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02.03 Population and Statistics Assignment


Cassia Wang

on 2 October 2012

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Transcript of 02.03 Population and Statistics Assignment

02.03 Population Statistics Assessment Cassia Wang
AP Human Geography
FLVS Explain possible reasons for the differences between the population data for Pakistan (infant mortality, total rate of fertility, life expectancy, and natural increase rate) and the same data for Spain. Question 3 Part A Infant mortality rate (IMR) - Pakistan's infant mortality rate is much higher than Spain's IMR (67.36 vs. 4.21). Infant mortality rate is the number of children per year who die before their first birthday per 1,000 births. Usually, high infant mortality rates are a result of a low level of economic development in a country. This suggests that Pakistan is a less-developed country than Spain. You can infer this also by comparing Pakistan's and Spain's GDP per capita, which is separated by about $31,000US. Total Fertility Rate - Pakistan's fertility rate is 2.12 higher than Spain's fertility rate. Total fertility rate measures the average number of children a woman will have during her childbearing years. The number of children is often related to a woman's education and opportunities; when a woman is well-educated, they tend to have less children. Education may be lower in Pakistan than Spain, resulting higher fertility rates. Another cause for higher fertility rates may be Pakistan's culture and gender empowerment. Since women are more limited to educational, economic, and political opportunities, the rate of fertility increases. Life expectancy - Life expectancy refers to the average number of years a person is expected to live based on the mortality rates of that country. Life expectancy for Spain is in the 80 range, while Pakistan's life expectancy is in the mid 60 range. Again, life expectancy correlates to a country's economy and status, which includes education, relationship with other nations, cultures, etc. Therefore, Spain has a higher life expectancy because it is a more well-developed country than Pakistan. Natural Increase Rate (NIR) - Pakistan's increase rate is at 1.555%, and Spain's increase rate is at 0.72%. This means that both countries' crude birth rates are greater than the crude death rates. This is a positive growth for both nations. Pakistan's NIR might be a little higher because they have a higher fertility rate than Spain. Philippines Question 3 Part B Country GDP per capita GDP per capita (world ranking) Female literacy rate (%) Infant mortality rate (per thousand births) Total Fertility Rate (number of children) Life expectancy (in years) Natural Increase Rate (%) Indonesia 155 Based on the numbers given for Pakistan and Spain, predict what the missing data will be for Indonesia, the Philippines, Kazakhstan, the United Kingdom, and Australia. Predictions don’t need to be exact but can be given in ranges (between one and two, or between 60 and 70). 86.8 35 2 - 3 67 10 - 15 $3,300 $2,600 162 92.7 10-15 3-5 65-70 5-10 Kazakhstan $11,800 94 99.3 7-10 1-2 80-85 7 United Kingdom $35,200 34 99 less than 5 1 80s 0-1 Australia $38,000 23 99 5- 1-2 80-90 1-2 * Predicted data in blue Choose any two of the nations shown in the table and suggest public policies that would affect the data you predicted, giving reasons for your suggestions. Question 3 Part C Click on a box to zoom in if needed Indonesia Philippines To reduce infant mortality rates, having free clinics where expectant mothers could receive health care and education about caring for infants would be very beneficial. That way, they can be healthy before the baby is born and will know how to take care of it properly. To reduce mortality rates in the Philippines, public services could help by installing water purification systems in rural areas. This will show a decrease in infection rates of fatal ilnessses.
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