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American Industry and Growth 1790-1825

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by

Mr. Dickman

on 8 December 2015

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Transcript of American Industry and Growth 1790-1825

American Industry and Growth 1790-1825
The Industrial Revolution
Moving West
2
How did settlers travel westward in the early 1800s?
Great Wagon Road
across Pensylvania
Wilderness Road
... on
flatboats down the Ohio River
into Indiana, Kentucky, and Illinois.
Southern Trails
Northern Trails
But why flatboats?
westward from Georgia and South Carolina to Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana
from New England, New York, and Pennsylvania into the Northwest Territory
What steps did Americans take to improve roads?
Turnpikes
Corduroy Roads
The National Road
Improved Roads
Private companies built gravel and stone roads. The companies collected tolls from travelers.
Roads made of logs. Looked like corduroy cloth. Made a very noisy and bumpy ride.
Ran from Cumberland, Maryland, to Wheeling, in western Virginia.
The first time Congress approved funds for a national road-building project.
How did steamboats and canals improve transportation for Americans?
carried passengers up and down the Atlantic coast.
carried passengers and goods on the Mississippi, Ohio, and Missouri rivers.
Canal
...is an artificial channel filled with water that allows boats to cross a stretch of land.
How did canals help western farmers?
The Erie Canal
Steamboats
Congress tries to strengthen the national economy.
National Bank
Henry Clay's American System
Sectionalism:
Loyalty to one state rather than nation as whole
Supreme Court Strengthens the national unity
McCulloch v. Maryland
states cannot interfere with the United States National Bank
Building National Unity
1811: The charter ran out
Money supply and demand suffered
Problem
Solution
Republicans support new charter
Restores order to nation's money supply
Foriegn Competition
Problem
British goods were cheaper to make.
Dumping: products sold in another country at low price
Solution
Higher tariffs
Congress pass Tariff of 1816
Foreign goods = high prices
Forces Americans to buy American goods
1. Higher Tariffs
Helped Northern Factories
North would buy from south and west

Two Goals
2. Government support for improved transportation

Gibbon v. Ogden
only the federal government can regulate trade between the states
Henry Clay
Daniel Webster
John C. Calhoun
Latin America and the United States
What is Foreign Policy?
actions a nation takes in relation to another country
Latin American Independence
What led to the

Monroe Doctrine

and

what is it
?
Most people had little say in government
Harsh laws ruled the Indians and poor
French and American revolutions inspired colonists to seek self-rule
Reasons for independence
Mexican Independence
Miguel Hidalgo
Jose Morelos
1821
Mexico
South America
The Liberator
Simon Bolivar
Liberated:
Venezuela
Columbia
Ecuador
Panama
1819
By 1825
Spain had lost all its colonies.
1821
Central America declares independence
1822
Portuguese Prince Pedro
Brazil becomes independent from Portugal
United States Gains Florida
Andrew Jackson marches on Florida
Spanish too busy fighting rebels in Latin America
Adams - Onis Treaty
United States buys Florida for $5 million.
Secretary of State
John Quincy Adams
works out treaty.
The Monroe Doctrine
Declared the U.S. would not interfere with affairs of European nations or colonies.
Warned European nations NOT to interfere with newly independent nations of Latin America.
The U.S. would oppose any attempt to build new colonies in the Americas.
Full transcript