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Lies by Yevgeny Yevtushenko

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by

Phil Nordstrom

on 22 April 2014

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Transcript of Lies by Yevgeny Yevtushenko

Lies
Yevgeny Yevtushenko
Title (Before)
The title “lies” suggests that this poem might talk about the negative consequences that arise from lies. Since a lie is a negative connotation, the author Is most likely going to talk about why people are likely to tell lies and as well what type of circumstance burdens us to tell lies. Most likely the author's values and beliefs would endorse diligence and honesty. On the other hand, lies may save those who cannot bear to handle the truth. Words are powerful and despite the guilt, deception of the truth may be the only way to protect or preserve the better way of life.

Paraphrase
In the beginning, the author of the poem talks about how adults should never tell lies to the young in any circumstance. The author suggests that telling the youth that lies are truth is also wrong. Furthermore, the author says that youth are radiant people that are fully attentive to every little detail. Telling the young lies are ok will result in a negative impact in the long run. Instead, the author suggests to the adults to tell the youth about the limitless obstacles and hardships they might face in life so that they are better prepared for it. Finally, that the price of happiness isn’t joyful experience and that if adults continue to lie to the young and sugar coat the truth, we will not forgive out selves in the future for the dreadful actions we have done.
The author’s main message in the poem is claiming that happiness cannot be achieved unless it is paid for with sincere commitment. The author generally talks through repetition and mostly talks about how lies are wrong and that difficulties, obstacles, sorrow, and hardship is the price of happiness. He finally suggests that although the prices of happiness are all negative, he still encourages the people not to tell lies to the young because it could result in a bad impact in the distant future for them and their future self
Shifts
Yevtushenko begins the poem with a critical view of what is being told to the youth. As he continues the poem switches in views and explains why rather than the consequences of the future. With this shift, the poem begins with a solemn tone and moves on to give hope to those do reveal the truth.
Title (After)
The author has a consistent feeling of distaste for the lies that are spread among the youth. The truth may be harsh but it will prepare for the upcoming trial. The poet seems to avoid telling lies in order to create a sense of change. Yevtushenko wrote this poem in 1960 in the Soviet Union. The lies that were told were probably ones to promote the "Golden" life that everyone experienced while living in the USSR.
Theme
We believe that the theme of the poem is there is no justification for the repeated lies and eventually everyone will know the truth. This poem, being written during the time of the USSR, attacked the lies that made people believe that society was perfect and should stay the same. In the poem, Yevtushenko explains what will happen when the lies continue through the generations. "... it will repeat itself/ a hundredfold/... not forgive in us/ what we forgave."
Attitude
Figures of Speech
The poem has no literary devices that enhance the reading but it has a firm stance on what is right compared from the poet's time period.
Ray Philip Moaz
Pg. 60
Lying to the young is wrong.
Proving to them that lies are true is wrong.
Telling them
that God’s in his heaven
and all’s well with the world
is wrong.
They know what you mean.
They are people too.
Tell them the difficulties
can’t be counted,
and let them see
not only
what will be
but see
with clarity
these present times.
Say obstacles exist they must encounter,
sorrow comes,
hardship happens.
The hell with it.
Who never knew
the price of happiness
will not be happy.
Forgive no error
you recognize,
it will repeat itself,
a hundredfold
and afterward
our pupils
will not forgive in us
what we forgave.
Full transcript