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Thomas Jefferson

biography for mrs. allen

El Zorro De Angeles

on 29 April 2010

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Transcript of Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson 3rd President By Joshua Dunson Early life -> -> Childhood Thomas Jefferson was born on April 13, 1743 into a family related to the prominent founders of virginia. Although two of his siblings died, he was the third of ten children. He was born to Peter Jefferson( a planter and surveyor) and Jane Randolph( daughter of a captain). Education -> -> Jefferson began attending a local school run by a scottish minister. He studyied latin, Greek, and French up untill his father died when he was 14. He inherited 5,000 acres of land and Slaves. He built his home there and it was called Monticello. He went to college at age 16 at william and mary in williamsburg(Graduated with honors in 1762. After college -> -> On, October 1, 1765 Jane Jefferson Died(this put Tom in deep mourning) directly after the absence of Mary Jefferson. Shortly after Jefferson became a lawyer in colonial Virginia and managed more than a hundred cases each year between 1768 to 1773. towards the revolution -> -> Besides practicing law, Jefferson followed the passage of the Coercive Acts by the British Parliament in 1774, he wrote a set of resolutions against the acts. Jefferson also argued that parliament was the legislature of Great Britain Only, and had no legislative authority in the Colonies. but his ideas proved to be too radical for that body of first continental congress. Drafting a declaration -> -> Jefferson served as a delegate to the Second Continental Congress beginning in June 1775, not shortly after the Revolutionary War begun. Congress began considered a resolution of independence they gave Jefferson. He was appointed a five man committee to prepare the draft for the Declaration of indepeendence. presidency -> -> Not shortly after his term for seceratary of state under George washington he was elected vice president under John Adams. After the terms of his successor he ran for office in 1800 against John Adams. He won the elction with Aaron Burr as his vice president yet dropped him after he killed Hamilton in a duel. his terms --> -> Jefferson repealed many federal taxes and sought to rely on mainly customs revenue. He pardoned people who had been imprisoned under the Alien and Sedition acts passed by John Adams because he believed it was unconstitutional. He removed many of Adams "midnight judges" which led to the case of Marbury v. Madison. He began and won the first Barbary War and established the United States Military academy at west point in 1802. Despite his misgivings about power to buy land he bought Louisiana from Fance doubling the size of the U.S. Later in 1803 on Jefferson's order his ex-vice president was tried for treason. It wasn't in effect because the Marshall said that the constitution could not let him use that power therefore the Embargo act was signed which he damage to his rep. Still it was ineffective and was repealed at the end of his second term. end of his presidency -> -> After he left the presidency he became the founder of the University of Virginia in 1819. He was a proponent of the greek and roman styles, he believed they represented the American democracy. A survey identified Jefferson's campus as the most significant work of Architecture in America. Jefferson unfortunately died on July 4,1826 the 50th Anicersary of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence. The End
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