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World War II and the Cold War Timeline

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Nick Cianciolo

on 3 October 2012

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Transcript of World War II and the Cold War Timeline

World War II and the Cold War September 1939 Germany Invades Poland August 29, 1949 USSR Gets The Atomic Bomb December 7, 1941 Pearl Harbor June 4, 1942-June 7,1942 Battle Of Midway The Atomic Bomb August 14, 1945 V-J Day Created in April 25, 1945 United Nations July 17, 1945 Potsdam Conference March 12, 1947 Truman Doctrine 1946 Iron Curtain 1947 Marshall Plan June 26, 1948-September 30, 1949 Berlin Airlift 1948 Creation of the State of Israel April 4, 1949 NATO 1949 China Falls to Communism June 25, 1950-July 27, 1953 Korean War April 7, 1954 Domino Theory Marked the beginning of WWII
Germany had signed non-aggression pact with the USSR
Lebensraum (Hitler's idea of "living space")
France and Great Britain declare war on Germany FDR expecting an attack soon due to poor Japanese negotiations
Total surprise to US troops (B-17s)
5 battleships, 3 destroyers, and 7 other ships sunk
200 aircraft destroyed
3600 Americans killed or wounded
Caused US to join the war Japanese raid
US outnumbered
US destroyed 4 Japanese carriers (US lost 1)
Supposed to be a surprise attack, but US broke Japanese intelligence
Turning point of the war August 6, 1945 and August 8, 1945 Dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Truman's decision
Other option was a full invasion (would have cost even more American lives)
First bomb was a warning to Japan
Second bomb was to bring quick end to the war Japan surrenders unconditionally
Finally ended the war
Official surrender accepted on U.S.S. Missouri on September 2, 1945 Born of necessity
Used to negotiate peace between countries
Also used for the preservation of peoples' rights (threat of communism)
UN Security Council (US, Great Britain, France, Soviet Union, and China) Truman, Churchill, and Stalin
Germany has to pay reparations
Division of land agreed on at Yalta Conference
Each country had to guard its long-term interests Used to describe division of power between communism and the free world
Said by Churchill in a speech on March 5, 1946 Declaration by Truman
Talked about US supporting countries threatened by communism
Turkey and Greece
Guidelines for US foreign policy Plan of economic assistance to western Europe
Signed by Truman on April 3, 1948
Provided broader market for US goods (prevented postwar recession) Soviet Union blockaded West Berlin
Citizens didn't have supplies
Planes flew in supplies and food
277264 flights
Foiled Soviet's plan without firing a shot Britain has control of Palestine
Jews wanted their homeland back
UN split Palestine between Jews and Arabs North Atlantic Treaty Organization
United States, Great Britain, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Denmark, Italy, Luxembourg, Norway, Iceland, Canada, and Portugal
Self defense against soviet aggression Mao Zedong (influenced by Marxism) First successful detonation (Kazakhstan)
Klaus Fuchs arrested for passing info to soviets (helped develop US nuclear bombs) North vs. South (communism vs. UN)
Truman dispatched military (police action)
Allowed South Korea to move into North Korea
Ended in stalemate Speech by Eisenhower
If one country fell to communism, others would follow Warsaw Pact May 14, 1955 The Soviet Union and its satellite countries sign a mutual defense treaty
Included Soviet Union, Albania, Poland, Romania, Hungary, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, and Bulgaria
Full transcript