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Transcript of English
Actions that are taking place at the moment or for future actions
Used to express actions that already happened
Express the idea that an action is repeated or usual
Subject + verb to be + complement
I am cold
You are sad
She is a teacher
Subject + verb to be +
I am not cold
You are not sad
You aren't sad
She is not a teacher
She isn't a teacher
I'm not cold
She's a teacher
Verb to be + subject + complement
Are you a teacher?
Is she happy?
QW+ Verb to be + subject + complement
Where are you?
Why is she happy?
Subject + verb + complement
Subject + do not + verb + complement
I go to school by car
She eats hamburgers
I don't go to school by car
She doesn't eat hamburgers
When we use "he, she or it" we add
at the end of the verb
Do + subject + verb + complement
Do you go to school by car?
Does she eat hamburgers?
QW + do + subject + verb + complement
How do you go to school?
What does she eat?
Subject + verb + complement
Subject + did not + verb + complement
I do not go to school by car
She does not eat hamburgers
I ate pizza yesterday
She worked with you the last night
I didn't eat pizza yesterday
Did + Subject + verb + complement
Did they eat here yesterday?
Did he call me the last night?
QW + did + Subject + verb + complement
Where did you go this morning?
When did she go to the doctor?
Subject + to be + verb + complement
Subject + to be + not + verb + complement
I am listening music
She is traveling next summer
I'm listening music
She's traveling next summer
I'm not taking a shower
I am not taking a shower
She isn't traveling next summer
She's not traveling next summer
To be + Subject + verb + complement
Are you enjoying the party?
QW + to be + Subject + verb + complement
Is she traveling next summer?
What are you eating?
Where is she traveling tomorrow?
Subject + have + verb + complement
Subject + have + not + verb + complement
We have seen this movie many times
We've seen this movie many times
He has traveled to USA four times
We haven't seen this movie
We have not seen this movie
He hasn't traveled to USA
He has not traveled to USA
She didn't work with you the last night
Thanks for your attention
Luz Ma. Cervantes
We use it when we want to express facts
Have +Subject + verb + complement?
QW + Have +Subject + verb + complement?
Have you eaten this before?
Has he finished his homework?
We CAN use the Present Perfect with unspecific expressions such as:
ever, never, once, many times, several times, before, so far, already, yet, etc.
I have never sent a letter.
Have you ever traveled to Mexico?
James hasn't finished his homework yet.
How many books have you read this year?
Why have you gone to the hospital this week?