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Spain

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by

Marko Ikävalko

on 16 May 2014

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Transcript of Spain

Spain - Espanja - España
Made by: Lauri and Marko
Location and areas
General information
Landform
Imports and exports
Food Culture
Culture
History
Sources
Sports
Nature
Tourism
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spain
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sp.html
http://www.lonelyplanet.com/spain
http://www.red2000.com/spain/
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/spain
http://www.matkailu-opas.com/espanjan-kasvillisuus.html
http://www.spain.info/fi/disfruta/en_la_naturaleza/
http://fi.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antoni_Gaud%C3%AD
Eurooppa book by Matti Leinonen, Arto Martikainen, Teuvo Nyberg, Simo Veistola and Sanna Jortikka
King: Juan Carlos I
Form of government: Constitutional monarchy
Prime minister: Mariano Rajoy
Capital: Madrid
Other big cities: Barcelona, Sevilla, Valencia
Area: 505 370 km²
Population: 47 212 990
Official languages: Spanish, Catalan, Galician, Basque
Main church: Catholic
Currency: Euro
Independence: 1512
Time zone: UTC+1, summer time UTC+2
Motto: "Further beyond"
National Anthem: Marcha Real
- Typical food in the southern part of Spain is usually made of vegetables and fruit.
- At the coast they prefer seafood and shellfish. - Spain is famous for its paella, which is spiced rice, vegetables, chicken and shellfish.
- Olive oil, wine, garlic and white bread are important in all parts of the country.
- Gazpacho and soup del ajo are very famous soups in Spain.
- For starters spanish people eat usually tapas
- A tapas can be meatballs, olives or chorizo sausage in skewers.
- A typical beverage to consume alongside food is wine or beer. Spanish beer is light and refreshing.
- Spanish people usually eat lunch at 2 am and dinner at 10 am with their family.
- Spain has many famous desserts and churro is one of the most famous ones.
- Football is the most popular sport in Spain.
- In football, it has won the Euro Cup in 1964, 2008 and 2012, the World Cup in 2010 and the Olympics in 1992.
- It has hosted the Olympics once, in 1992.
- It is also very successful at tennis and futsal.
- Motor sports are also popular, with names like Fernando Alonso and Carlos Sainz

- In the eleventh century (1000), the muslim control had been reduced and
the land was split into many independent countries.
- In 1469, two of the countries became one with the marriage of their rulers, Isabella of Castilla and Ferdinand of Aragon.
- In 1492, the last Arab base in Spain was taken over and Christopher Columbus discovered America.
- For the next 2 centuries, the Spanish Empire blossomed.
- By the twentieth century (1900), the Spanish control had been reduced into the modern state.
- The Spanish civil war (1936-1939) was won by the forces led by Francisco Franco.
- Franco ruled the land to his death in 1975. In 1977 Juan Carlos I was crowned as the king.
- Spain joined NATO in 1982.
Capital
Music culture
- Spain is located in the far south-west part
of Europe and is a part of the Iberian peninsula.
- It's neighboring countries are France and Andorra
in the north, Portugal in the west and Great
Britain (Gibraltar) and Morocco in the south.
- Spain is divided into 17 different autonomous regions.
Industry
Royal family
Climate
- The industry in Spain is very varied
- Mostly a highland called "meseta", broken by ravines and riverbeds.
- Mountain areas in the north (Pyrennes Mountains) and in the south (Sierra Nevada).
Language
- Spain is a popular place for tourists to go, due to the nice climate, rich cultural influence, good food etc. Because of that tourism is the most common source of livelihood.
- The tourism industry is second largest in world,
- Spain has many great rated star hotels, so people want to go there. The system is very demanding.
- It has many nice cities were are many shopping centers, beaches, restaurants and cultural attractions and other interesting places.
- For some products the price level is lower than ours
- Spanish is spoken all over the world, and thus there are many variations of it. However, the differences aren't usually very big.
- Specifically, it is spoken in Mexico, most of South America (except Brazil), Equatorial Guinea, Cuba and of course Spain.
- Here are some basic Spanish words and sentences:
Thank you - Gracias Excuse me - Perdon! Esta bien - Okay No importa - It's alright
My name is... - Me llamo... Hi! - Hola! How are you doing? - Como estas? Fine, thank you. And how about you? - Bien, gracias. Y tu?
1 - uno 2 - dos 3 - tres 4 - cuatro 5 - cinco 6 - seis 7 - siete 8 - ocho 9 - nueve 10 - diez
- North: Lots of wind from the Atlantic ---> Rain ---> Plants grow
- The climate is warm and dry on the East and South coasts.
- Inland: Big differences between summer and winter. The winter is cold and the summer is very hot.
- The climate in Spain can be very difficult for the farmers.
- Spain is one of the the first countries where global warming has affected
Imports:
Machinery, equipment, fuels, chemicals and medical instruments.
Exports:
- Agricultural:
- South-east: Tomatoes, cucumbers, sweet peppers and melons.
- South: Citruses, olive trees and grapevines.
- North: Grapevines and olive trees.
Motor vehicles, basic metals, machinery, chemicals, minerals and textiles.
- Spain is a meeting point of many cultures
- The Colonies of Carthago, Greece and Rome based the
culture of Spain
- The most famous modern architect in Spain was Antoni Gaudi
- Antoni Gaudi designed Sagrada Familia and Park Güell
- Salvador Dali and Pablo Picasso were famous Spanish painters
- Their paintings can be seen in Reina Sofia museum
- Spain is famous for its nature, it's very fantastic and very versatile due to the landform and climate.
- You can find beautiful lakes, rivers, mountains, volcanoes, parks and many kind of forests
- Spain has many national parks, for example Doñana, Garajonay, Monte Perdido and Tablas de Daimiel
- In the northern parts of Spain grows a lot of different types of trees.
- The trees in the southern parts can survive dryness well.
- Wildlife conservation is a big issue in Spain. Despite this several native Spanish animals are endangered.
- Spanish wildlife: storks, lynx, foxes, brown bears, wild boars, vultures, bats, shrews etc.
- Spanish fauna: cork oak, almonds, birds-nest orchids, cypresses etc.
- Natural resources: coal, lignite, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, uranium, tungsten, mercury, pyrites, sepiolite and potash
-The Capital of Spain is Madrid. It is also the capital of autonomous region of Madrid.
- In Madrid lives about 3 million people including areas around Madrid
- The mayor is Ana Botella and she was chosen in 2011
- The area of Madrid is about 607 km²
- Their Motto is: Fui sobre agua edificada, mis muros de fuego son. Esta es mi insignia y blasón.
- The King of Spain is Juan Carlos 1
- Spain is a Constitutional monarchy
- Juan Carlos is married with princess Sofia(Princess of Greece)
- They have two daughters, Princesses Elena and Christina and one son, crown prince Felipe
- Flamenco, which is a kind of dance, song and music originates from Spain.
- The guitar originates from Spain.
Antoni Gaudi
- He was born in 1852, in Reus
- He suffered from serious arthritis
- He worked mainly in Barcelona where he lived
- He was the most famous modern architect in Spain
- He has designed many great cultural places in Spain
The Spanish coat of arms
Pablo Picasso
Salvador Dali
Bullfighting
Barcelona
Sevilla
Valencia
Bullfighting is also a popular sport.
- The first settlers, Iberians from the south and Celts from the north set the foundations of Spanish culture.
- Phoenicians and Greek came next, attracted by the natural resources.
- The Carthaginians had control over much of the Mediterranean coast for a while, but they lost it to Rome after losing the Second Punic war.
- It took 200 years for Rome to have complete control over the Iberian peninsula, but it had control over it for almost 600 years.
- Rome left important marks on Spanish culture (Latin, Christianity, roads and laws).
- After several short-term invasions, in the beginning of the ninth century (800) Spain was invaded by Moors from the south. The only part left free of muslim control was a small part of the north, from which the Reconquest of Spain began.
- Non-muslims had to pay more taxes and they weren't allowed to do certain things.
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