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Quotation Marks

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by

Tomas Salvador

on 15 August 2013

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Transcript of Quotation Marks

Quotation Marks
Basic
Punctuation
Inside the quote
Other Facts
Quote within quote
"Quote-ception"
Direct Quotation
Indirect Quotation
He said, "Lindsey should go to the doctor."
Never shout “No, don’t do it!” at an actor in a play.
A direct quotation is placed on the exact words an author or speaker states. The words go inside quotation marks.
An indirect quotation is a paraphrase of what a person has said. Unlike direct quotations, you do NOT need to use quotation marks.
Bod said that you did not have to go anywhere today.
Father said I should stay home today.
When quoting what a person said, you capitalize the
Spot the difference?
Commas are not always used before a quotation.

If the quotation is being used as dialogue or if it leads into a specific situation, then a comma is generally used.
However, if it is being used as a comment then a comma is not needed.
Example:
Bob stood horrified and shouted, “No, don’t do it!” at the actor.
or
Outside the quote
Not all punctuation HAS to go inside the quotes.
Have you read, "The Things They Carried"?
If punctuation is not a part of the phrase you are quoting, then it will go outside of the quotation marks.
There are two different rules when placing commas and periods inside quotation marks.
American rules
Britain rules

American rules
Requires periods and commas to go inside the quotation marks
Sally said, "I want to stay home."
"I want to stay home," said Sally.
British rules
If the commas and periods are in the quote itself then they should be inside.
If not then they go outside
The bus driver said, "Please get off my bus, sir".
The difference between American and British quotation marks.
Single quotes are used when you are quoting a phrase and there is a quote within that phrase
"I told him, 'Bob tell Jasmine to get ready,' as I left off to work," said Edith.
Single quotes can also be used when starting off a quotation
'Good morning,' said Pepe.
"Good morning," said Pepe.
Remember:
The way you open up a quote, should be the way you close it.
If you start off with a double quote ("..) then you should end with a double quote (..")
British used quotation marks known as "inverted commas".
They use single quotation marks to start off a quotation more commonly than the U.S.
These are known as quotation marks in America.
Double quotation marks is frequently used in America.

It is expected to use double quotation marks rather than using single quotation marks.
Examples:
1) Mary is trying hard in school this semester, her father said.

2) When did Roosevelt say, We have nothing to fear but fear itself?

3) My French professor told me that my accent is abominable.

4) Certainly, Mr. Martin said, I shall explain the whole situation to him. I know that he will understand.

Answers:
1) "Mary is trying hard in school this semester,"her father said.

2) When did Roosevelt say, "We have nothing to fear but fear itself"?

3) indirect quote

4) "Certainly," Mr. Martin said, "I shall explain the whole situation to him. I know that he will understand."
History
Before quotation marks existed, dialect would just be spoken out loud.
During the Renaissance, quotes were identified as italic font.
Starting in 1714, quotation marks were used in direct speech.
In 1749, single quotation marks, or inverted commas, were used commonly.
At the end of the show he tried convincing us he was not "scared".
Full transcript