this
Brave New World:
Over-Organization and Totalitarianism
- Economic stability is the basis of the stability of the World State
- The World State encourages people to consume goods and services in order to sustain the economy of the World State
- Consumerism is used to control the population
- People are made dependent on consumption
- consumption = happiness
- more material goods
= better quality of life
- People buy goods which improves the economy, and benefits society
People buy goods
and are happy
Goods must be
manufactured which creates jobs
People are kept busy
making goods, no time
for individual thought
makes people want
to buy more goods
and the Media
- Exposure to consumerism from a young age
- External influences, not subconscious conditioning
- Achieved through TV, radio, magazines,
the internet, billboards, etc.
- Consumerism improves happiness and social status
- People feel constantly dissatisfied with
what they have, always want more
“We condition the masses to hate the country. But simultaneously we condition them to love all country sports. At the same time, we see to it that all country sports shall entail the use of elaborate apparatus. So that they consume manufactured articles as well as transport."
Games in the World State
- Games requiring expensive equipment are played like obstacle golf and centrifugal bumble-puppy
- Games in our society that do not need a lot of apparatus to play like soccer are abolished by the World State
"Imagine the folly of allowing people to play elaborate games which do nothing whatever to increase consumption. It’s madness. Nowadays the Controllers won’t approve of any new game unless it can be shown that it requires at least as much apparatus as the most complicated of existing games." [pg. 23]
"You can't consume much if you sit still and read books." [pg. 50]
- Everyone works to maintain supply and demand caused by mass consumption
"A love of nature keeps no factories busy." [pg. 17]
- Work and consumption = top priority
- Most children prefer to play games using expensive technology like iPads and computers and video games rather than games that
cost less money
- Big companies like Apple are successful at selling their products because of the way they advertise
- People use products as a status symbol
- Consumerism is a big part of our society and the World State
- In our world, we are influenced to consume by the media and advertisements
- In Brave New World, people are influenced to consume by the World State conditioning and hypnopaedia
- The World State uses consumerism to
control the population and improve economy
- We consciously choose to be consumers, the people in the World State are programmed to want to consume
-Less than $3 a day
-More than 3 billion people live on
less than $2.50 a day
-Rich get richer, poor get poorer
-Strategy used by big companies to earn higher profits
- Economic system + mode of production in which trade, industries, and the means of production are largely or entirely privately owned and operated for profit
-Democratic, State, Mercantilism
-"Doing well is the result of doing good. That's what capitalism is all about"
-World State controls everything
-Predestinators determine citizens' role
-No monogamy, no traditional natural family
-Alphas & Betas are superior to Gammas, Epsilons and Deltas
-Conditioned to be happy and stable, no need to protest
-Drug called "
-Best tool government has
to control population
-Distracts, calms and sedates person
-People are enslaved from true emotions
-Similar to a drug we use called "
-"Everyone works for everyone else. We can't do without any one"
-Constant work, no stalling, no failing
Exploitation in Qatar
-Construction workers severely exploited
-Forced into labour
-Deprived of pay, left struggling to survive
Employers displayed disregard for basic human rights
- World State: People are perfectly conditioned, made to work, stabilized and happy with Soma, long working hours
-Our World: Many workers exploited, have no voice,some not payed enough, however not bad everywhere
Dictatorship of Big Government
A form of government characterized by high public spending and a centralization of political power
Spending in BNW:
New clothes = higher status
Complicated games made of many parts
Centralization of Power:
Totalitarian government - seeks to control all aspects of each person's life
In Brave New World:
Limited individual freedom
Media severely restricted
Hypnopaedic teaching to favour consumerism
"'This man, [...] By his heretical views on sport and
, by the scandalous unorthodoxy of his sex-life, by his refusal to obey the teachings of Our Ford [...] has proved himself an enemy of Society [...] I propose forthwith to apply for his transference [...] as far as possible removed from any important Centre of population.'" (Huxley 129-130)
The World State: Benevolent Totalitarian Big Government
Citizens controlled through:
Promise of happiness if they cooperate
Consumerism being the base of the economy
"For of course some sort of general idea they must have, [...] though as little of one, if they were to be good and happy members of society, as possible." (Huxley 2)
"Who knows nothing fears nothing"
Case 1: North Korea
Control and rule through fear and military force
Out-of-country media banned
Crimes punishable by death
Similarities to the World State
Without hypnopaedia, assigned jobs could be seen as forced labour
Restriction of books in BNW similar to foreign media ban in North Korea
Case 2: India
Similar to BNW in that it seems mostly benevolent at first glance
Still controlling: Film regulation and banning of beef consumption
"Big Government." Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, 2015. Web. 05 Apr. 2015.
"Modi's Master Plan." Toronto Star 07 Apr. 2015: A9. Print.
"Totalitarianism | Government." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 2015. Web. 05 Apr. 2015.
"World Report 2014: North Korea." World Report 2014: North Korea. Human Rights Watch, 2011. Web. 05 Apr. 2015.