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American Industry and Growth 1790-1825
Transcript of American Industry and Growth 1790-1825
The Industrial Revolution
How did settlers travel westward in the early 1800s?
Great Wagon Road
flatboats down the Ohio River
into Indiana, Kentucky, and Illinois.
But why flatboats?
westward from Georgia and South Carolina to Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana
from New England, New York, and Pennsylvania into the Northwest Territory
What steps did Americans take to improve roads?
The National Road
Private companies built gravel and stone roads. The companies collected tolls from travelers.
Roads made of logs. Looked like corduroy cloth. Made a very noisy and bumpy ride.
Ran from Cumberland, Maryland, to Wheeling, in western Virginia.
The first time Congress approved funds for a national road-building project.
How did steamboats and canals improve transportation for Americans?
carried passengers up and down the Atlantic coast.
carried passengers and goods on the Mississippi, Ohio, and Missouri rivers.
...is an artificial channel filled with water that allows boats to cross a stretch of land.
How did canals help western farmers?
The Erie Canal
Congress tries to strengthen the national economy.
Henry Clay's American System
Loyalty to one state rather than nation as whole
Supreme Court Strengthens the national unity
McCulloch v. Maryland
states cannot interfere with the United States National Bank
Building National Unity
1811: The charter ran out
Money supply and demand suffered
Republicans support new charter
Restores order to nation's money supply
British goods were cheaper to make.
Dumping: products sold in another country at low price
Congress pass Tariff of 1816
Foreign goods = high prices
Forces Americans to buy American goods
1. Higher Tariffs
Helped Northern Factories
North would buy from south and west
2. Government support for improved transportation
Gibbon v. Ogden
only the federal government can regulate trade between the states
John C. Calhoun
Latin America and the United States
What is Foreign Policy?
actions a nation takes in relation to another country
Latin American Independence
What led to the
what is it
Most people had little say in government
Harsh laws ruled the Indians and poor
French and American revolutions inspired colonists to seek self-rule
Reasons for independence
Spain had lost all its colonies.
Central America declares independence
Portuguese Prince Pedro
Brazil becomes independent from Portugal
United States Gains Florida
Andrew Jackson marches on Florida
Spanish too busy fighting rebels in Latin America
Adams - Onis Treaty
United States buys Florida for $5 million.
Secretary of State
John Quincy Adams
works out treaty.
The Monroe Doctrine
Declared the U.S. would not interfere with affairs of European nations or colonies.
Warned European nations NOT to interfere with newly independent nations of Latin America.
The U.S. would oppose any attempt to build new colonies in the Americas.