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Conditions of Learning Theory

By Robert Gagne, (Prescriptive Theory Assignment)
by

Brittney Paxton

on 6 December 2013

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Transcript of Conditions of Learning Theory

Conditions of Learning Theory
By Robert M. Gagne

Multimedia & Project Based Learning Applications
of Conditions of Learning Theory
Gange's work has also been applied to Computer Based Training & Multimedia/ Project Based Learning.
The Nine Events of Instruction:
1. Gaining attention
2. Informing learners of the objective
3. Stimulating recall of prior learning
4. Presenting the stimulus
5. Providing learning guidance
6. Eliciting performance
7. Providing feedback
8. Assessing performance
9. Enhancing retention and transfer
("Robert Gagne. Instructional Development Timeline," n.d.)
Conditions of Learning
Higher Education: Student Affairs Application
Collegiate Link "ArgoPulse" Student Event Tracking Workshop

1.
Gain Attention:
Give a tutorial on navigating ArgoPulse highlighting the student benefits. Show a sample organization and student profile. Have a volunteer create a student profile during the workshop.
2.
Identify Objective:
Explore the Workshop Agenda including workshop objectives, "You will learn the basic principles of ArgoPulse and the software benefits."
3.
Recall Prior Learning:
"As most of you know we are converting student organization event registration to a virtual format called Argopulse. Previously we use paper forms to complete event registration."
4.
Present Stimulus:
Conducts step-by-step presentation of how to use ArgoPulse including registration with the system.
5.
Guide Learning:
Show how to create individual profiles and organization profiles. Students create their profiles.
6.
Elicit Performance:
Allow workshop attendees to pair and share their work.
7.
Provide Feedback:
Provide time for peer feedback on the current profile. Share aloud examples of elements that make great organization profiles (ex: contact information- list of officers, officer emails, cell numbers)
8.
Assess Performance:
Profiles will be briefly examined by workshop instructor.
9.
Enhance Retention:
Action Item is for student organizations to register officers and members prior to the Coordinator's follow-up meeting.
References
Ahmad, S., Hussain, I., Naseer-ud-din, M., & Ahmed, M. (2011). Mechanism of Mathematics Concepts Through Gagne's Taxonomy of Learning at Primary Level in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. International Journal Of Social Sciences & Education, 1(4), 617-631.

Culatta, R. Instructional Design: Conditions of Learning, Robert Gagne. Retrieved December 2, 2013 from http://www.instructionaldesign.org/theories/conditions-learning.html

Fee, K. (2011). 101 Learning and Development Tools : Essential Techniques for Creating, Delivering and Managing Effective Training. London: Kogan Page.

Neo, M., Neo, T., & Leow, F. (2011). Developing an Interactive Multimedia-mediated Learning Environment Using Gagne's 9 Events of Instruction in a Malaysian Classroom. International Journal Of Instructional Media, 38(4), 379-389.

Neo, T., Neo, M., Teoh, B., & Yap, W. (2010). Using Multimedia and Gagne's Instructional Design to Enhance Teaching and Learning in a Student-Centered Environment: A Malaysian Experience. International Journal Of Instructional Media, 37(4), 365-377.

Robert Gagne. Instructional Development Timeline. Retrieved December 2, 2013 from http://my-ecoach.com/project.php?id=12152&project_step=28465
Principles
The Conditions of Learning Theory Consists of the following Principles:
Different instruction is required for different learning outcomes.
Events of learning operate on the learner in ways that constitute the conditions of learning.
The specific operations that constitute instructional events are different for each different type of learning outcome.
Learning hierarchies define what intellectual skills are to be learned and a sequence of instruction.
(Culatta, 2013).
The objective is to obtain the necessary conditions for learning to occur. They should also serve as a platform for the design process allowing instructors the opportunity for application of dynamic media within instruction. (Culatta, 2013).
Gagne identifies five major categories of learning:
Verbal information
Intellectual skills
Cognitive strategies
Motor skills
Attitudes
"Different internal and external conditions are necessary for each type of learning." (Culatta, 2013).
About Gagne
One of the aspects I found within exploration of the Conditions of Learning Theory, is the application to both organizational learning and individual learning. “Organizational learning needs are different from individual learning needs and usually require to be addressed in different ways. “ (Fee, 2011). This is important to remember in the development of organizational trainings.

Individual Learning Application Studies:
A study conducted in Malaysia illustrated their results through a pre and post test survey stating, "students reported positive feedback in their attention to the content, their learning experiences, interaction, and with the presentation of the content, all of which provided strong support for the use of Gagne's nine instructional events as an instructional framework for the development of an interactive learning module within a student-centered learning environment." (Neo, M., Neo, T., & Leow, 2011).
Fun Video About Project Based Learning:
Multimedia Study- Gagne Application
(Neo, M., Neo, T., & Leow, 2011).
Conditions of Learning YouTube:
Full transcript